Correlational finding on Happiness and Mono sort
Subject code: H16ae04a

StudyChoi (2011): study NL 2009
TitlePathways to Happiness.
SourceThesis University of Nijmegen, 2011, Netherlands
PublicParticipants in a 9 day meditation retreat and controls, Netherlands, 2009
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =26

Correlate
Author's label9 day vipassana meditation retreat
Page in Source 72
Our classificationMono sort, code H16ae04a
Operationalization
Intensive vipassana meditation retreat: participants 
meditated fro 6.30 in the morning to 22.00 in the 
evening during 9 days
1: participants
0: controls without meditation experience
    matched for sexe, age and education
Observed distributionN = 1: 13, 0: 13
Remarks
Meditation and interviews took place  during winter 
holiday

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-m-rc-nvt-24-aDM=+
              Happiness LEVEL       CHANGE
              T1         T2         T1-T2

Meditators    17,03      18,65      +1,62(ns)
Controls      18,52      17,26      -0,78
- difference  -1,49      +1,59      +3,08(01)
A-CA-m-rc-nvt-24-aD%sr=
Meditators                          + 7,6%
Controls                            - 3,3%
- difference                        +12,8%
M-AO---mq-nvt-24-aDM=+ p < .01
Meditators    20,77      22,85      +2,08(01)
Controls      21,92      21,85      -0,07
- difference  -1,15      +1,00      +2,15(01)
M-AO---mq-nvt-24-a
Meditators                          + 8,7%
Controls                            - 0,3%
- difference                        + 9,0%
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ p < .?
Meditators     5,07      11,38      +6,31
Controls       9,09      11,08      +1,99
- difference  -4,02      +0,30      +4,32
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Meditators                          + 6,2%
Controls                            - 1,8%
- difference                        + 8,0%

Time x group effects significant for all measures 
of happiness

T1: Directly before start of retreat
T2: Directly after end of retreat


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-CA-m-rc-nvt-24-aRatings made by trained students from video taped interviews on...
A: Cheerful appearance
rated on 7 step faces scale
B: Happiness: I think this person is happy
1 strongly disagree
:
10 strongly agree
C: Life satisfaction: I think this person looks satisfied
1 strongly disagree
:
10 strongly agree

Computation: A+B+C
M-AO---mq-nvt-24-aSelf report on 4 questions, full texts not reported

A: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel at the
present moment?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
B: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel in
general?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
C: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
D All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied

Computation: A+B+C+D


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%srDIFFERENCE in % of SCALE RANGE
Scale range = highest theoretical value minus lowest theoretical value
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl