Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: A-CA by A-CA

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973 /6
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1041

Correlate
Author's labelCheerful appearance
Page in Source 223
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Interviewer rating of cheerful appearance on the 
following aspects:
- look
- mouth
- posture
- movements
- eyes
- elbow
- lips
- general cheerful appearance
Remarks
Allensbacher Ausdrücktest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.31
- total
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.34
- look
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.28
- mouth
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.28
- posture
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.29
- movements
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.14
- eyes
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.09
- elbows
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.12
- lips
AFF 5.3a is the last item in the Allensbacher 
Ausdrücktest (general cheerfull appearance).


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bInterviewer rating of cheerfulness:

Alltogether the respondent looks.....
2 quite cheerful
1 not too cheerful
- difficult to say

Part of the 8 item Allensbacher Ausdrücktest which also involves ratings of cheerful appearance in: look, mouth, posture, movements, eyes, elbows and lips. This general rating is the last item in the test.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl