Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current employment status

StudyLinn et al. (1986): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleFactors Associated with Life Satisfaction among Practising Internists.
SourceMedical Care, 1986, Vol. 24, 830 - 837
Public18+ aged, general public, NW-Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response7-24 %
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelUnemployment
Page in Source 95
Our classificationCurrent employment status
Operationalization
Are you on vacation from a job, laid-off temporarily, 
on sick leave, unemployed and looking for a job, 
retired, a student, a housewife, or what?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=- p < .01
B controlled for:
sex, education, income, occupation, age, friends;
health and its interaction with age and friends;
divorce and its interaction with age and friends.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=- p < .01
B controlled for:
sex, education, income, occupation, age, friends;
health and its interaction with age and friends;
divorce and its interaction with age and friends.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=- p < .01
interaction with age
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=- p < .05
interaction with age
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ab=+ ns
Interaction with friends
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-ab=+ p < .05
interaction with unemployment


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 satisfied
5 mostly satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl