Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: A-CA by A-CA

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1975 /1
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8309

Correlate
Author's labelCheerful appearance
Page in Source 222
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Allenbacher Ausdrücktest: Interviewer-rating of 
cheerful appearance on the following aspects:
1 look
2 mouth
3 posture
4 movements
5 eyes
6 elbows 
7 lips
8 general appearance 

(AFF 5.3)
Remarks
AFF 5.3a is the last item in the Allensbacher 
Ausdrücktest (general appearance).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.44
1. Look
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.34
2. Mouth
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.47
3. Attitude
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.43
4. Movements
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.33
5. Eyes
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.24
6. Elbows
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.26
7. Lips


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bInterviewer rating of cheerfulness:

Alltogether the respondent looks.....
2 quite cheerful
1 not too cheerful
- difficult to say

Part of the 8 item Allensbacher Ausdrücktest which also involves ratings of cheerful appearance in: look, mouth, posture, movements, eyes, elbows and lips. This general rating is the last item in the test.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl