Democracy in nations

Voice and accountability , Political rights    Civil liberties     Estes political participation index

Variable Measurement Era SPSS code N Source
Voice and accountability

 

Includes a number of indicators measuring various aspects of political process, civil liberties and political rights.
Indicators measure the extent to which citizens of a country are able to participate in the selection of governments and the independence of the media.

Expressed in z-scores
1998 DemocracyIndex1_1998 90 Kaufmann 2007 World Bank:table C1
2001 DemocracyIndex1_2001 90
2002 DemocracyIndex1_2002 174
2006 DemocracyIndex1_2006 175
2012 DemocracyIndex1_2012  
Suppression of political rights Expert ratings on 9 item index of political rights:
1. State leader elected through free and fair elections, 2. Legislative representatives elected through free and fair elections, 3. Fair electoral laws, equal campaigning opportunities, fair polling and honest tabulation of ballots, 4. Freely elected representatives have real power, 5. Right to organize in political parties, system open to rise and fall of competing groups, 6. Realistic possibility for opposition, de facto opposition power, 7. National independence, 8. Influence of minority groups, 9. Political power decentralized.

Index range 1-7, high scores meaning more supperssion and less democracy
1972-79 PoliticalRights_1970s 89

Freedom House 2005

1980-89 PoliticalRights_1980s 89
1990-99 PoliticalRights_1990s 105
2000-04 PotiticalRights_2000s 105
1999 PoliticalRights_1999 104
2000 PoliticalRights_2000 104
2001 PoliticalRights_2001 104
2002 PoliticalRights_2002 104
2003 PoliticalRights_2003 104
2004 PoliticalRights_2004 140
Suppression of civil liberties

Expert ratings on 11 item index of civil liberties:
1. Free and independent media, 2. Open public discussion, free private discussion, 3. Freedom of assembly and demonstration, 4. Freedom of political organization, 5. Equal law, nondiscriminatory judiciary, 6. Protection from political terror, 7. Free trade unions, effective collective bargening, 8. Free professional and other private organizations, 9. Free business, 10. Free religion, 11. Personal freedoms such as: gender equality, property rights, freedom of movement, choice of residence, choice of marriage and size of family.

Index range 1-7, high scores meaning more suppression and less democracy

1972-79 CivilLiberties_1970s 89

Freedom House 2005

1980-89 CivilLiberties_1980s 89
1990_99 CivilLiberties_1990s 105
2000-04 CivilLiberties_2000s 105
1999 CivilLiberties_1999 104
2000 CivilLiberties_2000 104
2001 CivilLiberties_2001 104
2002 CivilLiberties_2002 104
2003 CivilLiberties_2003 104
2004 CivilLiberties_2004 104
2013 CivilLiberties_2013 176
Suppression of political rights and civil liberties Political rights + civil liberties

Index range 2-14, high scores meaning more suppression and less democracy
1972-79 DemocracyIndex2_1970s 89

Summed PoliticalRights and CivilLiberties

 

1980-89 DemocracyIndex2_1980s 89
1990-99 DemocracyIndex2_1990s 105
2000-04 DemocracyIndex2_2000s 105
1999 DemocracyIndex2_1995 104
2000 DemocracyIndex2_2000 104
2001 DemocracyIndex2_2001 104
2002 DemocracyIndex2_2002 104
2003 DemocracyIndex2_2003 104
2004 DemocracyIndex2_2004 104
Estes' Political Participation subindex 1. Years since independence (+), 2. Years since most recent constitution (+), 3. Presence and functioning of a parliamentary system (+), 4. Presence and functioning of a party system (+), 5. Influence of military (-), 6. Number of popular elections held (+)
(Part of the Index of Social Progress)
1979-80 DemocracyIndex3_1980 47 Estes 1984: table 5-1
VanHanen's Index of Democracy (ID) A: Competition, % votes won by largest party minus 100
B: Participation, % voters of total population (not franchised population)
Computation: A x B / 100
1968 DemocracyIndex4_1968 176 Vanhanen 1990: table 2.2
1978 DemocracyIndex4_1978 176
1988 DemocracyIndex4_1988 176
1998 DemocracyIndex4_1998 176
2000 Democracyindex4_2000 176
Economist Intelligence Democracy Index 1. Electoral process and pluralism, 2. Functioning of government, 3. Political participation, 4. Political culture, 5. Civil liberties
Expressed in score on range 0-10
2006 DemocracyIndex5_2006 137

Economist

 

Free assembly   2008 FreeAssembly_2008 112 Human Freedom Index
2010 FreeAssembly_2010 117
2011 FreeAssembly_2011 130
2012 FreeAssembly_2012 130
2013 FreeAssembly_2013 132
2014 FreeAssembly_2014 134

Related variables:
Humana index; see topic Human rights
Trust in government; see topic Trust

Related topics:
Corruption
Free press
Governance

Related themes:
Freedom
Government
Institutional quality
Politics


States of Nations is an inventory of country characteristics. It is part of the World Database of Happiness


Keywords added: Cross-national, Democracy, Civil liberties, Political rights, Voice and accountability