Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Recent change in marital status

StudyIwasaki & Smale (1998): study CA 1981
TitleLongitudinal Analyses of the Relationships among Life Transitions, Chronic Health Problems, Leisure, and Psychological Well?being
SourceLeisure Sciences, 1998, Vol. 20, 25 - 52
PublicAged 23-96, Canada, 1981-1988
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =2744

Author's labelChange marital status
Page in Source 33
Our classificationRecent change in marital status
Selfreport on change in marital status:
A Got married
B Became divorced or separated
C Became widowed
Question not reported
DM computed by WDH-team

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM= ns
WOMEN                             DM
A Got married                    +0.52
B Became divorced or separated   -0.50
C Became widowed                 -1.04
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM= ns
MEN                               DM
A Got married                    +0.45
B Became divorced or separated   +0.68(ns)
C Became widowed                 +2.01(ns)

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? )
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
1 never
2 sometimesd
3 often

-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -20 to +20

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.