Correlational finding on Happiness and Burden of earlier life-events
Subject code: L06aa01a

StudyGehmacher (1990): study AT 1988
TitleStressbewältigung und Selbstbestimtheit. (Coping with Stress and Locus of Control).
SourceStart und Aufstieg, 1990, Vol. 3, 13 - 14
PublicRailway employees, Austria, 1988
Respondents N =68

Author's labelStressful events in childhood
Page in Source 13
Our classificationBurden of earlier life-events, code L06aa01a
Questions on whether or not the following events 
a. serious conflicts at home
b. conflicts in school
c. parental divorce
d. death of an intimate
e. death of a parent
f. serious illnes

1. no event      (47%)
2. one event     (35%)
3. two events    (15%)
4. three events   (3%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.25 ns
a. r=-.22
b. r=-.20
c. r=-.16
d. r=-.07
e. r=-.02
f. r=+.04
1. M'=2,75
2. M'=2.25
3. M'=2.20
4. M'=1.50

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole now, are you.....?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 more happy than unhappy
2 more unhappy than happy
1 quite unhappy
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.