Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Urbanization

StudyInoguchi & Fujii (2013): study TW 2003
TitleThe Quality of Life in Asia. A Comparison of Quality of Life in Asia
SourceSpringer, 2013, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicWorking aged (20-69), Taiwan, 2003-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =852

Author's labelUrban/rural
Our classificationUrbanization
2 urban
1 base: rural

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mbOLRC=+.06 ns

- all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mbOLRC=+.28 ns
- married only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=+.34 ns

- all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOLRC=+.33 ns
- married only

OLRC's controlled for:
- INDIVIDUAL characteristics:
  - Satisfaction with life domains
  - Access to public services:
    - number of utilities
    - internet
    - email
    - mobile phone
  - Lifestyle characteristics:
    - frequency of praying
    - religion
    - living internationally
    - English ability
    - homeownership
    - number of family members
    - relative standard of living
    - no right to vote
  - Socioeconomic status:
    - gender
    - marital status
    - age
    - income
    - educational attainment
- GEOGRAPHIC characteristics:
  - region
  - county

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mbSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
OLRCREGRESSION coefficient in ORDERED categorical LOGISTIC analysis.

Only the sign of the computed coefficient is informative.

Happiness is an ordered categorical variable. Higher categories correspond to being happier.

OLRC < 0 indicates that the odds of being beyond a chosen happiness category-to- be-ing at or below that category decreases when

1) the corresponding metric correlate increases
2) the corresponding category of a categorical correlate is compared to the reference category.

OLRC > 0 indicates an increase in the odds for both the above cases.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.