Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: O-SL by A-AB

StudySuh et al. (1998): study ZZ 1990
TitleThe Shifting Basis of Life Satisfaction Judgments across Cultures: Emotions versus Norms.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 74, 482 - 493
Public16+ aged, general public, 43 nations 1990-93
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response.11
Respondents N =55666

Correlate
Author's labelEmotional experience
Page in Source 485-6
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-10-amr=+.41 p < .00
Nigeria          r = +.20
India            r = +.22
Turkey           r = +.30
Switzerland      r = +.31
Russia           r = +.31
Japan            r = +.32
Spain            r = +.34
Lithuania        r = +.35
Brazil           r = +.36
Mexico           r = +.38
Czechoslovakia   r = +.38
Romania          r = +.38
Latvia           r = +.38
Estonia          r = +.39
Northern Ireland r = +.40
Chile            r = +.40
Byelaris         r = +.40
Bulgaria         r = +.40
China            r = +.40
Britain          r = +.41
Norway           r = +.41
Argentina        r = +.41
Austria          r = +.41
Poland           r = +.43
Belgium          r = +.44
Hungary          r = +.44
East Germany     r = +.44
Slovenia         r = +.44
Portugal         r = +.44
France           r = +.45
Italy            r = +.45
Denmark          r = +.45
Canada           r = +.45
Iceland          r = +.47
The Netherlands  r = +.48
Ireland          r = +.48
United States    r = +.48
Sweden           r = +.48
South Africa     r = +.50
Finland          r = +.51
West Germany     r = +.57

Correlations are larger in the individualist than 
the collectivist nations (r=.52, p<.001)

Separate analysis of subscales (Positive Affect 
and Negative Affect) yields similar results


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-l-10-aSelf report on single question:

Taking all together, how satisfied are you currently with your life as a whole? Please indicate on this ladder. 1 means 'not satisfied at all' and 10 completely satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl