Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Attitude to local natural environment

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with nature
Page in Source 366
Our classificationAttitude to local natural environment
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with nature ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good, nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1374, 1:13, 2:28, 3:265, 4:690, 5:378

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.13 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.73
 2: Mt=7.24
 3: Mt=7.40
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.09
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.96
 2: Mt=6.96
 3: Mt=6.93
 4: Mt=7.41
 5: Mt=7.96
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.39
 2: Mt=6.70
 3: Mt=6.55
 4: Mt=6.95
 5: Mt=7.38
All Mt=6.98


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl