Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Attitude to local natural environment

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with environment
Page in Source 358
Our classificationAttitude to local natural environment
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 7-point scale: In 
general, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the 
environment aropiund here - the land, woodland, water, 
air, quietness, and scenery: completely satisfied / 
very satisfied / satisfied / satisfied-dissatisfied / 
dissatisfied / very dissatisfied / completely 
dissatisfied?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.27 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.34 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.18 p < .05


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-A-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in life...?"
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied-dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied.
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question :

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl