Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Region in USA

StudySullivan et al. (1991): study US 1988
TitleQuality of Life of Seriously Mentally Ill Persons in Mississippi.
SourceHospital and Community Psychiatry, 1991, Vol. 42, 752 -755
PublicFormer inpatients of mental hospital, Mississipi, 1988
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =130

Correlate
Author's labelLiving area
Page in Source 753
Our classificationRegion in USA
Operationalization
a Missisippi
b Los Angeles
c Maryland
Observed distributionN: a=101, b=278, c=66
Remarks
samples b and c from Lehman(1983,1986)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aDM=
Missisippi   M=5.3
Los Angeles  M=4.4
Maryland     M=5.2
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aTē= ns
a>c
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aTē= ns
a>b


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
HOTELLING's Tē statistic is the MANOVA equivalent of an F-statistic in an ANOVA situation.
Type: asymmetric test statistic
(one or more correlates; two or more happiness measures at the interval level of measurement)
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl