Governance in nations

Variable Measurement Era SPSS code N Source
Government effectiveness Aggregation of subjective assesments.
Combines perceptions of the quality of public service provision, the quality of the bureaucracy, the competence of civil servants, the independence of civil service from political pressure, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to policies into a single grouping. The main focus of this index is on inputs required for the government to be able to produce and implement good policies and deliver public goods.
1997/98 GovEffectiveness_1998 91 Kaufmann c.s. 1999a, World Bank
2000/01 GovEffectiveness_2001 91 Kaufmann c.s. 2002 table C3
2002 GovEffectiveness_2002 175 Kaufmann 2003, table C3
2006 GovEffectiveness_2006 175 Kaufmann 2007 table C3
2012 GovEffectiveness_2012 175  
Regulatory quality Aggregated indicator, subjective assesments.
Includes measures of the incidence of market-unfriendly policies such as price controls or inadequate bank supervision, as well as perceptions of the burdens imposed by excessive regulation in areas such as foreign trade and business development.
1998 RegulatoryQuality_1998 91 Kaufmann. 1999a table C4
2001 RegulatoryQuality_2001 91 Kaufmann 2002, table C4
2002 RegulatoryQuality_2002 175 Kaufmann 2003, table C4
2006 RegulatoryQuality_2006 175 Kaufmann 2007 table C4
Democratic quality of governance Index of 1) voice and accountability, 2) political instability and violence (identical to variable Democracy1).
Estimates based on various sources, among which surveys among businessmen

2002 GovDemocraticQuality_2002 171
2006 GovDemocraticQuality_2006 172
2012 GovDemocraticQuality_2012 175

Technical quality of governance

Index of 1) government effectiveness, 2) regulatory quality, 3) rule of law and 4) control of corruption (= variable Corruption3).
Estimates based on various sources, among which surveys among businessmen
2002 GovTechnicalQuality_2002 173
2006 GovTechnicalQuality_2006 172
2012 GovTechnicalQuality_2012 175  
Corporatism Siaroff index late 1960s Corporatism_1960s 21

Siaroff 1999 table 5

late 1970s Corporatism_1970s 21
late 1980s Corporatism_1980s 24
mid 1990s Corporatism_1990s 24

Related variables:
Trust in government (Trust)
Rule of law (Legal system)
Voice and accountability (Democracy)
Government size (Economic freedom)

Related topics:
Government expenditures
Institutional quality
Failed state
Legal system
Political stability
Related themes:
Institutional quality

States of Nations is an inventory of country characteristics. It is part of the World Database of Happiness

Keywords added: Cross-national, Authority, Bureaucracy, Government system, Good governance, Political system, System performance