Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Attitude to local natural environment

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with nature
Page in Source 388
Our classificationAttitude to local natural environment
Operationalization
Single question:
" How are your current relations with nature ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good 
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4365: %:1:1,8; 2:5,4; 3:26,4; 4:73,2; 5:76,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.19 p < .00
1: Mt=6.93
2: Mt=7.03
3: Mt=7.30
4: Mt=7.90
5: Mt=8.30
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.20 p < .00
1: Mt=6.24
2: Mt=6.64
3: Mt=6.94
4: Mt=7.61
5: Mt=8.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.20 p < .00
1: Mt=5.96
2: Mt=6.51
3: Mt=6.49
4: Mt=7.20
5: Mt=7.59


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl