Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Getting (re)employed

StudyIwasaki & Smale (1998): study CA 1981
TitleLongitudinal Analyses of the Relationships among Life Transitions, Chronic Health Problems, Leisure, and Psychological Well?being
SourceLeisure Sciences, 1998, Vol. 20, 25 - 52
URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/01490409809512263
PublicAged 23-96, Canada, 1981-1988
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2744

Correlate
Author's labelChange employment status
Page in Source 33
Our classificationGetting (re)employed
Operationalization
Selfreport on employment status:
A from homemaker to employed
B From employed to homemaker
C Became unemployed
D Became retired
Remarks
Question not reported
DM computed by WDH-team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM=
WOMEN                            DM
A from homemaker to employed   +0.67   
B From employed to homemaker   +0.42
C Became unemployed             0.00
D Became retired               -0.52
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aDM=
MEN                             DM
A From unemployed to employed  +1.44  
B From employed to unemployed  -1.54
C Became retired               +0.08


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? )
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
1 never
2 sometimesd
3 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -20 to +20

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl