Correlational finding on Happiness and Burden of earlier life-events
Subject code: L06aa01a

StudyGehmacher (1990): study AT 1988
TitleStressbewältigung und Selbstbestimtheit. (Coping with Stress and Locus of Control).
SourceStart und Aufstieg, 1990, Vol. 3, 13 - 14
PublicRailway employees, Austria, 1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =68

Correlate
Author's labelStressful events in childhood
Page in Source 13
Our classificationBurden of earlier life-events, code L06aa01a
Operationalization
Questions on whether or not the following events 
happened.
a. serious conflicts at home
b. conflicts in school
c. parental divorce
d. death of an intimate
e. death of a parent
f. serious illnes

1. no event      (47%)
2. one event     (35%)
3. two events    (15%)
4. three events   (3%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.25 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ar=-
a. r=-.22
b. r=-.20
c. r=-.16
d. r=-.07
e. r=-.02
f. r=+.04
   
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
1. M'=2,75
2. M'=2.25
3. M'=2.20
4. M'=1.50


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole now, are you.....?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 more happy than unhappy
2 more unhappy than happy
1 quite unhappy
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl