Correlational finding on Happiness and subject: Current area of residence

StudyDiener et al. (1995a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1991 /1
TitleNational Differences in Reported Subjective Well-Being: Why do They Occur?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 7 - 32
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078966
PublicCollege students, South Korea, China, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =208

Correlate
Author's labelNational differences
Page in Source 21
Our classificationCurrent area of residence
Operationalization
a China
b South Korea
c USA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-cDM=
a China         M = 4,5
b South Korea   M = 4,6
c USA           M = 5,2

a
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bDM=
a China         M = 2,1
b South Korea   M = 0,8
c USA           M = 2,5

a


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A affectionate
B joyful
C sad
D worried
E irritable
F guilty
G happy
H proud

1 never
2 slight amount (rare)
3 some of the time
4 about half the time
5 much of the time
6 almost always
7 always

Computation: (A+B+G+H)-(C+D+E+F)/8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-cSelfreport on single question asked twice:

"Considering how you feel these days, are you generally satisfied with your life or are you generally dissatisfied?"
7 extremely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 quite satisfied
4 both satisfied and dissatisfied
3 quite dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 extremely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl