Correlational finding on Happiness and Discovery oriented learning
Subject code: S01ad06a

StudyOECD (2017): study RU 2015
TitlePISA 2015 Results. Students' Well-Being. Volume III.
SourceOECD Publishing, 2017, Paris, France
URLhttp://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/pisa-2015-results-volume-iii_9789264273856-en
Public15-16 aged, secundary school students, Russia, 2017
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6036

Correlate
Author's labelEnquiry based teaching
Page in Source 251 + TableII.3.11,p.290
Our classificationDiscovery oriented learning, code S01ad06a
Operationalization
Student report on teaching practices in science lessons
a: students are given opportunity to express their 
ideas
b: students spend time in the laboratory doing 
practical experiments
c: students are required to argue about science 
questions
d: students are asked to draw conclusions from an 
experiment they have conducted
e: the teacher explains how a science idea can be 
applied to a number of different phenomena
f: students are allowed to design their own experiments
g: there is a class debate about investigations
h: the teacher clearly explains the relevance of 
science concepts in our lives
i: students are asked to do an investigation to test 
ideas

Each question rated:
4 in all lessons
3 in most lessons
2 in some lessons
1 never or hardly ever

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eDM=+ p < .05
Average happiness            Average enquiry 
of schools                   based teaching

50% above national average:    +0,69
50% below national average:    +0,28
               -difference:    +0,41


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. The top of the ladder '10' represents the best possible life for you and the bottom '0' is the worst possible life for you. In general , where on the ladder do you feel you stand at the moment? Tick the box next to the number that best describes where you stand
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl