Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Earlier personality traits

StudyMussen et al. (1980): study US 1930
TitleContinuity and Change in Womens Characteristics over Four Decades.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 1980, Vol. 3, 333 - 347
PublicMothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley, USA, 1930-70
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =81

Correlate
Author's labelPersonality
Page in Source 342
Our classificationEarlier personality traits
Operationalization
Both personality and happiness were assessed at age 30 
and age 70.
Ratings were made on 7 point scales by independant 
interviewers.
21 chracteristics were subjected to a factor analysis, 
from which the following three factors appeared:

- Stationairy or common factors at ages   30 and 70:
  1. Open minded, accurate thinking
  2. Unworried, satisfied, selfassured
  3. Exitable, energetic, talkative,      restless

- Factors unique to age 30:
  4. Interested in child, uncritical to      child, 
talkative
  5. Intelligence, interested in child

- Factors unique to age 70:
  6. Good use of language, worrysome,      restless, 
high self esteem
  7. Intelligent, interested in child,      uncritical 
of child
  8. Talkative, critical
Remarks
Guidance group only (N=58)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=+.07 ns
1
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.05 ns
1
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.37 p < .05
2
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=+.33 ns
2
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=+.31
3
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.17 ns
3
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-bSNR=
4             
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=+.01 ns
4
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=-.20 ns
5
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.11 ns
5
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.13 ns
6
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=+.10 ns
6
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=-.29 ns
7
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=-.08 ns
7
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=-.23 ns
8
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-ar=-.08 ns
8


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CP-g-fi-n-7-aSelfreport in focused interview:

Rating of cheerfulness by interviewer on the basis of an extensive interview.

Rating options:
7 cheerful
6
5
4
3
2
1 gloomy
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-bSelfreport in focused interview

Two independent interviews. Each interviewer rated `satisfaction with lot' on the same scale.
1 tremendously satisfied
2
3
4 average
5
6
7 extremely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl