Findings on Happiness and NATION: LIFESTYLE

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and main subject: NATION: LIFESTYLE

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Nr of Studieson subject
NATION: LIFESTYLE
  Development of lifestules in onr's nation
  Current life-style in nation
    Art of living in nation
      Hedonism in nation
      Interest in life in nation
    Health behaviour in nation
1       Alcohol consumption in nation
5       Nutrition in nation
1       Smoking in nation
1       Sun protection in nation
1     Sporting in nation
    Time regime in nation
3       Pace of life in nation
  Attitudes to life-style in nation

Appendices
Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
Appendix 2: Statistics used
Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness
Appendix 4: Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness
Appendix 5: Related Subjects

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and NATION: LIFESTYLE
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=0115
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2021, Netherlands


Correlational finding on Happiness and Alcohol consumption in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelAlcohol
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationAlcohol consumption in nation
Operationalization
% Alcohol consumption

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=
% Moderate drinkers|non drinkers
Dissatisfied            60
Neutral                 70
Moderately satisfied    64
Very satisfied          60
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=- ns
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              0.63 CI95 [0.46-0.85]
Moderately satisfied 0.82 CI95 [0.62-1.07]
Very satisfied       0.93 CI95 [0.64-1.37]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced in Western Europe and USA
- less pronounced in Central and Eastern Europe
- no data for Pacific Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005 /1
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelHungry
Page in Source 137,140,141
Our classificationNutrition in nation
Operationalization
Single direct question:
" Have there been times in the past 12 months when you 
or your family have gone hungry?"
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.58 p < .01
AVERAGE happiness by PERCENTAGE of hungry 
respondents in nation
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.33
rpc controlled for average household income in 
nation
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=
CHANGE AVERAGE happiness by CHANGE PERCENTAGE 
hungry respondents in 163 nations 2006-2013


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005 /1
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelNo food
Page in Source 137,140,141
Our classificationNutrition in nation
Operationalization
Single direct question:
" Have there been times in the past 12 months when you 
did not have enough money to buy food that you and your 
family needed?"
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.72 p < .01
AVERAGE happiness by PERCENTAGE of respondents 
that did not have enough food in nation
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-crpc=-.39
rpc controlled for average household income in 
nation
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.30 p < .01
CHANGE AVERAGE happiness by CHANGE PERCENTAGE 
respondents reporting unsufficient food, in 163 
nations 2006-2013


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelFat avoidance
Page in Source yable 2
Our classificationNutrition in nation
Operationalization
% fat avoidance

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Fat avoidance
Dissatisfied            30
Neutral                 34
Moderately satisfied    37
Very satisfied          38
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+ p < .023
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.16 CI95 [0.93-1.53]
Moderately satisfied 1.30 CI95 [1.03-1.63]
Very satisfied       1.39 CI95 [1.04-1.86]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced and significant in Central and 
Eastern Europe
- non significant in Western Europe and USA
- non significant in Pacific Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelFiber intake
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationNutrition in nation
Operationalization
% Fiber intake

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=
% Fat avoidance
Dissatisfied            33
Neutral                 31
Moderately satisfied    34
Very satisfied          32
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR= p < .999
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              0.88 CI95 [0.68-1.33]
Moderately satisfied 0.97 CI95 [0.78-1.22]
Very satisfied       0.94 CI95 [0.71-1.24]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced but non significant in Pacific 
Asia
- non significant in Western Europe and USA
- non significant in Central and Eastern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelFruit intake
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationNutrition in nation
Operationalization
% Fruit intake

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Fruit intake
Dissatisfied            36
Neutral                 38
Moderately satisfied    44
Very satisfied          49
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR= p < .003
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.12 CI95 [0.90-1.40]
Moderately satisfied 1.41 CI95 [1.08-1.84]
Very satisfied       1.70 CI95 [1.20-2.44]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced and significant in Pacific Asia
- less pronounced but significant in Central and 
Eastern Europe
- non significant in Western Europe and USA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Smoking in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelSmoking in nation
Page in Source 264
Our classificationSmoking in nation
Operationalization
% non-smokers  in region

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+ p < .001
% non-smokers among ..
Dissatisfied         67   
Neutral              73
Moderately satisfied 76
Very satisfied       81
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+
Dissatisfied         1   
Neutral              1,14 CI95 [0.92-1,41]
Moderately satisfied 1,24 CI95 [1,04-1,47]
Very satisfied       1,57 CI95 [1,16-2,13]

Similar pattern in all regions of the world
- most pronounced in Pacific Asia
- least proniunced in Central and Eastern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sun protection in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelSun protection
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationSun protection in nation
Operationalization
% sun protection

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Sun protection
Dissatisfied            63
Neutral                 63
Moderately satisfied    74
Very satisfied          74
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+ p < .001
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.01 CI95 [0.75-1.36]
Moderately satisfied 1.55 CI95 [1.23-1.96]
Very satisfied       1.79 CI95 [1.34-2.39]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced in Central and Eastern Europe
- less pronounced in Western Europe and USA
- non significant in Pacific Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting in nation

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelPhysical exercise
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationSporting in nation
Operationalization
% Physical exercise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Physical exercise
Dissatisfied            61
Neutral                 63
Moderately satisfied    70
Very satisfied          77
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+ p < .001
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.11 CI95 [0.92-1.33]
Moderately satisfied 1.52 CI95 [1.28-1.80]
Very satisfied       2.17 CI95 [1.80-2.64]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced but non significant in Central 
and Eastern Europe
- less pronounced and non significant in Western 
Europe and USA
- least pronounced and non significant in Pacific 
Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pace of life in nation

StudyGarhammer (2002): study ZZ Developed nations 1999
TitlePace of Life and Enjoyment of Life.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2002, Vol. 3, 217 - 256
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1020676100938
Public16+ aged, general public, 16 modern nations, 1996-1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =240000

Correlate
Author's labelTime pressure at work
Page in Source 238
Our classificationPace of life in nation
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions
a: Does your job involve working at very high speed?
b: Does your job involve working to tight deadlines?
Rated
1 = all the time
:
4= around half of the tim
 5 = around 1/4 of the time
7 = never
Remarks
Data taken from 3rd European Survey on Working 
Conditions Items: Q.21
Rating reversed by WDH-team den

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.50 p < .08
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE time pressure in 16 
developed nations
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Pace of life in nation

StudyLevine & Norenzayan (1999): study ZZ Developed nations 1992
TitleThe Pace of Life in 31 Countries.
SourceJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1999, Vol. 30, 178 - 205
DOIDOI: 10.1177/0022022199030002003
PublicAdults, general public, 15 cities in developed nations, 1992-1995
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =20000

Correlate
Author's labelPace of life
Page in Source 191
Our classificationPace of life in nation
Operationalization
Index of:
A Walking speed
B Postal speed
C Clock deviation 

Observation in cities

A: Walking speed. Male and female walking speed over a 
distance of 60 feet was measured in at least two 
locations in main downtown areas in each city. 
Measurements were taken during main business hours on 
clear summer days. Only pedestrians walking alone were 
used. 

B: Postal speed. The time it took postal workers to 
complete a standard rewuest for stamps was measured in 
each country. The dependent measure was the time 
elapsed between the pasing of the note and completion 
of the request. A minimum of eight postal clerks were 
approached in each city. 

C: Clock accuracy. As a sample of concern with clock 
time, the accuracy of 15 clocks, in randomly selected 
downtown banks, werd checked in each country.
Error EstimatesCorrelations of overall index with components: r= A: +.76, B: +.80, C: +.69. Intercorrelations: A-B: +.48, A-C: +.25, B-C: +.32
Remarks
Data available on both happiness and pace of life: 
Switserland, Japan, Italy, England, Sweden, 
Netherlands, France, Poland, Singapore, United States, 
Canada, South Korea, Hungary, Greece, Mexico

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO---sq-*-11-ar=+.40 ns
Walking speed
M-CO---sq-*-11-ar=+.54 p < .05
Postal speed
M-CO---sq-*-11-ar=+.31 ns
Clock deviation
M-CO---sq-*-11-ar=+.59 p < .05
Overall Pace of Life index


Correlational finding on Happiness and Pace of life in nation

StudyVeenhoven (2005a): study ZZ 1990
TitleHappiness is Hardship.
SourceBruni, L.;Porta, P.L.:"Economics and Happiness", Oxford University Press, 2005, UK, 243 - 266
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8649
PublicAdults, general public, 55 nations, 1990s
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =75000

Correlate
Author's labelTime pressure
Page in Source 250
Our classificationPace of life in nation
Operationalization
Frequency of high work speed, or tight deadlines:
 0 = never
 .
 .
 6 = all the time

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bD%=+
% happy by average time pressure in 13 nations
Set Image size:   



Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
M-CO---sq-*-11-aSelf report on different single questions

Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale
- scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing
- scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering the whole situation: how satisfied are you about your daily life?
1 very unsatisfied
2 unsatisfied
3 neither unsatisfied, nor satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original (very unsatisfied '5', very satisfied '1')


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
OROR: Odds ratio in binary logistic regression.

Happiness is a binary or dichotomous variable with Happy =1 and Unhappy=0.

OR < 1 indicates that the odds of being happy-to-being unhappy
decreases by a factor OR when

1) the corresponding metric correlate increases by one unit
2) the corresponding category of a categorical correlate is compared to the reference category.

OR > 1 indicates an increase by a factor OR for both the above cases.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness


A new version of this website is available since 2020 August 1 at the old address worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl
This old website is renamed as worlddatabaseofhappiness-archive.eur.nl and is still maintained.
The new website links to some parts of this old website for the time being.


Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
14971 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 7730 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1354 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12851 distributional findings in the general public, of which 9280 in 173 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3571 findings in 2299 regions and cities in nations.
3068 studies with findings in 175 specific publics.
20128 correlational findings observed in 2592 studies, excerpted from 1898 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Number of Studies
ACTIVITY (how much one does)3
ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)374
AFFECTIVE LIFE81
AGE857
AGGRESSION15
ANOMY35
APPEARANCE (good looks)28
ATTITUDES17
AUTHORITARIANISM4
BIRTH CONTROL2
BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)201
BODY113
CHILDREN13
CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)349
CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN40
CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN19
CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)36
COMMUNAL LIVING16
COMPETENCES21
CONCERNS50
CONSUMPTION174
COPING71
CREATIVENESS8
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR3
CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)51
DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
DISASTER3
EDUCATION724
EMPLOYMENT 1078
ERA (temporal period)163
ETHNICITY231
EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
EVENTS2
FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)528
FAMILY OF PROCREATION154
FAMILY OF RELATIVES270
FARMING68
FREEDOM59
FRIENDSHIP375
GENDER840
GRIEF1
HABITS2
HANDICAP55
HAPPINESS: BEHAVIOR4
HAPPINESS: CAREER302
HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS20
HAPPINESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS3
HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES397
HAPPINESS: OF OTHERS23
HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS27
HAPPINESS: SEQUALE1
HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS164
HEALTH: BEHAVIOR67
HEALTH: MENTAL308
HEALTH: PHYSICAL966
HEALTH: PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS71
HEALTH: PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT548
HEALTH: TREATMENT MEDICAL201
HELPING19
HOPE38
HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION336
HOUSEHOLD: WORK48
HOUSING389
INCOME1385
INSTITUTIONAL LIVING64
INTELLIGENCE92
INTERNET205
INTERESTS29
INTERVIEW 104
INTIMACY220
LANGUAGE51
LEADERSHIP15
LEISURE470
LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS527
LIFE CHANGE72
LIFE EVENTS149
LIFE GOALS131
LIFE HISTORY12
LIFE STYLE 76
LOCAL: CULTURE11
LOCAL: DEMOGRAPHY38
LOCAL: ECONOMY238
LOCAL: GEOGRAPHY303
LOCAL: LIVABILITY (fit with human needs/capacities)8
LOCAL: POLITICS14
LOCAL: RESIDENCE89
LOCAL: SOCIETY263
LOTTERY13
LOVE-LIFE46
MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER120
MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS1050
MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP197
MARRIAGE: PARTNER84
MEANING35
MEDITATION8
MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY125
MIGRATION: TO OTHER REGION1
MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)54
MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN REGION0
MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
MILITARY LIFE14
MINORITY STATUS0
MODERNITY62
MOOD408
MOTIVATION25
MOBILITY (travel)0
NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONE'S NATION80
NATION: CULTURE191
NATION: DEMOGRAPHY40
NATION: ECONOMY498
NATION: GEOGRAPHY90
NATION: HISTORY7
NATION: JUSTICE61
NATION: LIFESTYLE12
NATION: LIVABILITY (fit with human needs/capacities)70
NATION: NATIONALITY82
NATION: PERSONALITY (modal)88
NATION: POLITICS234
NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION23
NATION: SOCIETY315
NUTRITION184
OCCUPATION262
PERFORMANCE149
PERSONALITY: HISTORY57
PERSONALITY: CHANGE15
PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS864
PERSONALITY: LATER22
PETS4
PLANNING12
POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR320
POPULARITY33
PREFERENCES6
POSSESSIONS274
PRISON3
PROBLEMS40
REGION OF RESIDENCE112
REGION: CULTURE11
REGION: DEMOGRAPHY9
REGION: ECONOMY48
REGION: GEOGRAPHY34
REGION: HISTORY0
REGION: LIVABILITY. Fit environment - human needs/capacities6
REGION: PERSONALITY0
REGION: POLITICS11
REGION: POSITION1
REGION: SOCIETY7
RELIGION548
RESOURCES37
RETIREMENT170
ROLES31
SCHOOL1429
SELF-IMAGE355
SEX-LIFE88
SLEEP19
SOCIAL MOBILITY27
SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS114
SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS162
SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)61
SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS211
SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED148
SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED25
SPORTS226
STIMULANTS104
SUICIDE10
SUMMED DETERMINANTS217
SUSTAINABLE BEHAVIOR0
TIME 239
TOLERANCE40
TRAVEL30
TREATMENT0
TRUST71
VALUE DEVELOPMENT8
VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)172
VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)14
VALUES: LIVING UP TO20
VICTIM 47
WAR9
WISDOM1
WORK: CAREER2
WORK: CONDITIONS152
WORK: ATTITUDES466
WORK: PERFORMANCE42
WORRIES60
UNCLASSIFIED31
X0


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
NATION: LIFESTYLELIFE STYLE
Development of lifestules in onr's nationNATION: HISTORY
Hedonism in nationHedonic values in nation
Hedonism in nationHedonic values
Interest in life in nationINTERESTS
Interest in life in nationInterested
Health behaviour in nationHEALTH: BEHAVIOR
Health behaviour in nationAttitudes to own health
Alcohol consumption in nationUse of alcohol
Nutrition in nationNUTRITION
Sun protection in nationCurrent healthy life-style
Sporting in nationSuccess in sports of nation
Sporting in nationSPORTS
Time regime in nationTIME
Pace of life in nationModernity of nation

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings