Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Income inequality in nation

StudyVeenhoven (1984): study ZZ 1974 /1
TitleConditions of Happiness.
SourceKluwer Academic, 1984 (reprint), Dordrecht, The Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84a-con.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, 14 nations and regions, 1974-1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6563

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 158
Our classificationIncome inequality in nation
Operationalization
Income inequality in measured Gini-coefficients in 
various countries.
Data drawn from Cromwell (1977:294/5) and Bertrand 
(1981:192).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-ar=-.45 p < .05
                  Mt happiness        Gini
Australia             7.0             .416
USA                   6.7             .414
Canada                7.0             .360
Great Britain         6.8             .400
France                5.8             .520
W-Germany             6.6             .423
Italy                 5.6             .379
Benelux               6.0             .402
Scandinavia           7.6             .405
Brasil                6.2             .491
Mexico                6.2             .530
Africa (South
of the Sahara)        4.6             .471
India                 3.4             .482
Japan                 5.8             .409


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"To indicate how you feel about your life at this time, would you use this card? Suppose the top of the mountain represents the best life you can imagine, and the bottom step of the mountain represents the worst possible life you can imagine. On which step of the mountain would you say you personally feel you stand at this time? - assuming that the higher the step the better you feel about your life, and the lower the step the worse you feel about it. Just point to the step that comes closest to how you feel"
10 best possible life
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

(Mountain scale not reproduced here)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl