Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Recent change in marital status

StudyIwasaki & Smale (1998): study CA 1981
TitleLongitudinal Analyses of the Relationships among Life Transitions, Chronic Health Problems, Leisure, and Psychological Well?being
SourceLeisure Sciences, 1998, Vol. 20, 25 - 52
URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/01490409809512263
PublicAged 23-96, Canada, 1981-1988
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2744

Correlate
Author's labelChange marital status
Page in Source 33
Our classificationRecent change in marital status
Operationalization
Selfreport on change in marital status:
A Got married
B Became divorced or separated
C Became widowed
Remarks
Question not reported
DM computed by WDH-team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM= ns
WOMEN                             DM
A Got married                    +0.52
B Became divorced or separated   -0.50
C Became widowed                 -1.04
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM= ns
MEN                               DM
A Got married                    +0.45
B Became divorced or separated   +0.68(ns)
C Became widowed                 +2.01(ns)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? )
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
1 never
2 sometimesd
3 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -20 to +20

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl