Findings on Happiness and HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and main subject: HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Nr of Studieson subject
1 HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES
1   Overall happiness
2     Overall happiness by overall happiness
9       O-HL by O-HL
49       O-HL by O-SL
8       O-HL by O-DT
3       O-HL by O-QOL
9       O-HL by O-further
      O-HL by O-sum
8       O-SL by O-SL
5       O-SL by O-DT
5       O-SL by O-QOL
12       O-SL by O-further
      O-SL by O-sum
5       O-DT by O-DT
      O-DT by O-QOL
9       O-DT by O-further
2       O-DT by O-open
1       O-QOL by O further
5       O-further by O-further
      O-further by O-open
3     Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level
10       O-HL by A-AOL
22       O-HL by A-AB
      O-HL by A-TH
1       O-HP by A-CA
9       O-SL by A-AOL
14       O-SL by A-AB
      O-SL by A-CA
6       O-DT by A-AB
1       O-DT by A-AOL
1       O-QOL by A-AOL
      O-further by A-AOL
7       O-further by A-AB
1       O-further by A-ARE
      O-open by A-ARE
1       O-open by A-CA
1       O-sum by A-AB
11     Overall happiness and contentment
9       O-HL by C-BW
1       O-HL by C-RG
7       O-HL by C-RW
2       O-HL by C-W
6       O-SL by C-BW
4       O-SL by C-RG
4       O-SL by C-RW
      O-SL by C-open
5       O-DT by C-BW
1       O-DT by C-RW
1       O-DT by C-RG
      O-DT by C-open
1       O-QOL by C-BW
5       O-further by C-BW
1     Overall happiness and mixed measures
7       O-HL by M-AO
2       O-HL by M-CO
2       O-HL by M-FH
      O-HL by M-TH
2       O-HL by M-ACO
5       O-SL by M-AO
1       O-SL by M-CO
2       O-SL by M-FH
1       O-SL by M-TH
4       O-DT by M-AO
2       O-DT by M-TH
7       O-further by M-AO
1   Hedonic level of affect
1     Hedonic level and overall happiness
    Hedonic level and hedonic level
      A-AOL by A-AOL
5       A-AOL by A-AB
2       A-AOL by A-ARE
6       A-AB by A-AB
6       A-AB by A-ARE
2       A-AB by A-CA
8       A-CA by A-CA
6       A-ARE by A-ARE
    Hedonic level and contentment
      A-AOL by C-RW
8       A-AB by C-BW
3       A-AB by C-RW
1       A-ARE by C-RW
1       A-ARE by C-BW
2     Hedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness
11       A-AB by M-AO
      A-AB by M-TH
1       A-ARE by M-AO
3       A-ARE by M-ACO
      A-CA by M-ACO
2   Contentment
2     Contentment and happiness
    Contentment and hedonic level
1     Contentment and contentment
1       C-BW by C-BW
2       C-BW by C-RW
1     Contentment and mixed indicators of happiness
1       C-RG by M-AC
4       C-BW by M-AO
2       C-W by M-FH
1       C-W by M-ACO
  Mixed indicators of happiness
1     by pure overall happiness
1     by pure indicators of hedonic level
1     by pure indicators of contentment
    Mixed indicators by mixed indicators
3       M-AO by M-AO
2       M-AO by M-FH
      M-AO by M-TH
1       M-ACO by M-FH

Appendices
Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
Appendix 2: Statistics used
Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness
Appendix 4: Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness
Appendix 5: Related Subjects

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=0049
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2021, Netherlands


Correlational finding on Happiness and HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES

StudyMagnus & Diener (1991): study US 1986
TitleA Longitudinal Analysis of Personality, Life Events, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at 63rd Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, 1991, Chicago, USA
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/magnus_k_1991.pdf
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 4 years 1986-1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =130

Correlate
Author's labelSubjective well being (SWB)
Page in Source 26
Our classificationHAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES
Operationalization
A single subjective well-being factor was made from 
combining several scales: 

A Selfreport on Satisfaction with life scale
B Selfreport on Informant satisfaction with life scale
C Selfreport on Fordyce happiness item 
D Informant rating on the Fordyce happiness item

A Satisfaction with life scale
  Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with 
each of the items by placing the appropriate number on 
the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest 
in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in 
life
E If I could live my life over, I would change nothing 
Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree
Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5
Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale 
(SWLS)

B The informant satisfaction with life scale: Informant 
report on A measure 

C The Fordyce :Selfreport on single question:
Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What 
score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, 
zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy 
nor unhappy'?
10 extremely happy
9
8
7
6
5  neither happy nor unhappy
4
3
2
1
0  extremely unhappy

D The informant Fordyce:Peerrating using C measure
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1986) and T2(1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.63 p < .05
T1 SWB by T2 happiness
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.68 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.62 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness
O-Sum-g-fi-?-7-ar=+.50 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness
A-AOL-g-rdp-v-10-ar=+.52 p < .05
T1 SWB by T2 happiness
A-AOL-g-rdp-v-10-ar=+.44 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness

StudyVanCampen & Verbeek-Oudijk (2017): study NL 2015
TitleGelukkig in een Verpleeghuis? (Happy in a Nursing Home?)
SourceSociaal en Cultureel Planbureau, 2017, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttps://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2017/09/22/gelukkig-in-een-verpleeghuis
PublicNursing home residents, Netherlands, 2017
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =951

Correlate
Author's labeloverall happiness
Page in Source 43, table 4.2
Our classificationOverall happiness
Operationalization
 Selfreport on single question:
How happy or unhappy do you find yourself?
5  very happy
4  happy
3  moderately happy
2  fairly unhappy
1  very unhappy
Observed distributionM=3.59; SD=0,22

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.58 s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness by overall happiness

StudyDelhey & Kroll (2012): study ZZ OECD member states 2008
TitleA " Happiness Test" for the New Measures of the National Well-Being: How much Better than GDP are They?
SourceWZB Discussion Paper SP I 2012-201, 2012, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2012/i12-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, OECD member states, 2008
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =340000

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelations happiness-measurements
Page in Source 17
Our classificationOverall happiness by overall happiness
Operationalization
a. C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c (Cantril, Contentment)
b. O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a (Life Happiness)
c. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a (Life-satisfaction)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.69 p < .01
Average C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c by 
Average O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.81 p < .01
Average O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a by 
Average O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.77 p < .01
Average O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a by
Average C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness by overall happiness

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelSubjective quality of life
Page in Source 265
Our classificationOverall happiness by overall happiness
Operationalization
Index of two questions:
A: Taking all things together, how happy would you say 
you are?
B: All things considered, how satisfied are you with 
your life as a whole nowadays?

Each rated
0: extremely unhappy/dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely happy/satisfied
Remarks
High values indicate high subjective quality of life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.92 p < .05
AVERAGE satisfaction by AVERAGE subjective quality 
of life
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.91 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2013
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands,2013
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =970

Correlate
Author's labelClassification of the 1-10 scale for happiness
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Same question on happiness rated on two different 
response scales
A  5-step verbal scale (O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a)
     -  very happy
     - happy
     - neither happy nor unhappy
     - not that happy
     - unhappy
B 10 completely happy
     :
     1 completely unhappy

B serves as correlate in this analysis
Observed distributionM = M = SD =

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-btc=+.49 p < .00
5-step verbal by 10-step numerical scale:
1 to 4 Unhappy and not that happy
5,6    Neither happy not unhappy
7,8    Happy
9,10   Very happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2012 /2
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7641

Correlate
Author's labelResponse scale: happiness
Page in Source 9
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Answers to same question on happiness: 
To what extend do you consider yourself a happy person?

Anwers rated in 2 sub-samples on different response 
scales:

Sample A: 5-step verbal response scale
    -  very happy
    -  happy
    -  neither happy nor unhappy
    -  not that happy
    -  unhappy

Sample B: 11 step numerical scale
    10  very happy
     :
    0   very unhappy
Remarks
Samples A and B obtained by split-half and hence 
otherwise identical

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=83.3
% happy
- on scale A: score 'happy'or very happy 83,3%
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-aD%=94.7
- on scale B: score 6 or more           94,7%
              score 7 or more           89,0%

Using these cut-off points, the % happy is lower 
on the 5 step verbal scale


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2012
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5556

Correlate
Author's labelHappy on different scale types
Page in Source 13,14
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Answers to same question on happiness:  
To what extend do you consider yourself a happy person?
Responses scored on 3 different scales:
A: 10 step numerical scale
        1: completely unhappy
          :
     10: completely happy
B: 11 step numerical scale
       0: completely unhappy
         :
     10: completely happy
C: 11 step numerical scale with midpoint
       0: completely unhappy
         :
       5: neither unhappy or happy
          :
     10: completely happy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-bD%=
% happy (score 7 or more)
- on scale A: 87%
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-caD%=
- on scale B: 87%
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-cbD%=
- on scale C: 85%

No significant difference in % happy on scales A,B 
and C
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-bDM=
Average scores
- on scale A: 7.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-caDM=
- on scale B: 7.7
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-ab
- on scale C: overflow!

No significant difference in average on scale A, B 
and C

Scale C takes slightly more reaction time, and is 
judged least easy by respondents


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent happiness
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days 
or weeks?
0  very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is followed by the following question: 
How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
Observed distributionM= 7,16 SD= 1,84

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cDM=+ p < .05
Current happiness M = 7,16  SD= 1,84
General happiness M = 7,41  SD= 1,39
difference           +0,25
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cd=.32
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.55 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent hapiness
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days 
or weeks?
0  very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is followed by the following question: 
How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
Observed distributionM= 7,48 SD= 1,70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cDM=+ p < .10
Current happiness M = 7,48
General happiness M = 7,71
difference           +0,23


GH: M= 7,71 SD= 1,41
Difference: +0,23
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cd=.24
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.24 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyBernow (1985): study SE 1982
TitleLivskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
SourceStockholm Läns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bernow_r_1982.pdf
Public18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1558

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 89
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
All in all, how much happiness do you find in life 
today....?
1  almost none
2  some but not very much
3  a good deal
Remarks
Same question answered at the beginning and at the end 
of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-ar=+.57


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Three-pt. happiness_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taken all together, how would you say things are these 
days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.57
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.63
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.55
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.39
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.50
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.71
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
- O-DT asked first: r=+.68
- O-DT asked last : r=+.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-HL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_B
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-HL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.49
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.63
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.79 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.54 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1989
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLife-satisfaction
Page in Source 7
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Taking your life as a whole, are you 
1. very satisfied
2. quite satisfied
3. more satisfied than discontented
4. more disconted than satisfied
5. quite dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.67
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 99/1-3
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.68 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.51 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 411, 415
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you 
say you are?
1  very unhappy
2  somewhat unhappy
3  a little unhappy
4  evenly balanced
5  a little happy
6  somewhat happy
7  very happy
Observed distributionMean: 5.85 SD: 1.22 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Error Estimatesretest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.82 p < .01
Life-satisfaction by happiness (average scores in 
three waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 54
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you 
say you are?
1  very unhappy
2  somewhat unhappy
3  a little unhappy
4  evenly balanced
5  a little happy
6  somewhat happy
7  very happy
Observed distributionM = 5.4, SD. = 1.4
Remarks
O-HL by O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.73 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.82 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.58 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelPresent happiness
Page in Source 255
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Self report on single question on 'Present happiness'
Full text not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.54 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelhappiness
Page in Source 426
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single question:
"How happy are you at present  ?"
1: very unhappy
2: unhappy
3: neither happy/nor unhappy
4: happy
5: very happy
Observed distributionN: All:4606; %:1:0,7; 2:3,1; 3:31,4; 4:44,3; 5:20,5
Remarks
happiness measure type O-HL/c/sq/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.66 p < .00
1: Ms=0,96
2: Ms=3,10
3: Ms=6,46
4: Ms=8,24
5: Ms=9,49
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.72 p < .00
1: Ms=1,13
2: Ms=3,04
3: Ms=5,89
4: Ms=7.94
5: Ms=9,51


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in Source 400
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your life at present?
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: all:1478, 1:12, 2:69, 3:238, 4:783, 5:376
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.72 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.66
 2: Mt=3.80
 3: Mt=6.14
 4: Mt=7.96
 5: Mt=9.53
All Mt=7.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.68 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.93
 2: Mt=4.13
 3: Mt=5.48
 4: Mt=6.86
 5: Mt=8.71
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelhappiness
Page in Source 402
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single question:
How happy are you at present?
1: very unhappy
2: unhappy
3: neither happy nor unhappy
4: happy
5: very happy
Observed distributionN: all:1479, 1:8, 2:31. 3:500, 4:687, 5:253
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.61 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.56
 2: Mt=2.74
 3: Mt=6.63
 4: Mt=8.25
 5: Mt=9.45
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.68 p < .00
 1: Mt=0.94
 2: Mt=2.58
 3: Mt=6.16
 4: Mt=7.94
 5: Mt=9.40
All Mt=7.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in Source 424
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you with your life at present ?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: 4611; %: 1:1,0; 2:6,8; 3:15,3; 4:48,5; 5:28,5
Remarks
happiness measure type O-Slu/c/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.76 p < .00
1: Ms=1.63
2: Ms=4.16
3: Ms=5.94
4: Ms=7.86
5: Ms=9.55
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.72 p < .00
1: Ms=1.90
2: Ms=4.31
3: Ms=5.28
4: Ms=6.98
5: Ms=8.85


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAbdel-Khalek & Lester (2018): study EG 2012
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Religiosity: Significant Associations among College Students from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
SourceInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 2018, online, 1 - 7
URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/17542863.2017.1381132
PublicUniversity students in Alexandria, Egypt 2012
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 3
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
To what degree do you feel satisfied with your life in 
general?
10 maximum
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 minimum

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.57 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 737/41
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.78 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.51 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.74 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.50 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyClement (1980): study FR 1975 /2
TitleDe la Variation de Quelques Traits de Personalité en Fonction, notamment, de l'Age, du Sexe et du Niveau Intellectuel. (The Variation of Certain Personality Traits in Relation to Age, Sex, and Intelligent Level).
SourcePsychologie Francaise, 1980, Vol. 25, 95 - 113
PublicAdult women, France, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1893

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction
Page in Source 102
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Place a cross on the line below, on the spot you 
estimate that corresponds best with your state.
1 |  I am not very satisfied
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 |  I am not too satisfied
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 | I am very satisfied

Scoring: rated on an open horizontal line scale divided 
afterwards in 9 sections.
Remarks
Happiness measure tupe O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-ar=+.50 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelRetrospective Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you 
are?
0  extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
-    don't know
-    no answer

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.75 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.85 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.67 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.76 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.54 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Life satisfaction)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?"

Ratings:
1   very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5  neutral
6
7
8
9
10  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-11-br=+.81
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.78
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Subjective happiness)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"In general terms, how happy do you feel with your 
life?"
Ratings:
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  very unhappy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.64
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.81
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ccr=+.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyWell-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 20
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Self reported on a 0-10 scale.
Question: All things considered, how satisfied are you 
with your life as-a-whole these days?
0:  completely dissatisfied
.
.
10: completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-er=+.76 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.81 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.58 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Self rating on single question:
All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied 
are you overall with your life as a whole these days?

Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ]  completely satisfied
[    ] 
[    ]
[    ]
[    ]
[    ]
[    ]
[    ]  
[    ]
[    ]
[  0 ]  completely dissatisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-3-ar=+35


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 563/8
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.81 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.55 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyPichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleDeterminants of Work-Life Balance: Shortcomings in the Contemporary Measurement of WLB in Large-Scale Surveys.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 449 - 469
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9297-5
PublicEmployed in paid work, 26 European nations, 2004-05
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =16860

Correlate
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in Source 463, 464
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on question: 
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
Observed distributionM=5,56; SD=2,47

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.68 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ars=+.67 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyGarhammer (2002): study ZZ Developed nations 1999
TitlePace of Life and Enjoyment of Life.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2002, Vol. 3, 217 - 256
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1020676100938
Public16+ aged, general public, 16 modern nations, 1996-1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =240000

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 234
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.86
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE life-satisfaction in 
16 developed nations


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyGundelach & Kreiner (2004): study ZZ Western Europe 1999
TitleHappiness and Life Satisfaction in Advanced European Countries.
SourceCross-Cultural Research, 2004, Vol. 38, 359 - 386
DOIDOI: n10.1177/1069397104267483
Public18 + aged, general public, 9 nations in Western Europe, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10517

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 368
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy 
3  quite happy 
2  not very happy 
1  not at all happy.
Remarks
happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aGs=+.71
Gs controlled for:
- country of residence
- perceived control
- living in a stable relationship or not
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
life as-a-whole now.....?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.59
EC -only


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAhmadyar (2016): study NL 2016
TitleDo the determinants of happiness differ between immigrants and home-stayers? A comparison between Afghansin the Netherlands and Afghanistan
SourceMaster thesis Msc Program in Urban Management and Development, Erasmus university Rotterdam
Public+18 aged Afghan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2016
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =141

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants Life satisfaction
Page in Source 34
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
All things considered, how satisfied are you 
with life as a whole nowadays? 
Scale:
1- Extremely dissatisfied
2-
3-
4-
5-
6-
7-
8-
9-
10- Extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aR²=.44 p < .05
The more satisfied, the happier.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudySikkel (1981): study NL 1977
TitleIs Tevreden ook Gelukkig? (Is Contented also Happy?)
SourceSociaal Cultureel Kwartaalbericht, 1981, Vol. 2, Central Bureau for Statistics, The Hague, Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3900

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (affective dimension)
Page in Source 72-78
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
To what extend do you consider yourself a happy 
person....?
5  very happy
4  happy
3  neither happy nor unhappy
2  not very happy
1  unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HP
Happy (5): 29% ; Not happy (4+3+2+1): 66%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.45
Happy/dissatisfied combination slightly more 
frequent among females: unhappy/satisfied among 
males

Happy/dissatisfied combination not more frequent 
among young well-educated, and unhappy/satisfied 
not more frequent among elderly low educated

Dissociation (either happy/dissatisfied or 
unhappy/satisfied) most frequent among the 
educated


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study PH 1979 /1
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Phillippines, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 447/51
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.62 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 633
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5   very satisfied
4   quite satisfied
3   more satisfied than discontented
2   more discontented than satisfied
1   quite dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.53 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAbdel-Khalek & Lester (2018): study GB 2012
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Religiosity: Significant Associations among College Students from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
SourceInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 2018, online, 1 - 7
URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/17542863.2017.1381132
PublicUniversity students, Leicester, UK, 2012
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 3
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
self report on single question: To what degree do you 
feel happy in general?

0 - minimum score
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 - maximum score

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ir=+.65 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyBBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 5
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
life as-a-whole these days?
1   not satisfied at all
.
.
10  completely satisfied
Observed distributionM=7,06; SD=1,94
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gtb=+.42 p < .000
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=+
1: M=4,69 CI95=3,41-5,98
2: M=4,96 CI95=4,37-5,54
3: M=7,04 CI95=6,91-7,16
4: M=8,30 CI95=8,17-8,44
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gBMCT= p < .05
4 > 1,2,3
3 > 1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study GB 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =987

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 621/5
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied       (HAPP 2.1
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.88 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.64 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyWarr et al. (1979): study GB 1977
TitleScales for the Measurement of Social Work Attitudes and Aspects of Psychological.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology, 1979, Vol. 52, 129 - 148
PublicFactory workers, blue collar, UK, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =590

Correlate
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in Source 140
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Finally, will you consider some other aspects of your 
life at the present moment, and indicate how satisfied  
you feel about each in turn....... Taking everything 
together, your life-as-a-whole- these  days.......?
1  I'm extremely dissatisfied
2  I'm very dissatisfied
3  I'm moderately dissatisfied
4  I'm not sure
5  I'm moderately satisfied
6  I'm very satisfied
7  I'm extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.51 p < .01
controlled for age   rpc=+.51
controlled for skill rpc=+.51
 


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyCheung & Lucas (2014): study US Washington 2010
TitleAssessing the Validity of Single-Item Life Satisfaction Measures: Results from Three Large Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2014, Vol. 23, 2809 - 2818.
URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-014-0726-4
DOIdoi:10.1007/sll 136-014-0726-4
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington, U.S.A., 2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13064

Correlate
Author's labelhappy
Page in Source 2814
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'All things considered, 
would you say you are . . . .  ' ,
5 very happy
4
3
2
1 not happy at all.
Remarks
In the original very happy was coded 1 and not happy at 
all 5, was reversed by the W.D.H.team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-ddr=+.67 p < .05
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-er=+.67 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyCheung & Lucas (2014): study US Oregon 2010
TitleAssessing the Validity of Single-Item Life Satisfaction Measures: Results from Three Large Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2014, Vol. 23, 2809 - 2818.
URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-014-0726-4
DOIdoi:10.1007/sll 136-014-0726-4
Public18+ aged, general public, Oregon, U.S.A., 2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2277

Correlate
Author's labelhappy
Page in Source 2814
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'All things considered, 
would you say you are . . . .  ' ,
5 very happy
4
3
2
1 not happy at all.
Remarks
In the original very happy was coded 1 and not happy at 
all 5. Reversed by the W.D.H.team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-ddr=+.72 p < .05
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-er=+.70 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyEstwing-Ferrans & Powers (1992): study US 1987
TitlePsychometric Assessment of the Quality of Life Index.
SourceResearch in Nursing & Health, 1992, Vol. 15, 29 - 38
PublicRenal patients, USA 199?
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response54%
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with your happiness in general.
Page in Source 35
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your happiness in general? 
Rated: very dissatisfied(1) to very satisfied(6)
Remarks
It is not clear if this score is weighted with its 
importance by the individual.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.79


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyBaker et al. (2005): study US 1986
TitleProductive Activities and Subjective Well-Being among Older Adults: The Influence of Number of Activities and Time Commitment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 73, 431 - 458
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6
Public60+ aged, USA, followed 3 years 1986-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1279

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 443
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied

Code O-SLW/c/sq/v/3..
Observed distributionM = 5,6, SD = 1,50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.53 p < .05
T2 happiness by T2 lifestatisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAdams (1997): study US 1980
TitleA Paradox in African American Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 205 - 219
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006806601848
PublicBlack Americans, USA, followed from 1980 to 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseT1: 32%; T2: 19%; T3: 17%; T4:17%
Respondents N =623

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 215
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How happy are you these days? 
Response options not reported
Observed distributionGeneral Life Satisfaction: Happiness T1: M=3.08; N=620; T1: M=2.19; N=615 T2: M=3.20; N=613; T2: M=2.07; N=616 T3: M=3.24; N=621; T3: M=2.09; N=619 T4: M=3.21; N=621; T4: M=2.07; N=617
Error EstimatesOvertime correlation: T1-T2: r=+.34; T1-T3: r=+.24; T1-T4: r=+.29
Remarks
Assessed at: T1:1980; T2:1987; T3:1989; T4:1992

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-br=+.41 p < .00
T1:1980
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-br=+.49 p < .00
T2:1988
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-br=+.41 p < .00
T3:1989
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-br=+.44 p < .00
T4:1992


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyLeisure Development Cen (1980): study US 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1127

Correlate
Author's labelPresent life satisfaction
Page in Source 679/83
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Overall, how satisfied are you 
with your present life?"
1. very dissatisfied
2. fairly dissatisfied
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4. fairly satisfied
5. very satisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.83 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etb=+.60 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness_A
Page in Source 358
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general, how happy would you say you are these 
days.....?
7  extremely happy
6  very happy
5  pretty happy
4  not too happy
3  a bit unhappy
2  pretty unhappy
1  very unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.40 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
Page in Source 358
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question :
How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7   completely satisfied
6   very satisfied
5   satisfied
4   satisfied/dissatisfied
3   dissatisfied
2   very dissatisfied
1   completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.62 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.40 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.57
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.63
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.55
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.39
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.50
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.71
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
- O-DT asked first: r=+.68
- O-DT asked last : r=+.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible 

This question was asked twice. The interval was about 8 
to 12 minutes.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked twice during the interview, at the beginning and 
at the end of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aamr=+.55
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.59
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-bmr=+.71
O-DT asked first: r=+.68
O-DT asked last : r=+.74
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.77
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=+.45
O-DT asked first: r=+.44
O-DT asked last : r=+.45
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-amr=+.65
O-DT asked first: r=+.64
O-DT asked last : r=+.66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.70
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.50
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.53
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_I
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general, how satisfying do you find the way you're 
spending your life these days? Would you call it:
3 Completely satisfying
2 Pretty satisfying
1 Not very satisfying

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.55
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_B
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.49
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.63
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-SL

StudyCampbell et al. (1976): study US 1971
TitleThe Quality of American Life. Perceptions, Evaluations, and Satisfactions.
SourceRussel Sage Foundation, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =2164

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 34
Our classificationO-HL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
Taking all together, how happy would you say you are? 
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyShmotkin & Hadari (1996): study IL 1991
TitleAn Outlook on Subjective Well-Being in Older Israeli Adults: A Unified Formulation.
SourceThe International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1996, Vol. 42, 271 - 289
Public60+ aged, Israel, 1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelDelighted-Terrible Scale
Page in Source 284
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Self report on sngle question "How do you feel about 
your life as a whole…..?"
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cr=+.53 p < .0001
Reconciled aging


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyDiener et al. (2002a): study ZZ World samples 1980
TitleLooking Up and Looking Down: Weighting Good and Bad Information in Life Satisfaction Judgments.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2002, Vol. 28, 437 - 445
DOIDOI:10.1177/0146167202287002
PublicCollege students, 31 nations, 1980's
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13113

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 440
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it 
as....:?"
1  very unhappy
2
 |   unhappy
3
4  an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
 |  happy
6
7  very happy
-  no opinion

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.37 p < .001
Beta controled for satisfaction with: 
- health
- finances
- family
- friends
- recreation
- self
- education


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
O-DT asked thrice during the interview: at the 
beginning, in the middle and at the end

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aamr=-.47
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=-.50
O-DT asked second: r=-.50
O-DT asked third : r=-.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" 
(original version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked thrice during the interview: at the beginning, in 
the middle and at the end

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-bmr=+.63
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first : r=+.70
O-DT asked second: r=+.70
O-DT asked third : r=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Three-pt. happiness_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taken all together, how would you say things are these 
days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.47
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end
Correlations with O-HL (asked once).
O-DT asked first : r=+.50
O-DT asked second: r=+.50
O-DT asked third : r=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.57
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.63
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.55
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.39
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.50
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.71
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
- O-DT asked first: r=+.68
- O-DT asked last : r=+.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible 

This question was asked twice. The interval was about 8 
to 12 minutes.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked twice during the interview, at the beginning and 
at the end of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aamr=+.55
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.59
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-bmr=+.71
O-DT asked first: r=+.68
O-DT asked last : r=+.74
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.77
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=+.45
O-DT asked first: r=+.44
O-DT asked last : r=+.45
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-amr=+.65
O-DT asked first: r=+.64
O-DT asked last : r=+.66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.70
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.50
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.53
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Our classificationO-HL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taken all together, how would you say things are these 
days? Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-QOL

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of life
Page in Source 411, 415
Our classificationO-HL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

In general my present quality of life is:
1  as bad as it could possibly be
2
3
4  neither good nor bad
5
6
7  as good as it could possibly be

Response options labeled as:  +3 (as good as it could 
possibly be), 0 (neither good nor bad) and -3  (as bad 
as it could possibly be).
Observed distributionMean: 5.72 SD: 1.04 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Error EstimatesRetest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.85 p < .01
Life-satisfaction by satisfaction with overall 
quality of life (average scores in three waves, 
2005, 2006 and 2007)
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.80 p < .01
Happiness by satisfaction with overall quality of 
life (average scores in three waves, 2005, 2006 
and 2007).


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-QOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelperceived quality of life
Page in Source 420
Our classificationO-HL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How is the quality of your life at present ?(in your 
understanding of the word)
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4601; %: 1:0,9; 2:4,7; 3:17,4; 4:50,6; 5:26,6
Remarks
As a happiness measure this question correlates highly 
with other happiness measures

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.68 p < .00
1: Ms=2.13
2: Ms=3.85
3: Ms=6.05
4: Ms=7.94
5: Ms=9.33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.74 p < .00
1: Ms=1.44
2: Ms=3.04
3: Ms=5.50
4: Ms=7.61
5: Ms=9.26
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.68 p < .00
1: Ms=2.44
2: Ms=4.10
3: Ms=5.26
4: Ms=7.04
5: Ms=8.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-QOL

StudyNIPO (1949): study NL 1948
TitleWat de Mensen Gelukkig Maakt. (The Things that Contribute to Happiness).
SourceDe Publieke Opinie, 1949, Vol. 3, 3 - 4
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~NIPO_1949.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, The Netherlands, 1948
Sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =500

Correlate
Author's labelHaving a good life
Page in Source 3
Our classificationO-HL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How is your life?
1  bad
2  fair
3  good
-  no answer
Observed distribution1: 6%, 2: 61%, 3: 15%
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-QOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.54 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelCLAS
Page in Source 408, 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on five questions:

A  I am very content with my life
B  Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C  When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not 
meeting my aspirations*
D  I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything 
that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1  strongly disagree
.
.
7  strongly agree
* reversed keyed item
Observed distributionMean: 4.44 SD: 1.26 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Contentment with Life Assesment Scale (CLAS). Lavalle 
et al. (2007) Social Indicators Research 83(2), 201-244

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.75 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.74 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.73 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSWB
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
SWB is a 4-item index of Subjective Wellbeing 
calculated by combining scores of four single-item 
measures (satisfaction with life as a whole, with 
quality of life, with one's standard of living, and 
happiness).
Observed distributionMean: 5.70 SD: 1.01 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.92 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.90 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.94 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyPhilips Nederland (1966): study NL 1964
TitleDe Nederlandse Huisvrouw. (The Dutch Houswife.)
SourceNIPO assigned by Philips Nederland, 1966, Eindhoven, Netherlands
PublicHousewives, The Netherlands, 1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =450

Correlate
Author's labelHaving a good life
Page in Source 66
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Closed question: other answers (less than good) / good 
/ very good.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.29


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Three-pt. happiness_F
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 3-point scale: "Taking all 
things together, how would you say things are these 
days - would you say you're very happy, pretty happy, 
or not too happy these days?"
Rated on a 3-point scale ranging from very happy ((3), 
pretty happy (2) not too happy (1). (HAP 1.1)
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Seven-pt. happiness _D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point scale: "How do you 
feel about how happy you are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a graphic scale: "Here are 
some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of 
different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to 
represent a person who has all the good things in his 
life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a 
person who has all the bad things in his life. Other 
circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes 
closest to matching your life?"
Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from a 8-plus-circle 
(8) to a 8-minus-circle (0).
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life_F
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a graphic scale: "Here are 
some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of 
different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to 
represent a person who has all the good things in his 
life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a 
person who has all the bad things in his life. Other 
circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes 
closest to matching your life?"
Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from a 8-plus-circle 
(8) to a 8-minus-circle (0).
Remarks
happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.57
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.63
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.55
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.39
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.50
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.71
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
- O-DT asked first: r=+.68
- O-DT asked last : r=+.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling warm about life
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question : 
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling 
thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30 
40
50
60
70
80
90
100  very warm, positive
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.50
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-SLV (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2013
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands,2013
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =970

Correlate
Author's labelClassification of the 1-10 scale for life satisfaction
Page in Source 20
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Same question on life satisfaction rated on two 
different response scales
A  5-step verbal scale (O-SSL-c-sq-v-5-d)
     -  extraordinary satisfied
     - very satisfied
     - satisfied
     - fairly satisfied
     - not very satisfied
B 10 completely satisfied
     :
     1 completely dissatisfied

B serves as correlate in this analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-atc=+.59 p < .00
1 to 4 Not satisfied
5,6    Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
7,8    Satisfied
9,10   Very satisfied


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2012 /2
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7641

Correlate
Author's labelResponse scale: life satisfaction
Page in Source 9
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Answers to same question on live satisfaction: 
To what extend do you consider yourself a satisfied  
person?

Answers rated in 2 sub-samples on different response 
scales:

Sample A: 5-step verbal response scale
    -  exceptionally satisfied
    -  very satisfied
    -  satisfied
    -  fairly satisfied
    -  not that satisfied
Sample B: 11 step numerical scale
    10  completely satisfied
     :
    0   completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Samples A and B obtained by splitt-half and hence 
otherwise identical.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=83.0
% satisfied
- on scale A: score satisfied or more 83.0%
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-aD%=93.1
% satisfied
- on scale B: score 6 or more        93.1%
              score 7 or more        85.1%
Using these cut-off points, the % satisfied is 
lower on the 5 step verbal scale.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyVanBeuningen et al. (2014): study NL 2012
TitleMeasuring Well-Being. An Analysis of Different Response Scales.
SourceDiscussion Paper 2014/03,, Statistics Netherlands, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5556

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction on different scale types
Page in Source 13,14
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Answers to same question on life satisfaction scored on 
different response scales:  
To what extend do you consider yourself to lead a 
satisfied live?
A: 10 step numerical scale
     1: completely dissatisfied
        :
   10: completely satisfied
B: 11 step numerical scale
       0: completely dissatisfied
         :
      10: completely satisfied
C: 11 step numerical scale with midpoint
        0: completely dissatisfied
          :
        5: neither dissatisfied or satisfied
          :
     10: completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aD%=
% life satisfaction (score 7 or more)
- on scale A: 85%
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-aaD%=
- on scale B: 85%
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-abD%=
- on scale C: 83%

No significant difference in % life satisfaction 
on scale A, B and C.
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM=
Average scores
- on scale A: 7.65
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-aaDM=
- on scale B: 7.56
O-SLL-c-sq-n-11-abDM=
- on scale C: 7.56


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyCaycho-Rodríguez et al. (2018): study PE Trujillo, La Libertad 2017
TitlePsychometric Evidence of the Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale in Peruvian Elderly
SourceRevista Ciencias de la Salud Bogotá, 2018, Vol.16, 73 - 91
URLhttp://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S1692-72732018000300473&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
PublicElderly, Peru, 2017
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelation among the Diener's SWLS- items
Page in Source 480
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
The conditions of my life are excellent
1  strongly disagree
2  agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
4  disagree
5  strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-dr=.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyBernow (1985): study SE 1982
TitleLivskvaliteten i Sverige. (Quality of Life in Sweden).
SourceStockholm Läns Landsting, 1985, Stockholm, Sweden
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bernow_r_1982.pdf
Public18-70 aged, general public, Sweden, 1982
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1558

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 89
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
All in all, how much happiness do you find in life 
today....?
1  almost none
2  some but not very much
3  a good deal
Remarks
Same question answered at the beginning and at the end 
of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sqt-v-7-ar=+.57


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_D
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general how satisfying do you find the way you are 
spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3  completely satisfying
2  pretty satisfying
1  not very satisfying
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_A
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-SL

StudyHadaway (1978): study US 1971
TitleLife Satisfaction and Religion: A Reanalysis.
SourceSocial Forces, 1978, Vol. 57, 636 - 643
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2164

Correlate
Author's labelTotal life satisfaction
Page in Source 640
Our classificationO-SL by O-SL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-br=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /3
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1118

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_B
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.56


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.57
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.63
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.55
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.39
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.50
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.71
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
- O-DT asked first: r=+.68
- O-DT asked last : r=+.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible 

This question was asked twice. The interval was about 8 
to 12 minutes.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked twice during the interview, at the beginning and 
at the end of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aamr=+.55
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.59
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-bmr=+.71
O-DT asked first: r=+.68
O-DT asked last : r=+.74
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.77
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=+.45
O-DT asked first: r=+.44
O-DT asked last : r=+.45
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-amr=+.65
O-DT asked first: r=+.64
O-DT asked last : r=+.66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.70
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.50
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.53
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_F
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.70
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-SL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.64
O-DT asked last : r=+.66


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_G
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general how satisfying do you find the way you are 
spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3  completely satisfying
2  pretty satisfying
1  not very satisfying
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.53
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-SL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.50
O-DT asked last : r=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-QOL

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of life
Page in Source 411, 415
Our classificationO-SL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

In general my present quality of life is:
1  as bad as it could possibly be
2
3
4  neither good nor bad
5
6
7  as good as it could possibly be

Response options labeled as:  +3 (as good as it could 
possibly be), 0 (neither good nor bad) and -3  (as bad 
as it could possibly be).
Observed distributionMean: 5.72 SD: 1.04 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Error EstimatesRetest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.85 p < .01
Life-satisfaction by satisfaction with overall 
quality of life (average scores in three waves, 
2005, 2006 and 2007)
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.80 p < .01
Happiness by satisfaction with overall quality of 
life (average scores in three waves, 2005, 2006 
and 2007).


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-QOL

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of Life
Page in Source 54
Our classificationO-SL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your overall quality of 
life?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.3, SD. = 1.3
Remarks
O-SL by O-QOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.71 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.66 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-QOL

StudyAlfaro et al. (2016): study CL 2011
TitlePropiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en los Estudiantes (SLSS) de Huebner en Niños y Niñas de 10 a 12 años de Chile.
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 382 - 392
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/294871337_Propiedades_psicometricas_de_la_Escala_de_Satisfaccion_con_la_Vida_en_los_Estudiantes_SLSS_de_Huebner_en_ninos_y_ninas_de_10_a_12_anos_de_Chile
DOIDOI: 10.6018/analesps.32.2.217441
Public10-12 aged, Santiago Valparaiso Concepcion, Chile, 201?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1096

Correlate
Author's labelSLLS- item 4 by item 1
Page in Source 37
Our classificationO-SL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Self report on single question
My life is going well
1 Strongly disagree
2
3
4
5 Strongly agree
Observed distributionM=3.35 Sd= .87
Remarks
Item 4 in Student Life Satisfaction Scale SLSS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-QOL

StudyAlfaro et al. (2016): study CL 2011
TitlePropiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en los Estudiantes (SLSS) de Huebner en Niños y Niñas de 10 a 12 años de Chile.
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 382 - 392
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/294871337_Propiedades_psicometricas_de_la_Escala_de_Satisfaccion_con_la_Vida_en_los_Estudiantes_SLSS_de_Huebner_en_ninos_y_ninas_de_10_a_12_anos_de_Chile
DOIDOI: 10.6018/analesps.32.2.217441
Public10-12 aged, Santiago Valparaiso Concepcion, Chile, 201?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1096

Correlate
Author's labelSLSS- item 2 by item 4
Page in Source 37
Our classificationO-SL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Self report on single question
My life is going well
1 strongly disagree
2
3
4
5 strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 2.90 SD = 1.42
Remarks
Item 4 in Student Life Satisfaction Scale SLSS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-W-u-sq-n-5-abr=+.63


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-QOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelperceived quality of life
Page in Source 420
Our classificationO-SL by O-QOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How is the quality of your life at present ?(in your 
understanding of the word)
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4601; %: 1:0,9; 2:4,7; 3:17,4; 4:50,6; 5:26,6
Remarks
As a happiness measure this question correlates highly 
with other happiness measures

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.68 p < .00
1: Ms=2.13
2: Ms=3.85
3: Ms=6.05
4: Ms=7.94
5: Ms=9.33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.74 p < .00
1: Ms=1.44
2: Ms=3.04
3: Ms=5.50
4: Ms=7.61
5: Ms=9.26
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.68 p < .00
1: Ms=2.44
2: Ms=4.10
3: Ms=5.26
4: Ms=7.04
5: Ms=8.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelCLAS
Page in Source 408, 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on five questions:

A  I am very content with my life
B  Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C  When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not 
meeting my aspirations*
D  I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything 
that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1  strongly disagree
.
.
7  strongly agree
* reversed keyed item
Observed distributionMean: 4.44 SD: 1.26 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Contentment with Life Assesment Scale (CLAS). Lavalle 
et al. (2007) Social Indicators Research 83(2), 201-244

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.75 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.74 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.73 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSWB
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
SWB is a 4-item index of Subjective Wellbeing 
calculated by combining scores of four single-item 
measures (satisfaction with life as a whole, with 
quality of life, with one's standard of living, and 
happiness).
Observed distributionMean: 5.70 SD: 1.01 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.92 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.90 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.94 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyAlfaro et al. (2016): study CL 2011
TitlePropiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en los Estudiantes (SLSS) de Huebner en Niños y Niñas de 10 a 12 años de Chile.
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 382 - 392
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/294871337_Propiedades_psicometricas_de_la_Escala_de_Satisfaccion_con_la_Vida_en_los_Estudiantes_SLSS_de_Huebner_en_ninos_y_ninas_de_10_a_12_anos_de_Chile
DOIDOI: 10.6018/analesps.32.2.217441
Public10-12 aged, Santiago Valparaiso Concepcion, Chile, 201?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1096

Correlate
Author's labelSLSS - item 4 by item 5
Page in Source 37
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Self report on single question
My life is just right
1 stringly disagree
2
3
4
5 strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 3.35 SD = .87
Remarks
Item 2 in Student Life Satisfaction Scale SLSS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-n-5-cbr=+.68


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyCaycho-Rodríguez et al. (2018): study PE Trujillo, La Libertad 2017
TitlePsychometric Evidence of the Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale in Peruvian Elderly
SourceRevista Ciencias de la Salud Bogotá, 2018, Vol.16, 73 - 91
URLhttp://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S1692-72732018000300473&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
PublicElderly, Peru, 2017
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelation among the Diener's SWLS- items
Page in Source 480
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
'I am satisfied with my life'
1  strongly disagree
2  agree
3  neither agree not disagree
4  disagree
5  strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-v-5-ar=.76


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyCaycho-Rodríguez et al. (2018): study PE Trujillo, La Libertad 2017
TitlePsychometric Evidence of the Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale in Peruvian Elderly
SourceRevista Ciencias de la Salud Bogotá, 2018, Vol.16, 73 - 91
URLhttp://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S1692-72732018000300473&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
PublicElderly, Peru, 2017
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelation among the Diener's SWLS- items
Page in Source 480
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
The conditions of my life are excellent
1  strongly disagree
2  agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
4  disagree
5  strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-v-5-ar=.78


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyCaycho-Rodríguez et al. (2018): study PE Trujillo, La Libertad 2017
TitlePsychometric Evidence of the Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale in Peruvian Elderly
SourceRevista Ciencias de la Salud Bogotá, 2018, Vol.16, 73 - 91
URLhttp://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S1692-72732018000300473&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
PublicElderly, Peru, 2017
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelation among the Diener's SWLS- items
Page in Source 480
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
'I am satisfied with my life'
1  strongly disagree
2  agree
3  neither agree not disagree
4  disagree
5  strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-RA-h-sq-v-5-br=.79


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyCaycho-Rodríguez et al. (2018): study PE Trujillo, La Libertad 2017
TitlePsychometric Evidence of the Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale in Peruvian Elderly
SourceRevista Ciencias de la Salud Bogotá, 2018, Vol.16, 73 - 91
URLhttp://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S1692-72732018000300473&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
PublicElderly, Peru, 2017
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelation among the Diener's SWLS- items
Page in Source 480
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
The conditions of my life are excellent
1  strongly disagree
2  agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
4  disagree
5  strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-RA-h-sq-v-5-br=.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /3
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1118

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_A
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling warm about life
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question : 
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling 
thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30 
40
50
60
70
80
90
100  very warm, positive
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.50
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-SLV (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_E
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.47


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_H
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general how satisfying do you find the way you are 
spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3  completely satisfying
2  pretty satisfying
1  not very satisfying
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by O-further

StudyHadaway (1978): study US 1971
TitleLife Satisfaction and Religion: A Reanalysis.
SourceSocial Forces, 1978, Vol. 57, 636 - 643
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2164

Correlate
Author's labelIndex of well-being
Page in Source 640
Our classificationO-SL by O-further
Operationalization
The index of well-being is a composite scale composed 
of nine life satisfaction items including an overall 
satisfaction with life question and eight items which 
asked the individual to rate his life on a continuum 
between two opposites
Remarks
Happiness measure type O

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-br=+.67 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.91 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-DT

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, 1978-1981
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =31

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life-as-a-whole
Page in Source 27
Our classificationO-DT by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question asked twice: How do you 
feel about your life as a whole?; scored on the 1-9 D-T 
scale
Remarks
only 23 of 31 respondents interviewed were available 
for scores of the survey

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-fi-v-9-ar=+.43 p < .05
Self-rating (from survey) by coder(1)-rating (from 
interview) both on the same 1-9 D-T scale
O-DT-u-fi-v-9-ar=+.33 ns
Self-rating (from survey) by coder(2)-rating (from 
interview) both on the same 1-9 D-T scale


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-DT

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelGlobal life satisfaction
Page in Source 233
Our classificationO-DT by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your life as a whole right now?
1.Terrible
.
.
7.Delighted.
Observed distributionM= 4.15; SD= 1.48
Remarks
Michalos' version of Delighted-Terrible scale, time 
frame present

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.58 p < .01
Original version (Andrews & Withey) by adjusted 
version (Michalos)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-DT

StudyGoodhart (1985): study US 1983
TitleSome Psychological Effects Associated with Positive and Negative Thinking about Stressful Event Outcomes: Was Pollyanna Right?
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 48, 216 - 232
PublicStudents in stress, followed 8 weeks, Illinois, USA, 1983
Sample
Non-Response1.7% dropout
Respondents N =173

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 227
Our classificationO-DT by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale'  
(original version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Assessed at T1 and T2; 
T1: right after induction of salience
    of positive or negative thinking
T2: 8 weeks later

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-arpc=+.55 p < .001
T1 happiness by T2 happiness controlled for T1 
stress.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Life 3
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-DT by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.93
Question asked asked twice: 
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.92
at the end       of the interview: r=+.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-DT

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelDelighted Terrible life
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-DT by O-DT
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, asked twice in 
interview: 
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked twice during the interview. The interval was 
about 8 to 12 minutes. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Test-retest correlation: r=+.71.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.71


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, 1978-1981
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =31

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life-as-a-whole
Page in Source 27
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question asked twice: How do you 
feel about your life as a whole?; scored on the 1-9 D-T 
scale
Remarks
only 23 of 31 respondents interviewed were available 
for scores of the survey

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-fi-v-9-ar=+.43 p < .05
Self-rating (from survey) by coder(1)-rating (from 
interview) both on the same 1-9 D-T scale
O-DT-u-fi-v-9-ar=+.33 ns
Self-rating (from survey) by coder(2)-rating (from 
interview) both on the same 1-9 D-T scale


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral Affect
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'How would you describe your 
life in general?', rated on a 7-point scale, ranging 
from (1) Enjoyable to (7)
(order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.58    (01)
T2: 1979     r= +.51    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.63    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the 
lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses 
in it, to represent a person who has all the good 
things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, 
to represent a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you 
think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - - 
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-Further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.52
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.49
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.51
at the end       of the interview: r=+.46
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.59


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelInterviewer rating of life satisfaction
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Rating by interviewer of how respondent feels about 
life as a whole.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/
mostly satisfied/ pleased/ delighted
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.45
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.53
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.53
at the endof the interview:        r=+.52
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.57
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life_A
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the 
lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses 
in it, to represent a person who has all the good 
things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, 
to represent a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you 
think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - - 
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.47
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
Correlations with O-GBB (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.50
O-Dt asked third : r=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness_F
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, asked trice in 
interview: 
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-amr=+.47
Correlation with O-GBB (asked once)
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.50
O-DT asked third : r=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Seven-pt. happiness_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.67
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
Correlations with O-HL (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=+.70
O-DT asked second: r=+.70
O-DT asked third : r=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible 

This question was asked twice. The interval was about 8 
to 12 minutes.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked twice during the interview, at the beginning and 
at the end of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aamr=+.55
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.59
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-bmr=+.71
O-DT asked first: r=+.68
O-DT asked last : r=+.74
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.77
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=+.45
O-DT asked first: r=+.44
O-DT asked last : r=+.45
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-amr=+.65
O-DT asked first: r=+.64
O-DT asked last : r=+.66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.70
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.50
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.53
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling warm about life
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-DT by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question : 
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling 
thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30 
40
50
60
70
80
90
100  very warm, positive
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.50
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-SLV (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-open

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, 1978-1981
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =31

Correlate
Author's labelIn-depth interview
Page in Source 25
Our classificationO-DT by O-open
Operationalization
In-depths interview by a qualified psychologist 
involving open questions and probes about various 
topics, such as activities, friendships, sources of 
self-fullfiment and life-satisfaction. Transcripts of 
the interviews were then scored by two coders, who were 
unaware of the surveys results. 

The coders scored life-satisfaction using the 1-9 
Delighted-Terrible scale
Remarks
only 23 of 31 respondents interviewed were available 
for scores of the survey

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.43 p < .05
Self-rating (from survey) by coder(1)-rating (from 
interview) both on the same 1-9 D-T scale
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.33 ns
Self-rating (from survey) by coder(2)-rating (from 
interview) both on the same 1-9 D-T scale


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by O-open

StudyLangeveld et al. (1999): study NL 1997
TitleDo Experienced Stress and Trait Negative Affecivity Moderate the Relationship between Headache and Quality Adolescents?
SourceJournal of Pediatric Psychology, 1999, Vol. 24, 1 - 11
DOIDOI:10.1093/jpepsy/24.1.1
Public12-18 aged headache patients, The Netherlands, 1997
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =64

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological function
Page in Source 6
Our classificationO-DT by O-open
Operationalization
Students who reported four time a day on a 5 point 
Likert scale
0: no headache
1: headache I am only aware of it
2: Headache I can ignore it
3: Headache I can't ignore it but can do usely 
activities
4: Headache It's diffelcult to conncetrate me
5: Hedache I can't do anything

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-ol-101-ar=-.74 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-QOL by O further

StudyAlfaro et al. (2016): study CL 2011
TitlePropiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en los Estudiantes (SLSS) de Huebner en Niños y Niñas de 10 a 12 años de Chile.
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 382 - 392
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/294871337_Propiedades_psicometricas_de_la_Escala_de_Satisfaccion_con_la_Vida_en_los_Estudiantes_SLSS_de_Huebner_en_ninos_y_ninas_de_10_a_12_anos_de_Chile
DOIDOI: 10.6018/analesps.32.2.217441
Public10-12 aged, Santiago Valparaiso Concepcion, Chile, 201?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1096

Correlate
Author's labelSLSS-item 5 by item 1
Page in Source 37
Our classificationO-QOL by O further
Operationalization
Self report on single question
My life is just right
1 Strongly disagree
2
3
4
5 Strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 2.90 SD = 1.42
Remarks
Item 5 in Student Life Satisfaction Scale SLSS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.63


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by O-further

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelCLAS
Page in Source 408, 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-further by O-further
Operationalization
Selfreport on five questions:

A  I am very content with my life
B  Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C  When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not 
meeting my aspirations*
D  I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything 
that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1  strongly disagree
.
.
7  strongly agree
* reversed keyed item
Observed distributionMean: 4.44 SD: 1.26 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Contentment with Life Assesment Scale (CLAS). Lavalle 
et al. (2007) Social Indicators Research 83(2), 201-244

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.75 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.74 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.73 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by O-further

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSWB
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-further by O-further
Operationalization
SWB is a 4-item index of Subjective Wellbeing 
calculated by combining scores of four single-item 
measures (satisfaction with life as a whole, with 
quality of life, with one's standard of living, and 
happiness).
Observed distributionMean: 5.70 SD: 1.01 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.92 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.90 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.94 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by O-further

StudyCaycho-Rodríguez et al. (2018): study PE Trujillo, La Libertad 2017
TitlePsychometric Evidence of the Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale in Peruvian Elderly
SourceRevista Ciencias de la Salud Bogotá, 2018, Vol.16, 73 - 91
URLhttp://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S1692-72732018000300473&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
PublicElderly, Peru, 2017
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelation among the Diener's SWLS- items
Page in Source 480
Our classificationO-further by O-further
Operationalization
So far I have gotten the important things I want in my 
life
1. Completely disagree
2.
3.
4.
5. Completely agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-v-5-ar=.76


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Seven-pt. happiness_F
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by O-further
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point scale: "How do you 
feel about how happy you are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by O-further

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelInterviewer rating of life satisfaction
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-further by O-further
Operationalization
Rating by interviewer of how respondent feels about 
life as a whole.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/
mostly satisfied/ pleased/ delighted
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.45
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.53
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.53
at the endof the interview:        r=+.52
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.57
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level

StudyVeenhoven (2008b): study ZZ 1995
TitleComparability of Happiness accross Nations.
SourceSchool of Sociology and Social Work Journal no.104, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2008, Kobe, Japan.
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/14883
PublicAdults, general public, 98 nations, 2000s
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =150000

Correlate
Author's label1990s mood (Affect Balance scale)
Page in Source 224
Our classificationOverall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level
Operationalization
Current mood
Remarks
States of nations

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.72
Average life-satisfactyion by average mood   
(A-AB)in 39 nations
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level

StudyVanHemert et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1974
TitleThe Beck Depression Inventory as a Measure of Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Study.
SourceJournal of Happiness Study, 2002, Vol. 3, 257 - 286
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1020601806080
PublicAdults, general public, 30 countries, 1974-1999
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =44098

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 65
Our classificationOverall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level
Operationalization
Bradburn's(1965) Affect Balance Scale
Selfreport on 10 questions: 

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?" 
(yes/no) 
A Particularly exited or interested in something? 
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? 
C Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done? 
D Very lonely or remote from other people? 
E Pleased about having accomplished something? 
F Bored? 
G On top of the world? 
H Depressed or very unhappy? 
I That things were going your way? 
J Upset because someone criticized you? 

Answer options and scoring: 
yes = 1 
no = 0 
Summation: 
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I 
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J 
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---sq-vt-11-ar=+.64 p < .01
Average happiness by average score on Affect 
Balance in 19 countries.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level

StudyLewis & Joseph (1996a): study GB 1993
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with Measures of Happiness and Satisfaction with Life.
SourcePsychological Reoports, 1995, Vol. 76, 876 - 878
PublicStudents, Northern Ireland, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =63

Correlate
Author's labelhappiness
Our classificationOverall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taken all together, how would you say things are these 
days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.43 p < .001
Affect Balance (McGreal) by 3-step happiness 
(Gallup)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelhappiness
Page in Source 402
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How happy are you at present?
1: very unhappy
2: unhappy
3: neither happy nor unhappy
4: happy
5: very happy
Observed distributionN: all:1479, 1:8, 2:31. 3:500, 4:687, 5:253
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.61 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.56
 2: Mt=2.74
 3: Mt=6.63
 4: Mt=8.25
 5: Mt=9.45
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.68 p < .00
 1: Mt=0.94
 2: Mt=2.58
 3: Mt=6.16
 4: Mt=7.94
 5: Mt=9.40
All Mt=7.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelself-experienced well-being
Page in Source 398
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How are you feeling at present ?
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1483, 1:11, 2:57, 3:204, 4:708, 5:503
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.72 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.00
 2: Mt=3.11
 3: Mt=5.50
 4: Mt=7.34
 5: Mt=8.96
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.61 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=3.95
 3: Mt=5.46
 4: Mt=6.74
 5: Mt=8.25
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling good
Page in Source 422
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How are you feeling at present ?
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/not
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4613; %:1:0,7; 2:4,6; 3:14,3; 4:45,3; 5:35,1
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL/m/sq/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.76 p < .00
1: Ms=1.21
2: Ms=3.24
3: Ms=5.04
4: Ms=7.36
5: Ms=9.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.66 p < .00
1: Ms=1.44
2: Ms=4.11
3: Ms=5.24
4: Ms=6.83
5: Ms=8.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelhappiness
Page in Source 426
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
"How happy are you at present  ?"
1: very unhappy
2: unhappy
3: neither happy/nor unhappy
4: happy
5: very happy
Observed distributionN: All:4606; %:1:0,7; 2:3,1; 3:31,4; 4:44,3; 5:20,5
Remarks
happiness measure type O-HL/c/sq/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.66 p < .00
1: Ms=0,96
2: Ms=3,10
3: Ms=6,46
4: Ms=8,24
5: Ms=9,49
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.72 p < .00
1: Ms=1,13
2: Ms=3,04
3: Ms=5,89
4: Ms=7.94
5: Ms=9,51


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelEMS-Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Average happiness of the moment assessed using 
experience sampling. Participants received 6 calls on 
their mobile phone every day during 4 weeks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.44 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of happiness by 
average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.37 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of life-satisfaction 
by average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.3- p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of Affect Balance by 
average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-br=+.84 p < .01
Average daily mood assessed using a happiness 
diary (DRM) by average daily mood assessed using 
Experience sampling (ESM)

ESM and DRM assessed at the same days


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelDRM-Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Average mood during particular daily, recorded each day 
during 6 weeks
Remarks
At the end of each day during 6 weeks participants 
completed an online questionaire on what they had done 
during the day and how happy they had felt during each 
of these activities.
Web application of the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM 
Kahneman et al 2004)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.38 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of happiness by 
average of moods during particular daily 
activities
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+,32 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of life-satisfaction 
by average of mood during particular activities
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+24 p < .01
Retrospective affect-balance by average of moods 
during particular activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelMood
Page in Source 372
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single closed question: 
How is your mood these days....?
4  very good all the time
3
2
1  not good almost all the time
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.77


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelMood
Page in Source 373
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single closed question: 
How is your mood these days....?
4  very good all the time
3
2
1  not good almost all the time
Remarks
Happpiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.71


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyBrenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =916

Correlate
Author's labelUsual affect
Page in Source 324
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general how would you say you feel most of the time? 
Would you say:
5 very good spirits
4 fairly good spirits
3 neither good spirits nor low spirits
2 fairly low spirits
1 very low spirits
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.75 p < .001
When enjoying life and feeling downcast or 
dejected are kept constant: Gs = +.64 (001)

Unaffected by sex, age and educational level


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AOL

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelUsual mood
Page in Source 64/71/75/.
Our classificationO-HL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general how would you say you feel most of the time? 
Would you say:
5 very good spirits
4 fairly good spirits
3 neither good spirits nor low spirits
2 fairly low spirits
1 very low spirits
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.28
After control for:
- having fun in life, and frequency of low 
  mood                              : Gs = +.62
- having fun in life                : Gs = +.68
- frequency of low mood             : Gs = +.74
- tending to be a discouraged person: Gs = +.73
- tending to be a lonely person     : Gs = +.72
- anxiety symptom                   : Gs = +.77

Unaffected by sex.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV=+.39 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelRetrospective Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you 
are?
0  extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
-    don't know
-    no answer

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.75 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Subjective happiness)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"In general terms, how happy do you feel with your 
life?"
Ratings:
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  very unhappy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.64
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.81
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ccr=+.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 210
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happines measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
France
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.13
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.18
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.16
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
Netherlands
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14
Denmark
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
Belgium
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.13
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.16
Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=<.10
Northern Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14
EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.45
EC (stratified sample)
-Positive Affect  r=+.31
-Negative Affect  r=-.31

ß's controlled for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1); satisfaction with 
health,income and family life; age, income, 
education, marital status, male sex, having 
children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, 
own home, religiousness, social participation; 
uncertainty about future, expected negative 
changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past 
and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, 
hopeless about life and sense of control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's label3-step happiness
Page in Source 34
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taken all together, how would you say things are these 
days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.54 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyBaptista et al. (2016): study PT 2015
TitleWhat are People saying when they report they are Happy or Life Satisfied?
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 803 - 809
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
DOIdoi: 10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
Public18+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2015
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =409

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 806
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

.. happiness last month ... (full question not 
reported)
10 extremely happy (+ happy face)
9
8
7
6
5  neutral (+ neutral face)
4
3
2
1
0  extremely unhappy (+ unhappy face
Remarks
WDH code: O-HL-cm--sq-f-11-a

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cm-sq-l-11-ar=+.77 p < .001
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-fr=+.57 p < .001
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-fBeta=+.38 p < .001
Beta controlled for subjective well-being 
(Satisfaction With life Scale)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 10-13
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): AC+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +4

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adjusted 
version 'exited/interested' item dropped)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.52 p < .01
Index of Positive Affects: G' = +.19 (01)
Index of Negative Affects: G' = -.54 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
DOIDOI:10.1016/SO191-8869(02)00078-8
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelHappy
Page in Source 928
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taking all together, how would you say things are these 
days? Would you say you are .....?
3   very happy
2   pretty happy
1   not too happy
Observed distribution Mean SD males 2.13 0.58 females 2.04 0.52
Remarks
This question is named'Gurin Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.45 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2001
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
DOIDOI:10.1016/SO191-8869(02)00078-8
PublicStudents. London, UK, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance Scale
Page in Source 925.928
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, 
did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Observed distributionPositive Affect Scale M=0.83 Negative Affect Scale M=0.81
Remarks
Cronbach alpha: PA: .46, NA:.49, ABS: .48

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.45 p < .001
PA: r = +.44 (001)
NA: r = -.23 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyHarding (1982): study GB 1975
TitlePsychological Well-Being in Great Britain: An Evaluation of the Bradburn Affect Balance Scale.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1982, Vol. 3, 167 -175
DOIDOI:10.1016/0191-8869(82)90031-9
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, Great-Britain, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =932

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (O-HL by A-AB)
Page in Source 173
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How happy are you currently.....?
1  very happy
2  pretty happy
3  not too happy
Remarks
happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.41
Positive Affect r=+.25                           
Negative Affect r=-.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyPayne (1974): study GB 1972
TitleN.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
SourceM.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK
PublicEmployed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample
Non-Response4% incomplete.
Respondents N =192

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological well- being
Page in Source 17
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 13 questions:
During the past four weeks have you ever felt....?" 
(yes/no)
A   Pleased about having accomplished something.
B   Things going my way.
C   Proud because someone complimented me on something 
I  
     had done.
D  Particularly excited or interested in something I 
had done.
E  On top of the world.
F  A deep sense of joy.
G  Pleased because my life feels orderly and secure.
H  Bored.
I    Very lonely and remote from other people.
J   Jealous of somebody.
K   Angry with someone.
L   Disappointed in myself..
M  Unhappy about the small number of times I have 
pleasant  
     feelings and experiences.

Answer options: 
0  no
    yes
If yes: How often did you feel so?
5   every day
4   several times a week
3   once a week
2   2 or 3 times a month
1   once a month

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to G
- Negative  Affect Score (NAS): Average H to M
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: +42 tot -30

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified 
version)
Remarks
happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+
Index of Positive Affects: G = +.06
Index of Negative AFfects: G = -.22


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Three-pt. happiness_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taken all together, how would you say things are these 
days?   Would you say that you are....?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
Index of positive affects: r=-.40
Index of negative affects: r=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyBrenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =916

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of affect_A
Page in Source 328
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:

Please tell me how often you have felt this way during 
the past week ....?"
A   I enjoyed life
B   I felt depressed

Answer options:
1  really none of the time
2  some or a little of the time
3  occasionally or a moderate amount of the time
4  most of the time

Summation: average scores on A and B

Name: Brenner's `Enjoyed/Depressed Scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.61 p < .001
Unaffected by sex, age and educational level


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.57
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.63
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.55
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.39
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.50
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.71
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-HL (asked once):
- O-DT asked first: r=+.68
- O-DT asked last : r=+.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.50
Index of positive affects: r=+.39
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.47
Index of positive affects: r=+.36
Index of negative affects: r=-.30
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.43
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
Index of positive affects: r=+.26
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.32
Index of positive affects: r=+.25
Index of negative affects: r=-.20
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyMoriwaki (1974): study US 1971
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale: A Validity Study with Aged Samples.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 73 - 78
Public60+ aged, psychiatric cases and controls, Los Angeles, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance
Page in Source 76
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
Looking at your present life situation, have you 
felt....?"
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited, or interested in something?
B   So restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from people?
E    Pleased about having accomplished something?
F    Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed?
I     That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone critized you?  

Response options scoring
- yes = 1
- no  = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores B,D,F,H,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's ' Affect Balance Scale' (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.40 ns
Computed for normal controls only (N=19)

Index of Positive Affects: G = +.49 (05)
Index of Negative Affects: G = -.20 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyChiriboga & Lowenthal (1971): study US 1969
TitlePsychological Correlates of Perceived Well-being.
SourceProceedings of the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, 1971, Vol. 6, 603 - 604
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance
Page in Source 603
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A  very lonely
B  restless
C  bored
D  depressed
E  on top of the world
F  exited or interested
G  pleased about accomplishment
H  proud

Answer options:
1  never
2  once
3  several times
4  often

Summation:
-Positive  Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr=+.18 p < .05
Index of Positive Affects: r > +.18 (05)
Index of Negative Affects: r > -.18 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyLewis (1972): study US 1967
TitleActual and Perceived Age Differences in Self-Concept and Psychological Well-Being for Catholic Sisters.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1972, USA
Public24-75 aged Catholic sisters, Eastern USA. 196?
Sample
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =183

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological well- being
Page in Source 66
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.76 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyAlexander (1969): study US 1964
TitleSome Sociological Aspects of Psychological Well-Being in a Schizofrenic Population: Social Class, Participation and Work.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1969, USA
PublicSchizophrenic males non-hospitalized, Monroe County, New York, USA, 1964-65
Sample
Non-Response28%, most of them patients'or family member refusal
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance
Page in Source 49-53/84
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
We are interested in how people are feeling these days. 
The following items describe some of the ways people 
feel at different times. Please indicate how often you 
felt each way during the last week
A   Pleased about having accomplished something.
B   That things were going my way.
C   Proud because someone complimented me on something 
I  
     had done.
D  Particularly excited or interested in something I 
had done.
E  On top of the world.
F  Upset because someone criticized you
G  So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H  Bored
I    Very lonely or remote from other people
J   Depressed or very unhappy

Answer options: 
0  not at all
1  once
2  several times
3 often

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to E
- Negative  Affect Score (NAS): Average F to J
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -25 to +25

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=+.39 p < .001
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.56
When all "pretty happy" Ss were deleted: G = +.89

Index of Positive Affects: _c = +.30;   G = +.42
Index of Negative Affects: _c = -.29;   G = -.42
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aad=+.34
When happiness is used as a dependent variable
    positive affect: d = +.24
    negative affect: d = -.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB
Data T1. Results T3 similar.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.45 p < .05
Index of Positive Affects: G= +.34  (05)
Index of Negative Affects: G= -.33  (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyPhillips (1967a): study US NewHampshire 1962
TitleSocial Participation and Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1967, Vol. 72, 479 - 488
Public21+ aged, general public, New Hampshire, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 483
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.55 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by A-AB

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelRelative balance of posit. and negative feelings(aff.balan.)
Page in Source 18-20
Our classificationO-HL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 9 questions:
We are interested in the way people are feeling these 
days. The following list describes some of the ways 
people feel at different times. Please indicate how 
often you felt each way during the last week.
How often last week did you feel .....?
A  On the top of the world
B  Very lonely or remote from other people
C  Particularly excited or interested in something
D  Depressed or very unhappy
E   Pleased about having accomplished something
F   Bored
G  Proud because someone complimented you on something  

     you had done
H  So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I    Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0  not at all
1  once
2  several times
3  often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, 
G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, 
H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range:  -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.50 p < .01
Index of Positive Affects:  G' = +.38 (01)
Stronger among males
Index of Negative Affects:  G' = -.49 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HP by A-CA

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1974
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2029

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 244
Our classificationO-HP by A-CA
Operationalization
When somebody should say about you: "This person is 
very happy"; is he right or wrong?
3 right
2 fifty - fifty
1 wrong
0 difficult to say
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HP

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.48 p < .01
all
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.22 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.40 p < .01
assistent-labourors
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.17 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.30 p < .01
craftsmen
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.13 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.57 p < .01
independent labourors
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.24 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.67 p < .01
managers
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.30 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.70 p < .01
independent people
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.36 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.48 p < .01
landowners
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.22 p < .01
                                    
Stating to be happy in spite of unhappy appearance 
is rather exeptional (7%), the reverse more common 
(38%). 

The discrepancy between appearance and statement
is greatest in the manual profession.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in Source 400
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your life at present?
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: all:1478, 1:12, 2:69, 3:238, 4:783, 5:376
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-Slu

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.72 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.66
 2: Mt=3.80
 3: Mt=6.14
 4: Mt=7.96
 5: Mt=9.53
All Mt=7.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.68 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.93
 2: Mt=4.13
 3: Mt=5.48
 4: Mt=6.86
 5: Mt=8.71
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in Source 424
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you with your life at present ?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: 4611; %: 1:1,0; 2:6,8; 3:15,3; 4:48,5; 5:28,5
Remarks
happiness measure type O-Slu/c/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.76 p < .00
1: Ms=1.63
2: Ms=4.16
3: Ms=5.94
4: Ms=7.86
5: Ms=9.55
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.72 p < .00
1: Ms=1.90
2: Ms=4.31
3: Ms=5.28
4: Ms=6.98
5: Ms=8.85


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelself-experienced well-being
Page in Source 398
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How are you feeling at present ?
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1483, 1:11, 2:57, 3:204, 4:708, 5:503
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.72 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.00
 2: Mt=3.11
 3: Mt=5.50
 4: Mt=7.34
 5: Mt=8.96
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.61 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=3.95
 3: Mt=5.46
 4: Mt=6.74
 5: Mt=8.25
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling good
Page in Source 422
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How are you feeling at present ?
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/not
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4613; %:1:0,7; 2:4,6; 3:14,3; 4:45,3; 5:35,1
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL/m/sq/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.76 p < .00
1: Ms=1.21
2: Ms=3.24
3: Ms=5.04
4: Ms=7.36
5: Ms=9.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.66 p < .00
1: Ms=1.44
2: Ms=4.11
3: Ms=5.24
4: Ms=6.83
5: Ms=8.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyKainulainen et al. (2018): study FI 2012 /1
TitleLife-Satisfaction is More a Matter of Feeling Well Than Having What You Want. Tests of Veenhoven's Theory
SourceInternational Journal of Happiness and Development, 2018, Vol. 4, 209 - 235
URLhttps://econpapers.repec.org/article/idsijhdev/v_3a4_3ay_3a2018_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a209-235.htm
Public20-64 aged, Finland, 2012
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =1883

Correlate
Author's labelAffect
Page in Source 10,14-20
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Does life these days mostly give you a pleasant or 
unpleasant feeling?"
10 mostly pleasant.
.
.
.
0 mostly unpleasant
Observed distributionM=6.93; SD=1.79

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.74 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab=+.69 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aR²=.55 p < .001
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ab=+.49 p < .001
b controlled for:
- contentment
C-W-h-sq-n-11-br=+.64 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyKainulainen et al. (2018): study FI 2012
TitleLife-Satisfaction is More a Matter of Feeling Well Than Having What You Want. Tests of Veenhoven's Theory
SourceInternational Journal of Happiness and Development, 2018, Vol. 4, 209 - 235
URLhttps://econpapers.repec.org/article/idsijhdev/v_3a4_3ay_3a2018_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a209-235.htm
Public20-64 aged, Finland, 2016
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1890

Correlate
Author's labelAffect
Page in Source 10,14-20
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Does life these days mostly give you a pleasant or 
unpleasant feeling?"
10 mostly pleasant.
.
.
.
0 mostly unpleasant
Observed distributionM=7,91; SD=1,33

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-acR²=+.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-acr=+.68
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-acb=+.52
b controlled for:
- contentment
C-W-h-sq-n-11-cb=+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelEMS-Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Average happiness of the moment assessed using 
experience sampling. Participants received 6 calls on 
their mobile phone every day during 4 weeks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.44 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of happiness by 
average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.37 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of life-satisfaction 
by average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.3- p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of Affect Balance by 
average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-br=+.84 p < .01
Average daily mood assessed using a happiness 
diary (DRM) by average daily mood assessed using 
Experience sampling (ESM)

ESM and DRM assessed at the same days


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelDRM-Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Average mood during particular daily, recorded each day 
during 6 weeks
Remarks
At the end of each day during 6 weeks participants 
completed an online questionaire on what they had done 
during the day and how happy they had felt during each 
of these activities.
Web application of the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM 
Kahneman et al 2004)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.38 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of happiness by 
average of moods during particular daily 
activities
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+,32 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of life-satisfaction 
by average of mood during particular activities
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+24 p < .01
Retrospective affect-balance by average of moods 
during particular activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AOL

StudyKross et al. (2013): study US 2008
TitleFacebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults.
SourceOpen Access, 2013, Plos One, Vol. 8, 1 - 7
URLhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
DOIDOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
PublicFacebook users, Ann Arbor, Michigan, followed 14 days, USA, 2013
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelPre/Post life satisfaction
Page in Source Page 3
Our classificationO-SL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Below are five statements that you may agree or 
disagree with. Using the 1 - 7 scale below, indicate 
your agreement with each item by placing the 
appropriate number on the line preceding that item. 
Please be open and honest in your responding.

_ In most ways my life is close to my ideal. 
_ The conditions of my life are excellent.
_ I am satisfied with my life.
_ So far I have gotten the important things I want in 
life.
_ If I could live my life over, I would change almost 
nothing.
	
7 - Strongly agree 
	6 - Agree 
	5 - Slightly agree 
	4 - Neither agree nor disagree 
	3 - Slightly disagree 
	2 - Disagree 
	1 - Strongly disagree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-ar=+.55 p < .001
T1 life satisfaction by T1-T2; average mood.
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-ar=+.66 p < .001
T1-T2 average happiness in the moment by T2 life 
satisfaction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelRetrospective Life-satisfaction
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
life as a whole nowadays?
0  extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
-    don't know
-   no answer

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.47 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyKnabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008
TitleDissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
SourceCESIFO Working Paper, no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_2604.html
PublicFulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelNet effect
Page in Source 14
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfrating of feeling during activities in previous day

Respondents listed activities of the previous day in a 
standard diary and next rated how the had felt during 
each of these activities on the following aspects:
A  Letgargic, dull
B  Enjoying myself
C  Insecure, anxious
D  Happy
E  Frustrated, anoyed
F  Relaxed
G  Stressed
H  Comfortable, at ease

Each rated:
0  not at all
.
.
10 very much

Computation: (B+D+F+H) - (A+C+E+G)

Name: Day Reconstruction Method (DRM), Net Affect
Observed distributionM= O-SL:5,88 A-AB:4,23
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbr=+.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelPANAS
Page in Source 127
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 20 questions:
This scale consists of a number of words that describe 
different feelings and emotions. Read each item and 
mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that 
word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during 
the past year?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely 

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

1: positive affect (PANAS+)
2: negative affect (PANAS-)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.12 ns
Positive affect
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.17 p < .01
Negative affect

Beta's controlled for:
Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - satisfaction with health
Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudySuh et al. (1998): study ZZ World samples 1995
TitleThe Shifting Basis of Life Satisfaction Judgments across Cultures: Emotions versus Norms.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 74, 482 - 493
PublicCollege students, 40 countries, 1995-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response2.34
Respondents N =6780

Correlate
Author's labelemotional experience
Page in Source 487
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions:
Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each 
of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to 
accurately reflect how much of the time when you are 
awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time 
during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A  fear
B  affection
C  anger
D  joy
E  sadness
F  guilt
G  contentment
H  pride

1  never
2  slight amount (rare)
3  some of the time
4  about half the time
5  much of the time
6  almost always
7  always

Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H)

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.46 p < .00
Nepal            r = +.07
Guam             r = +.17
Slovenia         r = +.24
Turkey           r = +.28
China            r = +.29
Ghana            r = +.32
Nigeria          r = +.33
Zimbabwe         r = +.34
Argentina        r = +.38
Greece           r = +.39
India            r = +.39
Indonesia        r = +.39
Bahrain          r = +.40
Brazil           r = +.40
Denmark          r = +.43
Germany          r = +.45
South Korea      r = +.45
Pakistan         r = +.46
Portugal         r = +.46
Thailand         r = +.46
Estonia          r = +.47
Japan            r = +.47
The Netherlands  r = +.47
Lithuania        r = +.48
Spain            r = +.48
Hungary          r = +.49
Peru             r = +.49
Colombia         r = +.50
Singapore        r = +.50
Italy            r = +.53
Taiwan           r = +.55
Australia        r = +.57
Hong Kong        r = +.57
South Africa     r = +.60
Finland          r = +.63
Austria          r = +.64
Norway           r = +.64
United States    r = +.64
Puerto Rico      r = +.68
Egypt            r = +.74

The correlations in collectivist societies ranged 
around .30 or less. In individualist nations this 
figure is around .60.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyVeenhoven (2001): study ZZ 1990
TitleAre the Russians as Unhappy as They Say They Are? Comparability of Self-Reports Across Nations.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2001, Vol. 2, 111 - 136
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8772
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1011587828593
PublicAdults, general public, 41 nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =50000

Correlate
Author's labelMood level
Page in Source 126
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Remarks
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Average life satisfaction by mood level in 1990 in 
40 nations
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudySuh et al. (1998): study ZZ 1990
TitleThe Shifting Basis of Life Satisfaction Judgments across Cultures: Emotions versus Norms.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 74, 482 - 493
Public16+ aged, general public, 43 nations 1990-93
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response.11
Respondents N =55666

Correlate
Author's labelEmotional experience
Page in Source 485-6
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-10-amr=+.41 p < .00
Nigeria          r = +.20
India            r = +.22
Turkey           r = +.30
Switzerland      r = +.31
Russia           r = +.31
Japan            r = +.32
Spain            r = +.34
Lithuania        r = +.35
Brazil           r = +.36
Mexico           r = +.38
Czechoslovakia   r = +.38
Romania          r = +.38
Latvia           r = +.38
Estonia          r = +.39
Northern Ireland r = +.40
Chile            r = +.40
Byelaris         r = +.40
Bulgaria         r = +.40
China            r = +.40
Britain          r = +.41
Norway           r = +.41
Argentina        r = +.41
Austria          r = +.41
Poland           r = +.43
Belgium          r = +.44
Hungary          r = +.44
East Germany     r = +.44
Slovenia         r = +.44
Portugal         r = +.44
France           r = +.45
Italy            r = +.45
Denmark          r = +.45
Canada           r = +.45
Iceland          r = +.47
The Netherlands  r = +.48
Ireland          r = +.48
United States    r = +.48
Sweden           r = +.48
South Africa     r = +.50
Finland          r = +.51
West Germany     r = +.57

Correlations are larger in the individualist than 
the collectivist nations (r=.52, p<.001)

Separate analysis of subscales (Positive Affect 
and Negative Affect) yields similar results


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 210
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happines measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
France
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.13
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.18
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.16
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
Netherlands
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14
Denmark
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.12
Belgium
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.13
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.16
Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=<.10
Northern Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14
EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.45
EC (stratified sample)
-Positive Affect  r=+.31
-Negative Affect  r=-.31

ß's controlled for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1); satisfaction with 
health,income and family life; age, income, 
education, marital status, male sex, having 
children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, 
own home, religiousness, social participation; 
uncertainty about future, expected negative 
changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past 
and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, 
hopeless about life and sense of control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelLife-as-a-whole
Page in Source 34
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Single direct question:
"How do you feel about your life as a whole?"
Rated on a 7-point delighted-terrible
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.66 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyHarding (1982): study GB 1975
TitlePsychological Well-Being in Great Britain: An Evaluation of the Bradburn Affect Balance Scale.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1982, Vol. 3, 167 -175
DOIDOI:10.1016/0191-8869(82)90031-9
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, Great-Britain, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =932

Correlate
Author's labelLife-satisfaction
Page in Source 173
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Self rating on single question:
All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied 
are you overall with your life as a whole these days?"
Rated on ladder scale
[10 ]  completely satisfied
[   ] 
[   ]
[   ]
[   ]
[   ]
[   ]
[   ]  
[   ]
[   ]
[ 0 ]  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.45
Positive Affect r=+.21                           
Negative Affect r=-.38             


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyOh et al. (2014): study US Michigan 2014
TitleHow Does Online Social Networking Enhance Life Satisfaction?The Relationships among Online Supportive Interaction, Affect, Perceived Social Support, Sense of Community, and Life Satisfaction
SourceComputers in Human Behavior, 2014, Vol. 30, 69 - 78
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.07.053
PublicInternet users, Michigan, USA, 2014
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =339

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in Source 74-75
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Affect was measured with the Positive and Negative 
Affect Schedule
(PANAS) scale supplemented 
by items that came out from a pretest through 
undergraduate students in a media research class. 
Students were 
asked to indicate other feelings they had after using 
social networking 
sites that were not listed in PANAS, which yielded 
thirteen 
items in total. Each item was measured with a 7-point 
scale ranging
from (1) definitely false to (7) definitely true.
Observed distributionWeekly positive affect M = 4,08 SD =0,04 weekly negative affect M = 2,47, Sd =1,01
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: Positive affect:: .86, negative affect ; .81
Remarks
PANAS: Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988
The exploratory
factor analysis with the Varimax rotation was performed 
to validate 
our measure. Thirteen items yielded a two-factor 
solution,
namely positive affect (weekly average = 4.08, SD = 
.04, a = .86)
and negative affect (weekly average = 2.47, SD = 1.01, 
a = 81).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-ar=+ s
Positive affect: r = + 30 (01)
Negative affect: r = -.04 (05)
correlation with affect Balance hencd positive and 
significant
O-Sum-u-mq-v-7-aBeta=+.
Positive affect: Beta = + 21 (001)
Negative affect: Beta =   ?? (ns)
correlation with affect Balance hencd positive 

Beta controlled for:
- number of social media friends
- supportive interaction
- sense of community
- companionship
- appraisal
- esteem
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyMcCrae & Costa (1991): study US Baltimore County, Maryland 1979
TitleAdding 'Liebe und Arbeit': The Full Five Factor Model and Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1991, Vol. 17, 227 - 232
PublicSingle males and couples Baltimore USA, followed 7 years, 1979-86
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =429

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance Score
Page in Source 22
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB
Assessed at T1(1979) and T2(1981)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.54 p < .01
T1 happiness (Delighted-Terrible) by T1 happiness 
(Affect Balance)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.59 p < .01
T2 happiness (Delighted-Terrible) by T2 happiness 
(Affect Balance


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.50
Index of positive affects: r=+.39
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.47
Index of positive affects: r=+.36
Index of negative affects: r=-.30
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.43
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
Index of positive affects: r=+.26
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.32
Index of positive affects: r=+.25
Index of negative affects: r=-.20
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_B
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.49
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.63
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole_C
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-SL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In general how satisfying do you find the way you are 
spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3  completely satisfying
2  pretty satisfying
1  not very satisfying
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AB

StudyDiener et al. (1991): study US 1989
TitleHappiness is the Frequency, not Intensity, of Positive versus Negative Affect.
SourceStrack, F.;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well-Being", Pergamon, 1991, Oxford, UK, 119 - 140
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicStudents , USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =107

Correlate
Author's labelMaximizer
Page in Source 219
Our classificationO-DT by A-AB
Operationalization
Experience Sampling Method at random moments and at the 
end of a day over 6 weeks

INTENSITY OF POSITIVE AFFECT
SUM OF ALL (pos.affect?pos.affect>neg.affect)/n

FREQUENCY OF POSITIVE AFFECT
SUM OF ALL (pos.affect?pos.affect>neg.affect)/n

HIGH FREQUENCY AND INTENSITY OF AFFECT: 
(frequency of positve affect x positive affect 
intensity) - (frequency of negative affect x negative 
affect intensity)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-ar=+.67
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.51
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.70


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AB

StudyMcCrae & Costa (1991): study US Baltimore County, Maryland 1979
TitleAdding 'Liebe und Arbeit': The Full Five Factor Model and Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1991, Vol. 17, 227 - 232
PublicSingle males and couples Baltimore USA, followed 7 years, 1979-86
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =429

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 22
Our classificationO-DT by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale'  
(original version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Assessed at T1(1979) and T2(1981).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.54 p < .01
T1 happiness (Affect Balance) by T1 happiness 
(Delighted-Terrible)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.59 p < .01
T2 happiness (Affect Balance) by T2 happiness 
(Delighted-Terrible)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" 
(original version)
Remarks
Happiness measuretype O-DT. O-DT asked thrice during 
the interview: at the beginning, in the middle and at 
the end

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=-.13
Corralations with Affect Balance (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=-.40
O-DT asked second: r=-.40
O-DT asked third : r=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Rated: 1) never felt' to 4 'felt a lot'

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.40
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
Correlations with A-AB (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.40
O-DT asked third : r=+.40

Index of positive affects:
O-DT asked first : r=+.30
O-DT asked second: r=+.40
O-DT asked third : r=+.40

Index of negative affects:
O_DT asked first : r=-.30O
O_DT asked second: r=-.30
O-DT asked third : r=-.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-DT by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.50
Index of positive affects: r=+.39
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.47
Index of positive affects: r=+.36
Index of negative affects: r=-.30
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.43
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
Index of positive affects: r=+.26
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.32
Index of positive affects: r=+.25
Index of negative affects: r=-.20
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-DT by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible 

This question was asked twice. The interval was about 8 
to 12 minutes.
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
Asked twice during the interview, at the beginning and 
at the end of the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aamr=+.55
O-DT asked first: r=+.55
O-DT asked last : r=+.54
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.59
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-bmr=+.71
O-DT asked first: r=+.68
O-DT asked last : r=+.74
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.77
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=+.45
O-DT asked first: r=+.44
O-DT asked last : r=+.45
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.48
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-amr=+.65
O-DT asked first: r=+.64
O-DT asked last : r=+.66
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.70
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.50
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.53
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-amr=+.50
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by A-AOL

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's label0-10 Happy Scale
Page in Source 69
Our classificationO-DT by A-AOL
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Use the list below to answer the following question: IN 
GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? 
Check the one statement that best describes your 
average happiness.
10  extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, 
fantastic!)
9    very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8    pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7    mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat 
cheerful)
6    slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5    slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4    mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3    pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2    very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1    extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely 
down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
Remarks
happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.58 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-QOL by A-AOL

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelperceived quality of life
Page in Source 420
Our classificationO-QOL by A-AOL
Operationalization
Single question:
How is the quality of your life at present ?(in your 
understanding of the word)
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4601; %: 1:0,9; 2:4,7; 3:17,4; 4:50,6; 5:26,6
Remarks
As a happiness measure this question correlates highly 
with other happiness measures

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.68 p < .00
1: Ms=2.13
2: Ms=3.85
3: Ms=6.05
4: Ms=7.94
5: Ms=9.33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.74 p < .00
1: Ms=1.44
2: Ms=3.04
3: Ms=5.50
4: Ms=7.61
5: Ms=9.26
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.68 p < .00
1: Ms=2.44
2: Ms=4.10
3: Ms=5.26
4: Ms=7.04
5: Ms=8.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyDiener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997
TitleVery Happy People.
SourcePsychological Science, 2002, Vol. 13, 81 - 84
DOIDOI::10.1111/1467-9280.00415
PublicUndergraduate students, US, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelExtremely happy or unhappy
Page in Source 81
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
1 10% least happy
2 27% close to average
3 10% most happy

Selelected in two stages.

Stage 1: Four happiness measures were administrated
- Satisfaction with Life scale
- Global self-reported affect balance
- Informant affect balance
- Daily affect balance
Scores were standardized and the z score for each 
individual were added. The highest and lowest 10% of 
standardized scores were selected on the basis of this 
distribution.

Stage 2: Three groups were filtered with a discriminant 
function with three measures to determine whether these 
group members remained the same with three other 
measures:
- Memory event recall balance
- Trait self-description
- Interview suicide measure
1 Ss from very happy was removed
Observed distributionN = 1: 24, 2: 60, 3: 22
Error EstimatesDiscriminant function in phase 2 predicted membership of the very happy group in 96%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-aDM=+
                           M      SD    
1 10% least happy         0.1    0.8   
2 27% close to average    1.8    0.5   
3 10% most happy          3.5    0.5
A-BD3-md-mqr-v-7-aDM=+
                           M      SD    
1 10% least unhappy       0.8    0.7   
2 27% close to average    1.9    0.7   
3 10% most happy          3.0    0.5

In the daily reports of mood, the members of the 
very happy group never reported their mood to be 
'ecstatic' or at the very top of the 10-point 
scale, but frequently assign their mood sa rating 
of 7 or 8 and often 9. Also the very happy were 
not always happy, all at least occasionally 
reported unhappiness or neutral moods.
A-BD3-g-rdv-v-7-aDM=+
                           M      SD    
1 10% least unhappy       0.3    0.7   
2 27% close to average    1.6    0.4   
3 10% most happy          3.7    0.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Rated: 1) never felt' to 4 'felt a lot'

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Remarks
Happiness measure typeA-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Rated: 1) never felt' to 4 'felt a lot'

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.50
Index of positive affects: r=-.40
Index of negative affects: r=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Seven-pt. happiness_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7  delighted 
6  pleased 
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3  mostly 
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Happines measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the 
lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses 
in it, to represent a person who has all the good 
things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, 
to represent a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you 
think comes closest to matching your life?
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - - 
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.50
Index of positive affects: r=+.39
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.47
Index of positive affects: r=+.36
Index of negative affects: r=-.30
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.43
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
Index of positive affects: r=+.26
Index of negative affects: r=-.31
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.32
Index of positive affects: r=+.25
Index of negative affects: r=-.20
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-AB

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling warm about life
Page in Source 85
Our classificationO-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question : 
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling 
thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30 
40
50
60
70
80
90
100  very warm, positive
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.47
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.41
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=+.50
O-DT twice during the interview with and interval 
of about 10 minutes
Correlation with O-SLV (asked once)
O-DT asked first: r=+.51
O-DT asked last : r=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by A-ARE

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelAvowed happiness
Page in Source 103
Our classificationO-further by A-ARE
Operationalization
Questionnaire items indicative of avowed happiness - 
unhappiness. 

Assessed two years earlier.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.67
Hedonic level (Elation-Depression Scale) scored 
each night for the highest, lowest and average of 
the day.

Mean daily highest mood : r = +.66
Mean daily average mood : r = +.67
Mean daily lowest  mood : r = +.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-open by A-CA

StudySchaefer & Bayley (1963): study US 1929 /1
TitleMaternal Behavior, Child Behavior and Their Intercorrelation.
SourceMonographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Serial no. 87, 1963, Vol. 28, 3 - 127
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/1165694.pdf
PublicGirls, followed from age 0 to 18, Berkely, California, USA, 1929-47
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =19

Correlate
Author's labelCheerfulness
Page in Source 39
Our classificationO-open by A-CA
Operationalization
Rating by four judges on the basis of notes on 
observations and interviews between age 12-18.

Ratings were made on two bi=polar 7 point adjective 
scales. Sumscore based on ratings of:
- gloomy
- not cheerfull
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-CA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-g-rc-v-7-ar=+.60 p < .05
Overall happiness assessed in the same vein.
Sumscore of ratings on the adjectives:
- discontented
- unhappy
- dissatisfied
- complaining


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-sum by A-AB

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelIndex of affect
Page in Source 34
Our classificationO-sum by A-AB
Operationalization
8 item index involving:
- 7-item semantic differential scale of
  life-characterisations
- single direct question on happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.74 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyHeadey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDoes Happiness Induce a Rosy Outlook?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.:"How Harmful is Happiness?", Universitaire Pers Rotterdam, 1989, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 106 - 127
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/89c-full.pdf
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T4: 31%
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelPercieved unfulfilled aspirations
Page in Source 118
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Two indentical indices consisting of four closed 
identical questions concerning the life the Ss 
expectated(1), aspired(2), deserved(3) and the actual 
present life(4), all rated on a 20 step ladder-scale. 
0: the worst possible life you could imagine, 20: the 
best possible life.
The score on question 4 was then subtracted from the 
mean of questions 1+2+3.
Indices assessed at 20 minutes intervals at T1(1981), 
T2(1983), T3(1985) and T4(1987). 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aBeta-L=-.06 ns
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT ON HAPPINESS of 
percieved unfulfilled aspirations (bottum-up).


O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aBeta-L=+.17 p < .05
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT OF HAPPINESS on 
percieved unfulfilled aspirations (top-down).

Effect assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4.     
Effects assumed to be identical at all times. 
ßL is the path-coefficient in a four wave LISREL 
model. T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and 
neuroticism are controlled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Psychological well-being operationalized as the 
respondents' degree of agreement to the following 
statements: 
1: I am often bored
2: I feel that life is worth living
3: I am happy most of the time
4: I feel lonely most of the time
5: I feel hopeless about the future
Rated:
1: strongly disagree
2:
3:
4:
5: strongly agree
Observed distribution1: M=3.04, SD=1.38 2: M=3.78, SD=1.11 3: M=3.93, SD=1.09 4: M=3.07, SD=1.39 5: M=3.71, SD=1.32
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha .72
Remarks
The coding for the psychological wellbeing
items was reversed so that a higher mean value would 
reflect better psychological
well-being.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=.+33 ns
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelAspirarion achievement discrepancies
Page in Source 153
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Perceived difference between what one has in life and 
what..
a other people have
b one deserves
c one needs
d one had in the past
e one will have in the future
f best possible
g one wants

Each rated on 7 step scale
1 much difference (great gap)
2
3
4
5
6
7 no difference (no gap)
Remarks
Core 'gaps' in Michalos' Multiple Discrepacies Theory 
MDT

Gap g self-wants is an indicator of happiness type C-W

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gR²=38
a: self-others    Beta = +.21 (05)
b: self-deserved  Beta =      (ns)
c: self-needs     Beta = +.14 (05)
d: self-progress  Beta =      (ns)
e: self-future    Beta =      (ns)
f: self-best      Beta =      (ns)
g: self-wants     Beta = +.36 (05)
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bR²=44
a: self-others    Beta = +.14 (05)
b: self-deserved  Beta =      (ns)
c: self-needs     Beta = +.20 (05)
d: self-progress  Beta =      (ns)
e: self-future    Beta =      (ns)
f: self-best      Beta = +.10 (05)
g: self-wants     Beta = +.34 (05)
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fR²=41
a: self-others    Beta = +.15 (05)
b: self-deserved  Beta =      (ns)
c: self-needs     Beta = +.19 (05)
d: self-progress  Beta =      (ns)
e: self-future    Beta =      (ns)
f: self-best      Beta = +.09 (05)
g: self-wants     Beta = +.33 (05)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bR²=47
a: self-others    Beta = +.14 (05)
b: self-deserved  Beta =      (ns)
c: self-needs     Beta = +.15 (05)
d: self-progress  Beta = +.10 (05)
e: self-future    Beta = -.07 (05)
f: self-best      Beta = +.22 (05)
g: self-wants     Beta = +.28 (05)
C-W-g-sq-v-7-aR²=49
a: self-others    Beta = +.26 (05)
b: self-deserved  Beta = +.18 (05)
c: self-needs     Beta = +.13 (05)
d: self-progress  Beta =      (ns)
e: self-future    Beta = +.08 (05)
f: self-best      Beta = +.21 (05)

Self-wants is dependent variable in this analysis

Beta's controled for:
- income
- other gaps


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf other
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and what others of the same sex and age have
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 5.25 SD: 1.10 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.63 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.66 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.72 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-deserve
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and deserve
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 4.72 SD: 1.08 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.57 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.59 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.60 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-need
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and need
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 4.90 SD: 1.16 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.61 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.63 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.66 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-progress
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and expected 3 years ago to have
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 4.59 SD: 1.17 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.59 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.61 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.60 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-future
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and expect to have in 5 years
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 4.76 SD: 0.98 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.34 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.40 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.42 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyAlfaro et al. (2016): study CL 2011
TitlePropiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en los Estudiantes (SLSS) de Huebner en Niños y Niñas de 10 a 12 años de Chile.
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 382 - 392
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/294871337_Propiedades_psicometricas_de_la_Escala_de_Satisfaccion_con_la_Vida_en_los_Estudiantes_SLSS_de_Huebner_en_ninos_y_ninas_de_10_a_12_anos_de_Chile
DOIDOI: 10.6018/analesps.32.2.217441
Public10-12 aged, Santiago Valparaiso Concepcion, Chile, 201?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1096

Correlate
Author's labelSLSS - item 2 by item 5
Page in Source 37
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Self report on single question
My life is just right
1 strongly disagree
2
3
4
5 strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 3.35 SD = .87
Remarks
Item 4 in Student Life Satisfaction Scale SLSS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-u-sq-n-5-cbr=+.61


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyHeinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000040788.12947.b9
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =3838

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life achievements
Page in Source 1352/1353
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Self report of satisfaction with
A.life achievements
B.economic situation
Observed distributionMales: M = 3,55 SD = 0,8. Females: M = 3,69 SD =0,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=+.40 p < .001
females
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=-.23 p < .001
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=+.40 p < .01
males
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=+.30 p < .001
Beta's controled for socio-demographics(step 5)
- age
- education
- employment
- marital status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and contentment

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
Page in Source 358
Our classificationOverall happiness and contentment
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question :
How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7   completely satisfied
6   very satisfied
5   satisfied
4   satisfied/dissatisfied
3   dissatisfied
2   very dissatisfied
1   completely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.62 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.40 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyShmotkin & Hadari (1996): study IL 1991
TitleAn Outlook on Subjective Well-Being in Older Israeli Adults: A Unified Formulation.
SourceThe International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1996, Vol. 42, 271 - 289
Public60+ aged, Israel, 1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-Anchoring Scale
Page in Source 284
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Assume that this ladder ia a way of picturing your 
life. The top of the ladder represents the best 
possible life for you. The bottom rung of the ladder 
represents the worst possible life for you. 

Indicate where on the ladder you feel you personally 
stand right now by marking the circle. 

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cr=+.50 p < .0001
Reconciled Aging


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Cantril ladder)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. 
Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best 
possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst 
possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do 
you feel you personally stand at the present time?"

Ratings:
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.78
O-HL-g-sq-n-11-br=+.81
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Subjective happiness)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"In general terms, how happy do you feel with your 
life?"
Ratings:
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  very unhappy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.64
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.81
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ccr=+.81


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyDelhey & Kroll (2012): study ZZ OECD member states 2008
TitleA " Happiness Test" for the New Measures of the National Well-Being: How much Better than GDP are They?
SourceWZB Discussion Paper SP I 2012-201, 2012, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2012/i12-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, OECD member states, 2008
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =340000

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelations happiness-measurements
Page in Source 17
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
a. C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c (Cantril, Contentment)
b. O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a (Life Happiness)
c. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a (Life-satisfaction)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.69 p < .01
Average C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c by 
Average O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.81 p < .01
Average O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a by 
Average O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.77 p < .01
Average O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a by
Average C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyBulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972
TitleMeasures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
SourcePhilippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238
Public21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response-
Respondents N =941

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 231
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the 
top of    
the ladder represents the best possible life for you 
and the         
bottom represents the worst possible life for you. 
Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at 
the present time?"     
[  10  ]  best possible life
[   9  ] 
[   8  ]
[   7  ]
[   6  ]
[   5  ]
[   4  ]
[   3  ]
[   2  ]
[   1  ]
[   0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                        
                          
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the 
respondent imagines as the best possible life and the 
worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's 
life five years ago and  where on the ladder one 
expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life 
(original)
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fG= +
Males   : G = +.31
Females : G = +.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyBaptista et al. (2016): study PT 2015
TitleWhat are People saying when they report they are Happy or Life Satisfied?
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 803 - 809
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
DOIdoi: 10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
Public18+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2015
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =409

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 806
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

.. happiness last month ... (full question not 
reported)
10 extremely happy (+ happy face)
9
8
7
6
5  neutral (+ neutral face)
4
3
2
1
0  extremely unhappy (+ unhappy face
Remarks
WDH code: O-HL-cm--sq-f-11-a

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cm-sq-l-11-ar=+.77 p < .001
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-fr=+.57 p < .001
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-fBeta=+.38 p < .001
Beta controlled for subjective well-being 
(Satisfaction With life Scale)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyMatlin & Gawron (1979): study US 1977
TitleIndividual Differences in Pollyannaism.
SourceJournal of Personality Assessment. 1979, Vol. 43, 411 - 412
PublicUniversity students white, middle-class, State University of New-York, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =133

Correlate
Author's labelPresent Happiness
Page in Source 412
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the 
top of the ladder represents the best possible life for 
you and the bottom represents the worst possible life 
for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally 
stand at the present time?"    
[  10  ]  best possible life
[   9  ] 
[   8  ]
[   7  ]
[   6  ]
[   5  ]
[   4  ]
[   3  ]
[   2  ]
[   1  ]
[   0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                        
                          
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the 
respondent imagines as the best possible life and the 
worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's 
life five years ago and  where on the ladder one 
expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life 
(original)
Remarks
happiness measure t

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-ar=+.40 s


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Ladder: most_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the 
ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to 
have. At the top is the best life you might expect to 
have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere 
in between. Where was your life most of the time during 
the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ] 
[ 2 ]   
[ 1 ]  worst life you might expect to have

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness:Three-pt. happiness_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by C-BW
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 3-point scale: "Taking all 
things together, how would you say things are these 
days - would you say you're very happy, pretty happy, 
or not too happy these days?"
Rated on a 3-point scale ranging from very happy ((3), 
pretty happy (2) not too happy (1). (HAP 1.1)
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RG

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelGoal achievement
Page in Source 238
Our classificationO-HL by C-RG
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Some people have certain goals or aspirations for 
various aspects of their lives. They aim for a 
particular sort of home, income, family lifestyle, and 
so on. Compared to your general aims and goals, how 
would you say that your life measures up to it.....?"
1  not at all
2   fairly
3   poorly
4   half as well as your goal
5   fairly
6   well
7  matches your goal
Remarks
happiness measure type C-RG

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.62
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.50
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.30
ß controlled for life compared with best previous 
experience, life of average folks and 5 year 
expectation 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.47
Controlled for previous best experience, life 
compared with average folks and 5 years 
expectation 


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-want
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and want
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 5.46 SD: 0.98 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.77 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.79 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.79 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyMichalos (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1980, Vol. 8, 385 - 422
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00461152
PublicUniversity staff members, Guelph Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response59%
Respondents N =357

Correlate
Author's labelGoal achievement
Page in Source 404
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Some people have certain goals or aspirations for 
various aspects of their lives. They aim for a 
particular sort of home, income, family lifestyle, and 
so on. Compared to your general aims and goals, how 
would you say that your life measures up to it.....?"
1  not at all
2   fairly
3   poorly
4   half as well as your goal
5   fairly
6   well
7  matches your goal
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RG

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.63
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.64
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.51
Controlled for best previous experience and
life compared with average folks.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.44
ß controlled for best previous experience and
average folks.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelGoal achievement
Page in Source 17
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Some people have certain goals or aspirations for 
various aspects of their lives. They claim for a 
particular sort of home, income, and so on. Compared to 
your own general aims , would you say that your life 
measures up to it.....?"
1  not at all
2
3
4  matches
5
6
7 better than you want
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.46
Controlled for best previous experience and life 
of average folks ß: +.36
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.48
Controlled for best previous experience and life 
compared with average folks ß: +.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness_B
Page in Source 358
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 7-point scale: In 
general, how happy would you say you are these days, 
would you say you are: extremely happy / very happy / 
pretty happy / not too happy / a bit unhappy / pretty 
unhappy / very unhappy? (HAPP 1.1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life acomplishment
Page in Source 358
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in 
life...?"
7  completely satisfied 
6  very satisfied 
5  satisfied 
4  satisfied-dissatisfied 
3  dissatisfied 
2  very dissatisfied 
1  completely dissatisfied.
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-CO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.62 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelGetting what one wants from life_A
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In getting the things you want out of life, how would 
you say that you are  right now.....?
3  very well
2  pretty well
1  not too well
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW
Data T1 + T3.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+
Males  : G= +.74
Females: G= +.77


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-RW

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelHaving unfulfilled aspirations
Page in Source 210
Our classificationO-HL by C-RW
Operationalization
Open-ended question on unfulfilled aspirations: 
0 Not any mentioned 
1 One or more mentioned
Observed distribution0: 29%, 1: 69% no opinion: 2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bDM=+
not mentioned         M = 2,06 
one or more mentioned M = 2,30
- difference             +0,24
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.23 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-W

StudyInoguchi & Fujii (2009a): study JP 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Japan.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 227 - 262
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9351-3
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2006
SampleSelection from general population sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1003

Correlate
Author's labelcorrelation between happiness and achievement
Page in Source 249
Our classificationO-HL by C-W
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you 
want out of life?
4  a great deal
3  some
2  very little
1  none
-  don't know
Remarks
Question type C-W/u/sq/v/4/c

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mr=+.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by C-W

StudyYao et al. (2009): study TW 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Taiwan.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 377 - 404
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9353-1
Public20-69, aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1016

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelations between QOL variables
Page in Source 390
Our classificationO-HL by C-W
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you 
want out of life?
4  a great deal
3  some
2  very little
1  none
-  don't know
Remarks
Question type: C-W/u/sq/v/4/

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mr=+.26
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-br=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-BW

StudyBernheim et al. (2006): study DE 1990
TitleThe Potential of Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) to Reduce Bias in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 227 - 250
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-4755-0
PublicPatients university hospital, Berlin, Germany 1990-2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2584

Correlate
Author's labelConvential Question(CQ)
Page in Source 235
Our classificationO-SL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single Question
Currently I am .. With life as a whole
1  very dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
3  neither satisfied, nor dissatisfied
4  satisfied
5  very satisfied
Remarks
happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-ar=+.50 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-BW

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Cantril ladder)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationO-SL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. 
Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best 
possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst 
possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do 
you feel you personally stand at the present time?"

Ratings:
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.78
O-HL-g-sq-n-11-br=+.81
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-BW

StudyDelhey & Kroll (2012): study ZZ OECD member states 2008
TitleA " Happiness Test" for the New Measures of the National Well-Being: How much Better than GDP are They?
SourceWZB Discussion Paper SP I 2012-201, 2012, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2012/i12-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, OECD member states, 2008
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =340000

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelations happiness-measurements
Page in Source 17
Our classificationO-SL by C-BW
Operationalization
a. C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c (Cantril, Contentment)
b. O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a (Life Happiness)
c. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a (Life-satisfaction)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.69 p < .01
Average C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c by 
Average O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.81 p < .01
Average O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a by 
Average O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.77 p < .01
Average O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a by
Average C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-BW

StudyDeaton (2008): study ZZ 2006
TitleIncome, Health and Wellbeing around the World: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll.
SourceJournal of Economic Perspectives, 2008, Vol. 22, 53 - 72
DOIDOI:10.1257/jep.22.2.53
Public15+ aged, general public, 132 countries, 2006
SampleMixed samples
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =132000

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 59
Our classificationO-SL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Remarks
Data:  World Values Survey 1990-91, 1995-96 or 
1999-2000. Most recent measure paired the same country 
in the 2006 gappul World Poll
The World Values Survey includes of relative few poor 
countries and relative much middle income countries in 
Eastern Europe or former Sovjet-Union countries

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
Life satisfaction data are shaded circles, Best 
Worst data are hollow circles
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-BW

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 44
Our classificationO-SL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question :
Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with 
their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and 
dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose 
that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life 
would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is 
extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the 
bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on 
the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms 
of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your 
personal life?"
[ 10 ]  entirely satisfied
[   9 ]
[   8 ]
[   7 ]
[   6 ]
[   5 ]
[   4 ]
[   3 ]
[   2 ]
[   1 ]
[   0 ]  entirely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-BW

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life
Page in Source 415
Our classificationO-SL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question :
Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with 
their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and 
dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose 
that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life 
would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is 
extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the 
bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on 
the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms 
of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your 
personal life?"
[ 10 ]  entirely satisfied
[   9 ]
[   8 ]
[   7 ]
[   6 ]
[   5 ]
[   4 ]
[   3 ]
[   2 ]
[   1 ]
[   0 ]  entirely dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLP

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RG

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelAccomplishing lifegoals
Page in Source 255
Our classificationO-SL by C-RG
Operationalization
Self report on single question on 'Accomplishing life 
goals'
Full text not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.27 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RG

StudyEstwing-Ferrans & Powers (1992): study US 1987
TitlePsychometric Assessment of the Quality of Life Index.
SourceResearch in Nursing & Health, 1992, Vol. 15, 29 - 38
PublicRenal patients, USA 199?
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response54%
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievements of personal goals.
Our classificationO-SL by C-RG
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with achievements of your 
personal goals? 
1 very dissatisfied
.
.
6 very satisfied
Remarks
It is not clear if this score is weighted with its 
importance by the individual.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.65


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RG

StudyHolahan et al. (1999): study US 1960
TitleSelf Appraisel, Life Satisfaction and Retrospective Life Choices Across One and Three Decades.
SourcePsychology and Aying, 1999, Vol. 14, 238 - 244
PublicGifted (IQ>135) followed unto old age, USA, 1960-1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =383

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent satisfaction with things wanted earlier
Page in Source 234
Our classificationO-SL by C-RG
Operationalization
Discrepancy between recalled goals in early adulthood 
and current satisfaction in goal fields.
Participants were asked to rate the importance of their 
life-goals in the plans they made in early adulthood 
for: 'occupational succes', 'family life' and 'joy in 
living'. They were also asked to rate their current 
(age 61) satisfaction in these domains. Next scores 
were subtracted.
Assessed at T2 (1972)
Remarks
T1: 1960, T2: 1972, T3: 1992

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-9-aBeta-L=+.58 p < .01
T2 goal realization by T3 happiness
Controled for T1 appraisal of 'having lived up to 
ones intellectual abilities' (which is linked to 
T2 goal realization, but not to T3 happiness)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RG

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelSuccess in achieving goals_A
Page in Source 44
Our classificationO-SL by C-RG
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How would you rate yourself as to how successful or 
unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your 
own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the 
ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being 
entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ]    completely successful
[  9 ] 
[  8 ]
[  7 ]
[  6 ]
[  5 ]
[  4 ]
[  3 ]
[  2 ]
[  1 ]     
[  0 ]   entirely unsuccessful
Remarks
Hazppiness measure type C-RG

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RW

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-want
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationO-SL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and want
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 5.46 SD: 0.98 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.77 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.79 p < .01
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.79 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RW

StudyShichman & Cooper (1984): study US 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Sex-Role Concept.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 227 - 240
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00287516
PublicAdults, students and churchmembers, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response5,9 %
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achieving goals
Page in Source 234
Our classificationO-SL by C-RW
Operationalization
Single direct questions on both satisfaction and 
dissatisfaction with achieving goals.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.36 p < .00
satisfaction
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.41 p < .00
dissatisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RW

StudyTownsend & Gurin (1981): study US 1972
TitleRe-examining the frustrated homemaker hypothesis: Role fit, personal dissatisfaction, and collective discontent.
SourceSociology of Work and Occupations, 1981, Vol. 8, 464 - 488
URLhttp://wox.sagepub.com/content/8/4/464.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, white women, USA, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =946

Correlate
Author's labelSense of fulfilment
Page in Source 486
Our classificationO-SL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question.:
Up to now, have you been able to satisfy most of your 
ambitions in life or have you had to settle for less 
than you had hoped for .....?
2  able to satisfy ambitions
1  settled for less
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-3-br=-.27
O-SLu-c-sq-v-3-br=+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by C-RW

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelSuccess in achieving goals
Page in Source 268/415
Our classificationO-SL by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How would you rate yourself as to how successful or 
unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your 
own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the 
ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being 
entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ]    completely successful
[  9 ] 
[  8 ]
[  7 ]
[  6 ]
[  5 ]
[  4 ]
[  3 ]
[  2 ]
[  1 ]     
[  0 ]   entirely unsuccessful
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RG

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.39
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-BW

StudyShmotkin & Hadari (1996): study IL 1991
TitleAn Outlook on Subjective Well-Being in Older Israeli Adults: A Unified Formulation.
SourceThe International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1996, Vol. 42, 271 - 289
Public60+ aged, Israel, 1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelHapiness Scale
Page in Source 284
Our classificationO-DT by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the 
top of the ladder represents the best possible life for 
you and the  bottom represents the worst possible life 
for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally 
stand at the present time?   
[  10  ]  best possible life
[    9  ] 
[    8  ]
[    7  ]
[    6  ]
[    5  ]
[    4  ]
[    3  ]
[    2  ]
[    1  ]
[    0  ]  worst possible life
                          
                                                        
                        
Preceded by 1)  open questions about what the 
respondent imagines as the best possible life and the 
worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's 
life five years ago and  where on the ladder one 
expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life 
(original)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=.53 p < .0001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-BW

StudySuhail & Chaudhry (2004): study PK 2000
TitlePredictors of Subjective Well-Being in an Eastern Muslim Culture.
SourceJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2004, Vol. 23, 359 - 376.
DOIDOI:10.1521/jscp.23.3.359.35451
Public16-80 aged, general public, Lahore, Pakistan, 2000
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =973

Correlate
Author's labelPesonal happiness
Page in Source 368
Our classificationO-DT by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single  question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about 
life as a whole?
7  delighted
6  nvery satisfying
5  satisfying
4  mixed
3  dissatisfying
2  very dissatisfying
1  terrible
-   No opinion
Remarks
Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" 
(modified
version)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.56 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness: Ladder: most
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-DT by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the 
ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to 
have. At the top is the best life you might expect to 
have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere 
in between. Where was your life most of the time during 
the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ] 
[ 2 ]   
[ 1 ]  worst life you might expect to have
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.54
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.51
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.51
at the end       of the interview: r=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness : Ladder: most ( E )
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the 
ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to 
have. At the top is the best life you might expect to 
have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere 
in between. Where was your life most of the time during 
the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ] 
[ 2 ]   
[ 1 ]  worst life you might expect to have
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.43
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
Correlation with C-BW (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.50
O-DT asked third : r=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness_A
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, asked twice in 
interview: 
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT. O-DT asked thrice during 
the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-amr=+.43
Corralations with C-BW (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=+.40
O-DT asked second: r=+.50
O-DT asked third : r=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-RW

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelGoal achievement
Page in Source 17
Our classificationO-DT by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Some people have certain goals or aspirations for 
various aspects of their lives. They claim for a 
particular sort of home, income, and so on. Compared to 
your own general aims , would you say that your life 
measures up to it.....?"
1  not at all
2
3
4  matches
5
6
7 better than you want
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.46
Controlled for best previous experience and life 
of average folks ß: +.36
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.48
Controlled for best previous experience and life 
compared with average folks ß: +.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by C-RG

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelGoal achievement
Page in Source 238
Our classificationO-DT by C-RG
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Some people have certain goals or aspirations for 
various aspects of their lives. They aim for a 
particular sort of home, income, family lifestyle, and 
so on. Compared to your general aims and goals, how 
would you say that your life measures up to it.....?"
1  not at all
2   fairly
3   poorly
4   half as well as your goal
5   fairly
6   well
7  matches your goal
Remarks
happiness measure type C-RG

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.62
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.50
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.30
ß controlled for life compared with best previous 
experience, life of average folks and 5 year 
expectation 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.47
Controlled for previous best experience, life 
compared with average folks and 5 years 
expectation 


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-QOL by C-BW

StudyAlfaro et al. (2016): study CL 2011
TitlePropiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en los Estudiantes (SLSS) de Huebner en Niños y Niñas de 10 a 12 años de Chile.
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 382 - 392
URLhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/294871337_Propiedades_psicometricas_de_la_Escala_de_Satisfaccion_con_la_Vida_en_los_Estudiantes_SLSS_de_Huebner_en_ninos_y_ninas_de_10_a_12_anos_de_Chile
DOIDOI: 10.6018/analesps.32.2.217441
Public10-12 aged, Santiago Valparaiso Concepcion, Chile, 201?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1096

Correlate
Author's labelSLSS- item 2 by item 1
Page in Source 37
Our classificationO-QOL by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
I have what I want in life
1 strongly disagree
2
3
4
5 strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 3.18, SD = 1,01
Remarks
Item 2 in Student Life Satisfaction Scale SLSS

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.68


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Seven-pt. happiness_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by C-BW
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point scale: "How do you 
feel about how happy you are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted.
(HAP 5.1b)
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelInterviewer rating of life satisfaction
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-further by C-BW
Operationalization
Rating by interviewer of how respondent feels about 
life as a whole.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/
mostly satisfied/ pleased/ delighted
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.45
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.53
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.53
at the endof the interview:        r=+.52
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.57
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life
Page in Source 78
Our classificationO-further by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the 
lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses 
in it, to represent a person who has all the good 
things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, 
to represent a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you 
think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - - 
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Remarks
Question asked twice. Summation: arithmetic mean.
Happiness measure type O-Further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.52
Mean of coded answers at beginning and end of the 
interview (see remarks).
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.49
O-DT asked twice:
at the beginning of the interview: r=+.51
at the end       of the interview: r=+.46
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.59


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the 
lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses 
in it, to represent a person who has all the good 
things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, 
to represent a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you 
think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - - 
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type O

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Ladder: most_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the 
ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to 
have. At the top is the best life you might expect to 
have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere 
in between. Where was your life most of the time during 
the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ] 
[ 2 ]   
[ 1 ]  worst life you might expect to have

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall happiness and mixed measures

StudyMichalos & Kahlke (2010): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleStability and Sensitivity in Perceived Quality of Life Measures: Some Panel Results.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 403 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9554-2
PublicAdults, British Comumbia, Canada, followed 3 years, 2005-2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-best
Page in Source 410, 411, 415
Our classificationOverall happiness and mixed measures
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the gap between what you 
have and the best you ever had
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 4.43 SD: 1.26 Average 3 waves, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Remarks
Multiple Discrepancies Theory 
(MDT, Michalos 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.59 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.64 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.61 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1989
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 7
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Single direct question: 
Taking your life as a whole, are you:
1. very happy,
2. quite happy
3. more happy than unhappy
4. more unhappy than happy
5. quite unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 304
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
 ......happy ..... "
(Full text not reported)
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-HL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-ar=+42


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling about life as a whole Faces: whole life_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a graphic scale: "Which face 
comes closest to expressing how you feel about your 
life as a whole?"
Rated on a 7-point pictoral scale ranging from faces 
with varying smiles (7) to varying frowns (1).
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks delighted_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?...pleased...most- ly satisfied...mixed - about 
equally satisfied and dissatisfied...mostly   
dissatisfied...unhappy...terrible..."
Measure: number of weeks feeling delighted 
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks unhappy_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?
1 pleased
2 mostly satisfied
3 mixed - about equally satisfied and 
dissatisfied...mostly
4 dissatisfied
5 unhappy
6 terrible
Measure: number of weeks felt unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyBrenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =916

Correlate
Author's labelEnjoying life
Page in Source 324
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How often do you feel that you are really enjoying 
life? Would you say:
5 very often
4 fairly often
3 occasionally
2 rarely
1 never
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.84 p < .001
Unaffected by sex, age and educational level

When feeling downcast or dejected and usual affect 
are kept constant: Gs = +.79 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Three-pt. happiness_A
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-HL by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 3-point scale: "Taking all 
things together, how would you say things are these 
days - would you say you're very happy, pretty happy, 
or not too happy these days?"
Rated on a 3-point scale ranging from very happy ((3), 
pretty happy (2) not too happy (1). (HAP 1.1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-CO

StudyCheung & Lucas (2014): study US Oregon 2010
TitleAssessing the Validity of Single-Item Life Satisfaction Measures: Results from Three Large Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2014, Vol. 23, 2809 - 2818.
URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-014-0726-4
DOIdoi:10.1007/sll 136-014-0726-4
Public18+ aged, general public, Oregon, U.S.A., 2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2277

Correlate
Author's labelhappy
Page in Source 2814
Our classificationO-HL by M-CO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'All things considered, 
would you say you are . . . .  ' ,
5 very happy
4
3
2
1 not happy at all.
Remarks
In the original very happy was coded 1 and not happy at 
all 5. Reversed by the W.D.H.team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-ddr=+.72 p < .05
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-er=+.70 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-CO

StudyCheung & Lucas (2014): study US Washington 2010
TitleAssessing the Validity of Single-Item Life Satisfaction Measures: Results from Three Large Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2014, Vol. 23, 2809 - 2818.
URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11136-014-0726-4
DOIdoi:10.1007/sll 136-014-0726-4
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington, U.S.A., 2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13064

Correlate
Author's labelhappy
Page in Source 2814
Our classificationO-HL by M-CO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'All things considered, 
would you say you are . . . .  ' ,
5 very happy
4
3
2
1 not happy at all.
Remarks
In the original very happy was coded 1 and not happy at 
all 5, was reversed by the W.D.H.team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-ddr=+.67 p < .05
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-er=+.67 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-FH

StudyInoguchi & Fujii (2009a): study JP 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Japan.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 227 - 262
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9351-3
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2006
SampleSelection from general population sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1003

Correlate
Author's labelcorrelation between happiness and enjoyment
Page in Source 249
Our classificationO-HL by M-FH
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life 
these days?
4  often
3  sometimes
2  rarely
1  never
-  don't know
Remarks
Question type M-FH/c/sq/v/4/b

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mr=+.59


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-FH

StudyYao et al. (2009): study TW 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Taiwan.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 377 - 404
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9353-1
Public20-69, aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1016

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelations between QOL variables
Page in Source 390
Our classificationO-HL by M-FH
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life 
these days?
4  often
3  sometimes
2  rarely
1  never
-  don't know
Remarks
Question type M-FH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mr=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-ACO

StudyVitterso et al. (2009): study NO 2005
TitleLife Satisfaction is not a Balanced Estimator of the Good Life: Evidence from Reaction Time Measures and Self-Reported Emotions.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 1 - 17
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-007-9058-1
PublicStudents and technical staff university, Norway, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30

Correlate
Author's labelPleasure as trait emotion
Page in Source 8
Our classificationO-HL by M-ACO
Operationalization
Selfreport on three questions: 

Normally I feel….. 
a: pleased 
b: satisfied 
c: happy
Observed distributionM= 5.06, SD= 0.87
Remarks
Rating scale not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-jr=+.36 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-HL by M-ACO

StudyYao et al. (2009): study TW 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Taiwan.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 377 - 404
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9353-1
Public20-69, aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1016

Correlate
Author's labelCorrelations between QOL variables
Page in Source 390
Our classificationO-HL by M-ACO
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions:

A  All things considered, would you say you are happy 
these days?
    5  very happy
    4  pretty happy
    3  neither happy, not unhappy
    2  not too happy
    1  very unhappy

B  How often do you feel that you are really enjoying 
life these days?
    4  often
    3  sometimes
    2  rarely
    1  never

C  How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you 
want ou of life?
    4  a great deal
    3  some
    2  very little
    1  none

Computation not reported: 0  to 6
Remarks
Question type M-ACO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mr=+.75
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-br=+.80
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cr=+.65


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-AO

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1989
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLife-satisfaction
Page in Source 7
Our classificationO-SL by M-AO
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Taking your life as a whole, are you 
1. very satisfied
2. quite satisfied
3. more satisfied than discontented
4. more disconted than satisfied
5. quite dissatisfied
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.67
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-AO

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelLife enjoyment
Page in Source 311
Our classificationO-SL by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
......how often enjoy life......."
(Full lead question not reported)
1  rarely
2  now and then
3  fairly often
4  all the time
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+28


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-AO

StudyAlgemeen Dagblad (1982): study NL 1982
TitleGeluk in Nederland. (Happiness in the Netherlands).
SourceUnpublished report nr 3810 i.o.o. Algemeen Dagblad, 1982, Centrum BV, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~AlgemeenDagblad_1982.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with daily life
Page in Source t65
Our classificationO-SL by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Considering your daily life, are you ..
3  satisfied
2  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
1  dissatisfied
-  no answer
Observed distributionM = 2,7, SD = 0,5
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-SL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bD%=+
% happy
1. unsatisfied   38.5
2. in between    67.2
3. satisfied     93.6
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-btc=+.40 p < .01
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-dG=+.78 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-AO

StudyAndersson et al. (2013a): study SE Västra Götalands län 2012 /1
TitleGreenhouse Gas Emission and Subjective Well-Being: An Analalysis of Swedish Households.
SourceEcological Economics, 2014, Vol. 102, 75 - 82
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.03.018
Public25-65 aged,general public, southwest Sweden, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response59.9%
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelCognitive well-being
Page in Source 79
Our classificationO-SL by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"...... how satisfied are you with your 
life-as-a-whole......?"
(Full question not reported)
1    not very satisfied
2    somewhat satisfied
3    very satisfied
4    extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.94 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-AO

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 194
Our classificationO-SL by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions
- In most ways my life is close to ideal
- The conditions of my life are excellent
- I am satisfied with my life
- So far, I have gotten the important things I want in 
life
- If I could live my life over, I would change nothing

Rated their agreement with 5 items on a 1 (strongly 
disagree) to 7 (strongly agree) scale
Remarks
Satisfaction with Life scale (SWLS; Diener et al., 
1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-ar=+.78 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-CO

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life acomplishment
Page in Source 358
Our classificationO-SL by M-CO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in 
life...?"
7  completely satisfied 
6  very satisfied 
5  satisfied 
4  satisfied-dissatisfied 
3  dissatisfied 
2  very dissatisfied 
1  completely dissatisfied.
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-CO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.62 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-FH

StudyKaliterna Lipovcan & Prizmic-Larsen (2016): study HR 2008
TitleWhat Differs between Happy and Unhappy People?
SourceSpringerplus, 2016, Vol. 5, 225 - 240
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4771683/
DOIdoi: 10.1186/s40064-016-1929-7
Public18+ aged happy and unhappy people, Croatia, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =800

Correlate
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
Page in Source 7
Our classificationO-SL by M-FH
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All things considered, 
how satisfied are you with your life as a whole 
nowadays?
Rated:
0 extremely dissatisfied
.
.
.
10 extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdDM=+
            life satisfaction  
happy      M = 8.9   SD = 1.77
unhappy    M = 3.2   SD = 2.08
- difference + 5.7
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-aE²=.66 p < .001
Eta-squared controlled for: 
- gender
- age 
- education level 
- per capita household income
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ad=2.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-FH

StudyAndersson et al. (2013a): study SE Västra Götalands län 2012 /1
TitleGreenhouse Gas Emission and Subjective Well-Being: An Analalysis of Swedish Households.
SourceEcological Economics, 2014, Vol. 102, 75 - 82
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.03.018
Public25-65 aged,general public, southwest Sweden, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response59.9%
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelCognitive vs. Affective well-being
Page in Source 79
Our classificationO-SL by M-FH
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How ... feel in general? (full text not reported)
1 sad
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-ar=+.77 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-SL by M-TH

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2010a): study KW 2004
TitleReligiosity, Subjective Well-Being, and Neuroticism.
SourceMental Health, Religion and Culture, 2010, Vol. 13, 67 - 79.
URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13674670903154167?scroll=top&needAccess=true
DOIdoi: 10.1080/13674670903!54167
PublicStudents, Kuwait, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =487

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 72-74
Our classificationO-SL by M-TH
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: "Generally speaking, how 
(much) do you feel happy? What score do you give if we 
put ten for 'extremely happy, zero for extremely 
unhappy' and five for neither happy nor unhappy'?"
10 extremely happy
9
8
7
6
5  neither happy nor unhappy
4
3
2
1
0  extremely unhappy

Coded M-TH
Error Estimates1 week test-retest reliability: r = +.86

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ir=+.79 p < .0001


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by M-AO

StudyMagnus & Diener (1991): study US 1986
TitleA Longitudinal Analysis of Personality, Life Events, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at 63rd Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, 1991, Chicago, USA
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/magnus_k_1991.pdf
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 4 years 1986-1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =130

Correlate
Author's labelSubjective well being (SWB)
Page in Source 26
Our classificationO-DT by M-AO
Operationalization
A single subjective well-being factor was made from 
combining several scales: 

A Selfreport on Satisfaction with life scale
B Selfreport on Informant satisfaction with life scale
C Selfreport on Fordyce happiness item 
D Informant rating on the Fordyce happiness item

A Satisfaction with life scale
  Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with 
each of the items by placing the appropriate number on 
the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest 
in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in 
life
E If I could live my life over, I would change nothing 
Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree
Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5
Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale 
(SWLS)

B The informant satisfaction with life scale: Informant 
report on A measure 

C The Fordyce :Selfreport on single question:
Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What 
score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, 
zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy 
nor unhappy'?
10 extremely happy
9
8
7
6
5  neither happy nor unhappy
4
3
2
1
0  extremely unhappy

D The informant Fordyce:Peerrating using C measure
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1986) and T2(1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.63 p < .05
T1 SWB by T2 happiness
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.68 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.62 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness
O-Sum-g-fi-?-7-ar=+.50 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness
A-AOL-g-rdp-v-10-ar=+.52 p < .05
T1 SWB by T2 happiness
A-AOL-g-rdp-v-10-ar=+.44 p < .05
T2 SWB by T1 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by M-AO

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelHappy most of the time
Our classificationO-DT by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
I am happy most of the time
1 true
0 false

Item  in 20-item anxiety index
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1:  +.43 (01)
T2:  +.35 (01)
T3:  +.44 (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2 and T3.
Correlations concern same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, asked twice in 
interview: 
How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT
O-DT asked thrice during the interview: at the 
beginning, in the middle and at the end

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-amr=+.57
Correlations with M-AO (asked once):
O-DT asked first : r=+.60
O-DT asked second: r=+.60
O-DT asked third : r=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling about life as a whole Faces: whole life_C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about 
your life as a whole?
7  completely happy
6
5
4  neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1  completely unhappy
Rated on pictorial faces-scale
Remarks
Happiness measure M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.57
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end
Correlation with M-AO (asked once)
O-DT asked first : r=+.60
O-DT asked second: r=+.60
O-DT asked third : r=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by M-TH

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks feeling delighted
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by M-TH
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question

Think back over what your life has been like during the 
past ten weeks. It may help to try to remember some of 
the specific things that happened to you, or which you 
did during this period. Your answers should add up to 
ten weeks. For what part of that time did you feel 
delighted about your life as a whole?...pleased...most-
ly satisfied...mixed - about equally satisfied and 
disatisfied...mostly
dissatisfied...unhappy...terrible..

Measure: number of weeks felt delighted
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-TH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.33
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=+.30
O-DT asked second: r=+.40
O_DT asked third : r=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-DT by M-TH

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks unhappy
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-DT by M-TH
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?
1 pleased
2 mostly satisfied
3 mixed - about equally satisfied and dissatisfied
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 unhappy
6 terrible

Measure: number of weeks felt unhappy
Remarks
Happines measure M-TH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=-.40
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end
Correlation with M-TH (asked once)
O-DT asked first : r=-.40
O-DT asked second: r=-.40
O-DT asked third : r=-.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwan, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelPositive feeling
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How much do you enjoy life?
1  Not at all
2  A little
3  Moderate amount
4  Very much
5  An extreme amount
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on positive feeling taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.43 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.33 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyBeals (1985): study US 1978
TitleGenerational Differences in Well-being for two European Groups.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicImmigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =844

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 80
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:

A  Taking all things together, how would you say things 
are these days? Would you say you are.....?"
1  not too happy
2  pretty happy
3  very happy

B  How often do you feel that you are really enjoying 
life.....?"
1  rarely
2  now and than
3  fairly often
4  all the time

Summation: factor score
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-br=+.85 p < .01
Immigrants from Western Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-br=+.71 p < .01
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling about life as a whole Faces: whole life_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a graphic scale: "Which face 
comes closest to expressing how you feel about your 
life as a whole?"
Rated on a 7-point pictoral scale ranging from faces 
with varying smiles
(7) to varying frowns (1). (MIX 1.1)
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.40
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks unhappy_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?...pleased...most-
ly satisfied...mixed - about equally satisfied and 
disatisfied...mostly
dissatisfied...unhappy...terrible..."
Measure: number of weeks felt unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=-.40
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=-.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks delighted_E
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?
1 pleased
2 mostly satisfied
3 mixed - about equally satisfied and 
dissatisfied...mostly
4 dissatisfied
5 unhappy
6 terrible
Measure: number of weeks feeling delighted
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-br=+.30
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Circles: whole life _C
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the 
lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses 
in it, to represent a person who has all the good 
things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, 
to represent a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you 
think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8  + + + + + + + +
7  + + + + + + + -
6  + + + + + +  - -
5  + + + + +  -  - -
4 + + + +  -  -  - -
3  + + +  -  -  -  - -
2  + +  -  -  -  -  - - 
2  +  -  -  -  -  -  - -
0   -  -  -  -  -  -  - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-further

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and O-further by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness: Seven-pt. happiness_A
Page in Source 92
Our classificationO-further by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point scale: "How do you 
feel about how happy you are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hedonic level of affect

StudyMcCrae (1986): study US Baltimore County, Maryland 1981
TitleWell-Being Scales do not Measure Social Desirability.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1986, Vol. 41, 390 - 392
PublicAdults, general public, Baltimore, USA, 1981
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelDelighted-Terrible
Page in Source 391
Our classificationHedonic level of affect
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale
Remarks
Happiness measure type O-DT

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.75 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-arpc=+.68 p < .001
rpc controlled for Social desirability
assessed on the basis of responses to the MMPI


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hedonic level and overall happiness

StudyLewis & Joseph (1996a): study GB 1993
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with Measures of Happiness and Satisfaction with Life.
SourcePsychological Reoports, 1995, Vol. 76, 876 - 878
PublicStudents, Northern Ireland, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =63

Correlate
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in Source 877
Our classificationHedonic level and overall happiness
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
We have talked about various parts of your life, now I 
want to ask you about your life as a whole. How 
satisfied are you with your life as a whole these 
days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Remarks
happiness measure type O-SLW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.62 p < .001
Affect Balance (McGreal) by life-satisfaction 
(Campbell)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-AB

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelEMS-Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationA-AOL by A-AB
Operationalization
Average happiness of the moment assessed using 
experience sampling. Participants received 6 calls on 
their mobile phone every day during 4 weeks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.44 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of happiness by 
average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.37 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of life-satisfaction 
by average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.3- p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of Affect Balance by 
average momentary moods assessed using 
experiencece sampling
A-AA-yd-mqr-fn-11-br=+.84 p < .01
Average daily mood assessed using a happiness 
diary (DRM) by average daily mood assessed using 
Experience sampling (ESM)

ESM and DRM assessed at the same days


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-AB

StudyLudwigs (2014): study DE 2014
TitleDoes the Awareness of Individual Happiness have an Effect on Individual Happiness? ( Hat das Nachdenken über das individuelle Glücksempfinden einen Einfluss auf das individuelle Glücksempfinden?)
SourceM.Sc., Heinrich-Heine University, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
PublicUsers of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =349

Correlate
Author's labelDRM-Happiness
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationA-AOL by A-AB
Operationalization
Average mood during particular daily, recorded each day 
during 6 weeks
Remarks
At the end of each day during 6 weeks participants 
completed an online questionaire on what they had done 
during the day and how happy they had felt during each 
of these activities.
Web application of the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM 
Kahneman et al 2004)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.38 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of happiness by 
average of moods during particular daily 
activities
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+,32 p < .01
Retrospective global estimate of life-satisfaction 
by average of mood during particular activities
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+24 p < .01
Retrospective affect-balance by average of moods 
during particular activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-AB

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelBeing in good spirits
Page in Source 13
Our classificationA-AOL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
Are you most of the time in ....?
4 very good spirits    
3 good spirits
2 low spirits           
1 very low spirits
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cG=+.56 p < .01
Index of Positive Affects: G' = +.09 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: G' = -.59 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-AB

StudyToussaint & Friedman (2009): study US 2004
TitleForgiveness, Gratitude and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Affect and Beliefs.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 635 - 654
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9111-8
PublicPsychotherapy outpatients, Philadelphia, USA, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelAffect
Page in Source 643-645
Our classificationA-AOL by A-AB
Operationalization
Self report on 14 questions

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A   So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B   Proud, because someone had complimented you
C   Very lonely or remote  from people?
D   Pleased about having accomplished something
E   Bored
F   On top of the world?
G   Depressed
H   That things were going your way?
I    Upset because someone criticized you?
J   Could not do anything, simply because you could not 
start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes  = 1 
- no  =  0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed  scores on  B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed  scores on 
A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale'  (adapted 
version)
Remarks
Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale'  (adapted version)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=+.83 p < .001
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=+.83 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-AB

StudyToussaint & Friedman (2009): study US 2004
TitleForgiveness, Gratitude and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Affect and Beliefs.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 635 - 654
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9111-8
PublicPsychotherapy outpatients, Philadelphia, USA, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelFriedman Affect Scale
Page in Source 642-645
Our classificationA-AOL by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 50 statements about common emotional 
states. Rated:
0-applies not at al
-
-
4 applies extremely
Remarks
Friedman Affect Scale (Friedman 1998). Adaptation of 
the positive and negative Affect Schedule X (PANAS-X) 
of Watson and Clark 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.87 p < .001
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=+.79 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-ARE

StudyRiis et al. (2005): study US 2003
TitleIgnoranc of Hedonic Adaptation to Hemodialysis: A Study Using Ecological Momentary Assessment.
SourceJournal of Experimental Psychology, 2005, Vol. 134, 3 - 9
DOIDOI:10.1037/0096-3445.134.1.3
PublicHemodialysis patients and controls, USA, 2003
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21
Respondents N =49

Correlate
Author's labelpatients (vs controls)
Page in Source 5-7
Our classificationA-AOL by A-ARE
Operationalization
1 Renal patients: end stage, on hemodialysis
0 Healthy controls: matched for age, sex, race and 
education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-cDM=+ ns
Self estimate of mood in a typical week, asked 
BEFORE experience sampling during one week
- patients: M = 0,78
- controls: M = 0,67
difference     +0,11
A-ARE-mi-sq-v-5-aDM=- ns
Average mood measured using Experience sampling 
during one week
- patients: M = 0,70
- controls: M = 0,83
difference     -0,13
A-TH-g-sq-v-5-cDM=- ns
Recalled mood in the last week After one week 
Expierience Sample
-patients M=0,70
-controls M=0,60
difference +0,10
A-TH-cw-sq-v-5-aDM=- ns
Self estimate of mood in a typical week, asked 
AFTER experience sampling during one week
- patients: M = 0,61
- controls: M = 0,67
difference     -0,06


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-ARE

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelElation vs depression
Page in Source 83
Our classificationA-AOL by A-ARE
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, answered every evening 
before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)
On average;  how elated or depressed,  happy or unhappy 
you felt today....?
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9  Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous 
delight and buoyancy
8  Elated and in high spirits
7  Feeling very good and cheerful
6  Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5  Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4  Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3  Depressed and feeling very low.     Definitely 
'blue'
2  Tremendously depressed.Feeling terrible, really 
miserable, "just awful"
1  Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is 
black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name:  Wessman & Ricks'  `Elation - depression scale'
Remarks
happiness measure type A-ARE

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+.21 ns
Daily average mood: r = +.21 (ns)
Daily highest mood: r = +.29 (05)
Daily lowest  mood: r = +.22 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-AB

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 466
Our classificationA-AB by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions:
Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time 
during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A  affectionate
B  joyful
C  happy
D  proud
1  never
2  slight amount (rare)
3  some of the time
4  about half the time
5  much of the time
6  almost always
7  always

Computation: A+B+G+H / 4
Observed distributionM=4.14, SD=1.03
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.80 p < .01
Partly autocorrelation, since this Positive Affect 
Scale is part of the Affect Balance Scale that 
serves as a measure of Happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-AB

StudySpijkerboer et al. (2006): study NL 2006
TitleHealth-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents after Invasive Treatment for Congenital Hearth Disease.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2006, Vol. 5, 663 - 673
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-005-3692-z
PublicChildren treated for heart disease 8 years ago, Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response27%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelParents rating of child's happinees
Page in Source 668-9
Our classificationA-AB by A-AB
Operationalization
A Parents rating of childs happiness 
B Child's self rating of own happiness

using the same Affect Balance Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-rdf-v-3-aDM=
                      boy's    girl's   all
parents rating        1,8      2,2      2,0
child's self rating   0,9      1,0      0,9
difference           -0,9     -1,2     -1,1

Parents overrate child's happiness in all cardiac 
diagnostic groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-AB

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 34
Our classificationA-AB by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.63 p < .01
The happiness measure used here is an 
96 item index of good and bad feelings over the 
past week (KAMMANN's Affectometer 1)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-AB

StudyToussaint & Friedman (2009): study US 2004
TitleForgiveness, Gratitude and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Affect and Beliefs.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 635 - 654
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9111-8
PublicPsychotherapy outpatients, Philadelphia, USA, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelFriedman Affect Scale
Page in Source 642-645
Our classificationA-AB by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 50 statements about common emotional 
states. Rated:
0-applies not at al
-
-
4 applies extremely
Remarks
Friedman Affect Scale (Friedman 1998). Adaptation of 
the positive and negative Affect Schedule X (PANAS-X) 
of Watson and Clark 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.87 p < .001
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=+.79 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-AB

StudyDiener et al. (1991): study US 1989
TitleHappiness is the Frequency, not Intensity, of Positive versus Negative Affect.
SourceStrack, F.;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well-Being", Pergamon, 1991, Oxford, UK, 119 - 140
URLhttps://worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicStudents , USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =107

Correlate
Author's labelMaximizer
Page in Source 219
Our classificationA-AB by A-AB
Operationalization
Experience Sampling Method at random moments and at the 
end of a day over 6 weeks

INTENSITY OF POSITIVE AFFECT
SUM OF ALL (pos.affect?pos.affect>neg.affect)/n

FREQUENCY OF POSITIVE AFFECT
SUM OF ALL (pos.affect?pos.affect>neg.affect)/n

HIGH FREQUENCY AND INTENSITY OF AFFECT: 
(frequency of positve affect x positive affect 
intensity) - (frequency of negative affect x negative 
affect intensity)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-ar=+.67
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.51
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.70


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-AB

StudyBrenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =916

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of affect _B
Page in Source 327
Our classificationA-AB by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:

A.  "How often do you feel that things were going your 
way? Would you say.......?"
4 fairly often
3 occasionally
2 rarely
1 never

B.  "How often do you feel downcast or dejected? Would 
you say....."
1 very often
2 fairly often
3 occasionally
4 rarely
5 never

Summation: Average A + B

Name: Brenner's 'Going-Your-Way / Depressed-on-Unhappy 
Scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BBr-g-mq-v-5-bG=+.60 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-ARE

StudyBrunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993
TitlePersonal Goals and Emotional Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Motive Dispositions.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998, Vol. 75, 494 - 508
PublicUniversity students, Erlangen, Germany,199?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =98

Correlate
Author's labelDaily emotional well being
Page in Source 498
Our classificationA-AB by A-ARE
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions, twice a day during two 
weeks:
..how frequent one experienced in the past half day..
A  happy
B  joyful
C  contented
D cheerful
E frustrated
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist 
(Mathews et. al. 1990)
Observed distributionM=4.62, SD=5.11
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha=.92
Remarks
Average of 12 occasions: two times in every second day 
for 2 weeks (6 days * 2 administrations = 12 occasions)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-mp-mq-n-5-ar=+.33 p < .01
Correlation of mood assessed on the same scale: 
initial mood by by next 2 weeks average daily mood

Similar for males and females
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-ARE

StudyRamzy-Saleh Guirguis & Hermans (1973): study NL 1970
TitleCorrelates of Psychological Well-Being and Emotionality.
SourceGedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie, 1973, Vol. 1, 64 - 91
PublicSecundary school pupils, The Netherlands, 1970
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =89

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 77
Our classificationA-AB by A-ARE
Operationalization
0 Ss with many negative feelings and
  few positive feelings (N = 58)
1 Ss with few negative feelings and
  many positive feelings (N = 28)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-bSNR= +


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of happy moods per day
Page in Source 146
Our classificationA-AB by A-ARE
Operationalization
Repeated direct question of number of happy moods 
experienced during the past day, scored every evening 
during three weeks
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-ARE

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr= + p < .01
% happy mood    : r = +.44 (01)
% unhappy mood  : r = -.29 (01)
% neutral mood  : r = -.32 (01)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelRelative affect balance_B
Page in Source 149
Our classificationA-AB by A-ARE
Operationalization
Ratio of number of happy moods over number of unhappy 
moods per day, as assessed for a period of three weeks 
assessed using the following questions:

A What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel happy?"
B What percentage of the time did you feel unhappy?
C What percentage of the time did you feel neutral 
(neitherhappy nor unhappy)

Ss were told that the three percentages should add up 
to equal 100%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.54 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelRelative affect balance_A
Page in Source 149
Our classificationA-AB by A-ARE
Operationalization
Ratio of percent of day in happy moods over percent of 
day in unhappy moods as assessed using the following 
questions:
A What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel happy?
B What percentage of the time did you feel unhappy?
C What percentage of the time did you feel neutral 
(neither happy nor unhappy)

Ss were told that the three percentages should add up 
to equal 100%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.57 p < .01
% happy moods   : r = +.83 (01)
% neutral moods : r = -.40 (01)
% unhappy moods : r = -.77 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelAbsolute affect balance
Page in Source 149
Our classificationA-AB by A-ARE
Operationalization
Difference score between percent of day in happy moods 
and percent of day in unhappy moods using the following 
questionss
A What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel happy?
B What percentage of the time did you feel unhappy?
C What percentage of the time did you feel neutral 
(neither happy nor unhappy)

Ss were told that the three percentages should add up 
to equal 100%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.87 p < .01
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+.22 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-CA

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1041

Correlate
Author's labelCheerful appearance
Our classificationA-AB by A-CA
Operationalization
Interviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects
A  The look is
     2)  open
     1)  evasive
     -   impossible to say
B  The corners of the mouth turn
     2)  up
     1)  down  
     -   impossible to say
C  The posture is
     2)  relaxed, at ease
     1)  rather tense
     -   impossible to say
D  The movements are
     2)  relaxed, at ease
     1)  limited, withdrawn 
     -   impossible to say 
E   The eyes are
     2)  big, open
     1)  small, screw up
     -   impossible to say
F   The elbows are kept
     2)  not close to the body
     1)  close to the body
     -   impossible to say
G   The lips are more
      2)  broad, full
      1)  thin, pent up
      -   impossible to say
H   All in all the subject looks
      2) quite cheerful
      1)  not very cheerful
      -   difficult to say

Scoring: sum of aspect ratings

Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'
Remarks
happiness measure type A-CA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aG=+.44
Males
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aG=+.40
Females
      
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aG=+.40
Age 45-
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aG=+.39
Age 45+
    
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aG=+.35
Good health
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aG=+.36
Bad health

Data reported in NOELL 1978 table 12


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by A-CA

StudySpijkerboer et al. (2006): study NL 2006
TitleHealth-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents after Invasive Treatment for Congenital Hearth Disease.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2006, Vol. 5, 663 - 673
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-005-3692-z
PublicChildren treated for heart disease 8 years ago, Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response27%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelParents rating of child's happinees
Page in Source 668-9
Our classificationA-AB by A-CA
Operationalization
A Parents rating of childs happiness 
B Child's self rating of own happiness

using the same Affect Balance Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-rdf-v-3-aDM=
                      boy's    girl's   all
parents rating        1,8      2,2      2,0
child's self rating   0,9      1,0      0,9
difference           -0,9     -1,2     -1,1

Parents overrate child's happiness in all cardiac 
diagnostic groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1975 /1
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8309

Correlate
Author's labelCheerful appearance
Page in Source 222
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Allenbacher Ausdrücktest: Interviewer-rating of 
cheerful appearance on the following aspects:
1 look
2 mouth
3 posture
4 movements
5 eyes
6 elbows 
7 lips
8 general appearance 

(AFF 5.3)
Remarks
AFF 5.3a is the last item in the Allensbacher 
Ausdrücktest (general appearance).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.44
1. Look
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.34
2. Mouth
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.47
3. Attitude
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.43
4. Movements
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.33
5. Eyes
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.24
6. Elbows
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-br=+.26
7. Lips


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973 /6
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1041

Correlate
Author's labelCheerful appearance
Page in Source 223
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Interviewer rating of cheerful appearance on the 
following aspects:
- look
- mouth
- posture
- movements
- eyes
- elbow
- lips
- general cheerful appearance
Remarks
Allensbacher Ausdrücktest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.31
- total
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.34
- look
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.28
- mouth
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.28
- posture
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.29
- movements
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.14
- eyes
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.09
- elbows
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.12
- lips
AFF 5.3a is the last item in the Allensbacher 
Ausdrücktest (general cheerfull appearance).


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyHinton (1979): study GB 1978
TitleComparison of Places and Policies for Terminal Care.
SourceThe Lancet, 1979, 6 January, 29 - 32
PublicEnd stage cancer patients, UK,1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response2%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelMood assessments
Page in Source 30
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Rating of patients mood by:
A: Interviewer on the basis of a bedside open interview
B: Nurse
C: Spouce

All ratings expressed on scale
1  depressed
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9  elated
Observed distributionInterviewer rating - depressed 6% - sad 39% - average 26% - cheerful 9% - elated 0% Spouce rating of patient -depressed 7% -sad 37% -average 20% -cheerful 16% -elated 0% Nurse rating of patient -depressed 9% -sad 24% -average 31% -cheerful 16% -elated 0%
Remarks
Ratings collapsed to 5 categories

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-cm-fi-n-9-ar=+.65
patient - spouce
A-ASA-cm-fi-n-9-ar=+.59
patient- nurse
A-ASA-cm-rdf-n-9-ar=+.45
spouce - nurse


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyGartstein & Rothbart (2002): study US Oregon 1997
TitleStudying infant temperament via the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
SourceInfant Behavior & Development 26 (2003) 64-86
Public3-12 months aged infants, Oregon, United States, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelHigh Pleasure
Page in Source 72, 75
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Parent's report on:
Pleasure or enjoyment related to high stimulus 
intensity, rate, complexity, novelty, and incongruity 
(in total 11 items like "During a peek-a-boo game, how 
often did the baby smile?")

Rated:
1  never
2  very rarely
3  less than half the time
4  about half the time
5  more than half the time
6  almost always
7  always
Remarks
Part of the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire 
(IBQ-R); Same rating scale as used for rating of 
happiness with cheerful appearance

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-bmr=+.46
boys:  r=+.46 p<.01
girls: r=+.45 p<.01
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-bamr=+.20
boys:  r=+.20 p<.01
girls: r=+.20 p<.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyGartstein & Rothbart (2002): study US Oregon 1997
TitleStudying infant temperament via the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
SourceInfant Behavior & Development 26 (2003) 64-86
Public3-12 months aged infants, Oregon, United States, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelSmile/Laughter
Page in Source 72, 73, 75
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Parent's report on:
Smiling or laughter during general caretaking and play. 
(in total 10 items like "How often during the last week 
did the baby smile or laugh when given a toy?")

Rated:
1  never
2  very rarely
3  less than half the time
4  about half the time
5  more than half the time
6  almost always
7  always
Remarks
Part of the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire 
(IBQ-R); Same rating scale as used for rating of 
happiness with cheerful appearance

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-abmr=+.46
boys:  r=+.46 p<.01
girls: r=+.45 p<.01
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-bamr=+.38
boys:  r=+.35 p<.01
girls: r=+.41 p<.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyGartstein & Rothbart (2002): study US Oregon 1997
TitleStudying infant temperament via the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire
SourceInfant Behavior & Development 26 (2003) 64-86
Public3-12 months aged infants, Oregon, United States, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelCaregivers
Page in Source 72, 76
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
correlation for the IBQ-R subscales scores between the 
primary and the secondary caregivers
Observed distributionprimary: 90% mothers, secondary: 58% fathers (N=26)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-br=+.30 ns
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-abr=+.30 ns
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-bar=+.37 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyRobinson et al. (2001): study US 1986
TitleDispositional Cheerfullness. Early Genetic and Environmental Influences.
SourceEmde, R.N.; Hewitt, J.K.: Eds.: ''Infancy to Early Childhood'', Oxford University Press, 2001, New York, USA, 163 - 177
PublicToddlers, same-sex twins, Colorado, United States, followed from 14 to 24 months of age, 1986-1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelStability of positive hedonic tone across situations
Page in Source 167-170
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Rating from behavior recorded on video tape:

A: During BAYLEY TEST:
- completed 30 min after experimenter arrived at the 
home
- test consists of a give-and-take between the child 
seated in a chair and a female experimenter
- child is presented a toy
- an action is modeled
- child responses
- toy is removed
- a new toy is presented
- Experimenter maintains a posivitve, animating tone.

B: During FREE PLAY SITUATION
- 2 hours after experimenters have arrived at the home
- standard set of 10 toys is arranged on floor
- mother sits in chair, allowed to respond but not to 
initiate
- both twins play freely while being filmed

Rating scale:
1 no positive emotion observed
2 positive interest
3 smiling
4 strong laughter
Observed distribution- at age 14 month: Bayley: M=2.41 sd=.33 N=393 Free play: M=2.23 sd=.27 N=394 - at age 20 month: Bayley: M=2.44 sd=.31 N=367 Free play: M=2.30 sd=.28 N=369 at age 24 month: Bayley: M=2.50 sd=.34 N=354 Free play: M=2.25 sd=.22 N=354
Remarks
in both test situations the positive Hedonic Tone Scale 
was used (Easterbrooks & Emde, 1083);
Bayley: 40-45 min period, rating in 1-min intervals, 
sampled in 5-min blocks (i.e. 5 min on, 5 min off)
Free play: 15 min period, rated continuously, 30 sec 
intervals

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mi-tsb-v-4-ar=+.34 p < .01
at age 14 months (N=368)
A-CA-mi-tsb-v-4-ar=+.37 p < .01
at age 20 months (N=343)
A-CA-mi-tsb-v-4-ar=+.25 p < .01
at age 24 months (N=356)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-CA by A-CA

StudyRothbart (1981): study US Oregon 1976
TitleMeasurement of Temperament in Infancy
SourceChild development, 1981, 52, 560-578
DOIDOI:009-3920/81/5202-0005$01.001
Public3-12 months aged infants, Oregon, United States, 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41%
Respondents N =215

Correlate
Author's labelStability
Page in Source 574, 575
Our classificationA-CA by A-CA
Operationalization
Intercorrelation of 15 ratings of happy appearance 
(smiling and laughter) at different months of age
Remarks
Cohort 1: completed IBQ at 3, 6, 9 & 12 months
Cohort 2: completed IBQ at 6, 9 & 12 months
Cohort 3: completed IBQ at 9 & 12 months
all Stability Correlations two-tailed tested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-amr=+.70 p < .001
COHORT 1
3-6 months:  r=+.60
3-9 months:  r=+.63
3-12 months: r=+.57
6-9 months:  r=+.81
6-12 months: r=+.78
9-12 months: r=+.80
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-amr=+.72 p < .001
COHORT 2
6-9 months:  r=+.73
6-12 months: r=+.66
9-12 months: r=+.78
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-ar=+.58 p < .001
COHORT 3


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of happy moods per day
Page in Source 146
Our classificationA-ARE by A-ARE
Operationalization
Repeated direct question of number of happy moods 
experienced during the past day, scored every evening 
during three weeks
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-ARE

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr= + p < .01
% happy mood    : r = +.44 (01)
% unhappy mood  : r = -.29 (01)
% neutral mood  : r = -.32 (01)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of unhappy moods per day
Page in Source 146
Our classificationA-ARE by A-ARE
Operationalization
Repeated direct question on number of unhappy moods 
experienced during the past day, scored every evening 
during three weeks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr= - p < .01
% happy mood    : r = -.33 (01)
% unhappy mood  : r = +.49 (01)
% neutral mood  : r = +.07 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelRelative affect balance_B
Page in Source 149
Our classificationA-ARE by A-ARE
Operationalization
Ratio of number of happy moods over number of unhappy 
moods per day, as assessed for a period of three weeks 
assessed using the following questions:

A What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel happy?"
B What percentage of the time did you feel unhappy?
C What percentage of the time did you feel neutral 
(neitherhappy nor unhappy)

Ss were told that the three percentages should add up 
to equal 100%.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.54 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelRelative affect balance_A
Page in Source 149
Our classificationA-ARE by A-ARE
Operationalization
Ratio of percent of day in happy moods over percent of 
day in unhappy moods as assessed using the following 
questions:
A What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel happy?
B What percentage of the time did you feel unhappy?
C What percentage of the time did you feel neutral 
(neither happy nor unhappy)

Ss were told that the three percentages should add up 
to equal 100%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.57 p < .01
% happy moods   : r = +.83 (01)
% neutral moods : r = -.40 (01)
% unhappy moods : r = -.77 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by A-ARE

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelAbsolute affect balance
Page in Source 149
Our classificationA-ARE by A-ARE
Operationalization
Difference score between percent of day in happy moods 
and percent of day in unhappy moods using the following 
questionss
A What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel happy?
B What percentage of the time did you feel unhappy?
C What percentage of the time did you feel neutral 
(neither happy nor unhappy)

Ss were told that the three percentages should add up 
to equal 100%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.87 p < .01
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+.22 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by A-ARE

StudyCameron (1975): study US 1970
TitleMood as an Indicant of Happiness: Age, Sex, Social Class and Situational Differences.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 216 - 224
PublicCollege students, Detroit, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =187

Correlate
Author's labelMood
Page in Source 218/220
Our classificationA-ARE by A-ARE
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, asked 21 times in a 
period of 10 weeks (experience sampling)
How would you characterize your mood or impulse of the 
last instant....?
3  happy
2  neutral
1  sad
Summation: average of 21 scores.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-ar=_.41 p < .001
Frequency of happy mood by frequency of neutral 
mood
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-ar=-.35 p < .001
Frequency of unhappy mood by frequency of neutral 
mood
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-ar= ns
Frequency of happy moods by frequency of unhappy 
moods


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Cantril ladder)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. 
Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best 
possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst 
possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do 
you feel you personally stand at the present time?"

Ratings:
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.78
O-HL-g-sq-n-11-br=+.81
A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-ar=+.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyTsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014
TitleGreenery and Subjective Well-Being: Assessing the Monetary Value of Greenery by Type.
SourceEcological Economics, 2018, Vol. 148, 152 - 169
URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800917309503
Public20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =2758

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (Affect Balance)
Page in Source 154
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on feelings during activities in the 
previous day (Day Reconstruction Method)

A  worried
B  rushed
C  irritated or angry
D  depressed
E  tense or stressed
F  calm or relaxed
G  enjoying

Rated:
1  not at all
2  a little
3  very much

Computation: (A+B+C+D+E)/5 - (F+G)/2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.58
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ccr=+.51
O-HL-g-sq-n-11-br=+.64


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyVerkuyten (1986a): study NL 1984
TitleThe Impact of Ethnic and Sex Differences on Happiness among Adolescents in the Netherlands.
SourceJournal of Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 126, 259 - 260
PublicAdolescents, autochtones and allochtones, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1984
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =261

Correlate
Author's labelHedonic affect
Page in Source 260
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.33 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.33 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelCircles
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Self report on question:
Here are some circles that we can imagine to represent 
the lives of different people .Circle 8 has the plusses 
in it to represent a person who has all the good things 
in his life. Circle zero has all the minusses in it, 
representing a person who has all the bad things in his 
life. Which circle comes closest to matching your life?

Rated on a pictoral scale of nine circles.
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.75 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyBaptista et al. (2016): study PT 2015
TitleWhat are People saying when they report they are Happy or Life Satisfied?
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2016, Vol. 32, 803 - 809
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
DOIdoi: 10.6018/analesps.32.3.229121
Public18+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2015
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =409

Correlate
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in Source 805-806
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

If you remember your own life last month, where do you 
stand on the ladder from worst possible to best 
possible life you can imagine? On which step on the 
ladder is your life?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible
Remarks
WDH code: C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-fr=+.62 p < .001
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-fBeta=+.35 p < .001
Beta controlled for Subjective well-being 
(Satisfaction With Life Scale, SWLS)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyDuckitt (1982): study ZA 1980
TitleSocial Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
SourceHumanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129
Public65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 124
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.59 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance_A
Page in Source 92
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Rated: 1) never felt' to 4 'felt a lot'

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.30
Index of negative affects: r=-.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-BW

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelOverall happiness Ladder: most_A
Page in Source 92
Our classificationA-AB by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the 
ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to 
have. At the top is the best life you might expect to 
have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere 
in between. Where was your life most of the time during 
the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ] 
[ 2 ]   
[ 1 ]  worst life you might expect to have

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-BW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-RW

StudyHarding (1982): study GB 1975
TitlePsychological Well-Being in Great Britain: An Evaluation of the Bradburn Affect Balance Scale.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1982, Vol. 3, 167 -175
DOIDOI:10.1016/0191-8869(82)90031-9
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, Great-Britain, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =932

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness (A-AB by C-RW)
Page in Source 173
Our classificationA-AB by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
In getting the things you want out of life, how would 
you say that you are  right now.....?"
3  very well
2  pretty well
1  not too well
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32
Positive Affect r=+.21                           
Negative Affect r=-.24             


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-RW

StudyPayne (1974): study GB 1972
TitleN.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
SourceM.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK
PublicEmployed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample
Non-Response4% incomplete.
Respondents N =192

Correlate
Author's labelGetting what one wants from life
Page in Source 17
Our classificationA-AB by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
When you think of the things you want from life, how 
would you say that you're doing in getting the things 
you want.....?"
2  pretty well
1  not too well
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aG=
Index of Positive Affects: G = -.19
Index of Negative AFfects: G = -.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by C-RW

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelGetting what one wants from life _B
Our classificationA-AB by C-RW
Operationalization
Selfreport on singlet question: 
When you think of the things you want from life, how 
would you say you are doing now in getting the things 
you want?
1 not too well
2 pretty well
3 very well
Remarks
Happiness measure type C-RW
Data T1. Not computed for summed ABS.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+.47 p < .05
Index of Positive Affects: G= +.37 (05)
Index of Negative Affects: G= -.35 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by C-RW

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelFeelings of failure to fulfill ambitions
Page in Source 110
Our classificationA-ARE by C-RW
Operationalization
Content analysis of a 60-item Q sort, filled out both 
in very elated and in very depressed moods for 
self-concept ('an accurate picture of yourself as you 
honestly feel and believe you are!)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= - p < .05
Analysis on the basis of comparison between 9 re- 
latively happy and 8 relatively unhappy males, 
both in elation and in depression.

The unhappy men appeared to be more ambitious, but 
are also less able to fulfill their ambitions. 
Especially in depression they feel ineffective, 
unable to get what they want, pessimistic, and 
unable to absorb frustration.


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-ARE by C-BW

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelElation vs depression
Page in Source 216
Our classificationA-ARE by C-BW
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, answered every evening 
before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)
On average;  how elated or depressed,  happy or unhappy 
you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9  Very elated and in very high spirits.Tremendous 
delight and buoyancy
8  Elated and in high spirits
7  Feeling very good and cheerful
6  Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5  Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4  Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3  Depressed and feeling very low.  Definitely 'blue'
2  Tremendously depressed.
   Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1  Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is 
black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name:  Wessman & Ricks'  `Elation - depression scale'
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-ARE

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.26
Mean daily average mood: r = +.26 (05)
Mean daily highest mood: r = +.29 (05)
Mean daily lowest mood : r = +.16 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt satisfied
Page in Source 76
Our classificationHedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or
otherwise in the past few weeks):
"How often have you felt satisfied?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.67 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.67 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt discontented
Our classificationHedonic level and mixed indicators of happiness
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt discontented?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.71 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.61 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyKozma & Stones (1980): study CA 1975
TitleThe Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (M.U.N.S.H.).
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1980, Vol. 35, 906 - 912
Public65-95 aged, New Foundland, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in Source 909
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
 yes = 1
 no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard 
version)
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-mq-?-6-ar=+.55
Happiness (M-FH), assessed by a 2 item index of 
questions on happiness `at this moment' and `over 
the past month'


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyPalisi (1985b): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleVoluntary Associations and Well-Being in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross Cultural Evidence.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 22, 265 - 288
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness
Page in Source 276
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single  question:
......happiness during past few weeks.....
(Full lead not reported)
4  very happy
3
2
1  not too happy
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.44
London
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.60
Los Angeles
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.49
Sydney


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's label7-step happiness
Page in Source 34
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Taking all things together, how would you say you have 
been this period? Check the phrase that best describes 
how you have felt
7  very happy
6  happy
5  somewhat happy
4  mixed (about equally happy and unhappy)
3  somewhat unhappy
2  unhappy
1  very unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.74 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelNet time happy
Page in Source 34
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
What percentage of the time you were awake today did 
you feel
1 happy
2 unhappy or neutral
Remarks
Happiness measure M-TH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.68 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFaces
Page in Source 34
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about 
your life as a whole?
7  completely happy
6
5
4  neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1  completely unhappy

Rated on pictorial scale using smilies
Remarks
happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=.53 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling about life as a whole: Faces: whole life_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about 
your life as a whole?
7  completely happy
6
5
4  neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1  completely unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-AO

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.40
Index of negative affects: r=-.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks delighted_D
Page in Source 92
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?...pleased...most- ly satisfied...mixed - about 
equally satisfied and dissatisfied...mostly   
dissatisfied...unhappy...terrible..."

Measure: number of weeks feeling delighted
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-TH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.20
Index of negative affects: r=-.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWeeks unhappy_B
Page in Source 92
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Closed question: "Think back over what your life has 
been like during the past ten weeks. It may help to try 
to remember some of the specific things that happened 
to you, or which you did during this period. Your 
answers should add up to ten weeks. For what part of 
that time did you feel delighted about your life as a 
whole?...pleased...most-
ly satisfied...mixed - about equally satisfied and 
disatisfied...mostly
dissatisfied...unhappy...terrible..."

Measure: number of weeks felt unhappy
Remarks
Happiness measure type M-TH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.40
Index of positive affects: r=-.30
Index of negative affects: r=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyBrenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =916

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of affect_C
Page in Source 328
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:

Please tell me how often you have felt this way during 
the past week ....?"

A   I enjoyed life
B   I felt depressed

Answer options:
1  really none of the time
2  some or a little of the time
3  occasionally or a moderate amount of the time
4  most of the time

Summation: average scores on A and B

Name: Brenner's `Enjoyed/Depressed Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BBr-g-mq-v-5-bG=+.68 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelAffect balance_F
Page in Source 92
Our classificationA-AB by M-AO
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  
(yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something 
 
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Rated: 1) never felt' to 4 'felt a lot'

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AB

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.40
Index of positive affects: r=+.40
Index of negative affects: r=-.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AB by M-AO

StudyGaitz & Scott (1972): study US Texas 1969
TitleAge and the Measurement of Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 55 -67
PublicAdults, general public, Houston, Texas, USA, 1969
Sample
Non-Response2%, aged Mexican-Americans of high socio-economic status only
Respondents N =1441