Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Sex (male vs female)

StudyReig Ferrer et al. (2001): study ES 2000
TitleLa Calidad de Vida y el Estado de Salud de los estudiantes universitarios (Quality of life and health status of university students).
SourceUniversity of Alicante, 2001, Alicante, Spain
PublicUniversity students, Alicante, Spain 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response318 (37,63%)
Respondents N =845

Correlate
Author's labelgender
Page in Source 110
Our classificationSex (male vs female)
Operationalization
2 male
1 female
Observed distributionMales: 43% , females: 57%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-v-5-aChiČ=8.32 p < .081
Males:   M = 3.21 SD = 0.06 [3.09 - 3.33]
Females: M = 3.12 SD = 0.06 [3.00 - 3.24]
O-SLC-u-sq-v-5-aChiČ=4.26 p < .371
Males:   M = 3.49 SD = 0.06 [3.37 - 3.60]
Females: M = 3.33 SD = 0.06 [3.22 - 3.45]
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-dChiČ=6.28 p < .179
Males:   M = 3.73 SD = 0.05 [3.62 - 3.84]
Females: M = 3.60 SD = 0.05 [3.50 - 3.71]
C-RG-h-sq-v-5-aChiČ=2.05 p < .726
Males:   M = 3.40  SD = 0.07 [3.26 - 3.54]
Females: M = 3.40  SD = 0.06 [3.27 - 3.53]


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-RG-h-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

So far, I have achieved most important things I want in my life
1 strongly disagree
2 agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
4 disagree
5 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
Adjusted rating scale: 5-step verbal instead of 7-step numerical
O-SLC-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

The conditions of my life are excellent
1 strongly disagree
2 agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
4 disagree
5 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
Adjusted rating scale; 5-step verbal instead of 7-step numerical
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

'I am satisfied with my life'
1 strongly disagree
2 agree
3 neither agree not disagree
4 disagree
5 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
Adjusted rating scale (5-step verbal instead of 7-step numerical)
O-V-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In most ways my life is close to ideal
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 neither agree nor disagree
4 agree
5 strongly agree

Item in Diener's Satisfaction with life Scale (SWLS)
Adjusted rating scale: 5-step verbal instead of 7-step numerical


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
ChiČCHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
ChiČ <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
ChiČ >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl