Subject code: S01ad05a

Study | OECD (2017): study RU 2015 |

Title | PISA 2015 Results. Students' Well-Being. Volume III. |

Source | OECD Publishing, 2017, Paris, France |

URL | http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/pisa-2015-results-volume-iii_9789264273856-en |

Public | 15-16 aged, secundary school students, Russia, 2017 |

Sample | Probability multi-stage random |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 6036 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Exposure to bullying |

Page in Source | 253+Table III.8-9/10, p.388/391 |

Our classification | Bullying incidence, code S01ad05a |

Operationalization | Self report on 6 statements about incidence of: a: other students left me out of things on purpose b: other students made fun of me c: I was threatened by other students d; other students took away or destroyed things that belonged to me e; I got hit or pushed around by other students f: other students spread neasty rumours about me 4 once a week or more 3 a few times a month 2 a few times a year 1 never or almost never |

Observed distribution | quartiles |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e | DM=- p < .05 | Average happiness by bullied quarter 4 most bullied M = 6,93 3 M = 7,66 2 M = 8,07 1 least bullied M = 8,39 4-1 difference -1,47 |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e | RČ=.06 ns | |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e | D%=- p < .05 | % unhappy not frequently bullied 9,3 frequently bullied 19,5 - difference -10,2 D% = -11,0 when controlled for: - student characteristics - school characteristics |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e | Selfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. The top of the ladder '10' represents the best possible life for you and the bottom '0' is the worst possible life for you. In general , where on the ladder do you feel you stand at the moment? Tick the box next to the number that best describes where you stand 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

D% | DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous Range: [-100; +100] Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels. |

DM | DIFFERENCE of MEANS Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero. Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels. |

RČ | COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric Range: [0; 1] Meaning: RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established. RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl