Inequality of happiness in nations

Dispersion of:  happiness   lifesatisfaction   best-worst   affect balance   mixed items   Inequality-Adjusted Happiness (IAH)

Variable Measurement Era

SPSS code

N

Source
Dispersion of overall happiness SD 3-step happiness1 1948
SD_HappinessHL3_1948
8 WDH table 111a
1948
SD_HappinessHL3a_19482
8 WDH table 111a
1980
SD_HappinessHL3_1980
31 WDH table 111a+b+c
SD 3-step happiness corrected 1980
SD_HappinessHL3a_19802
21 WDH table 111a
1980
SD_HappinessHL3b_19803
21 Veenhoven 1990
SD 4-step happiness 1990
SD_HappinessHL4_1990
42 WDH table 111b
1995-98
SD_HappinessHL4_1996
51 WDH table 111b
1999
SD_HappinessHL4_1999
31 WDH table 111b
1990-99
SD_HappinessHL4_1990s
69 Mean eqhap4_90-96-99
Dispersion of lifesatisfaction SD 4-step lifesatisfaction 1973-79
SD_HappinessLS4_1970s
10 WDH table 121b
1980-89
SD_HappinessLS4_1980s
13 WDH table 121b
1990-99
SD_HappinessLS4_1990s
37 WDH table 121b
2000
SD_HappinessLS4_2000
34 WDH table 121b
SD 10-step lifesatisfaction 1980
SD_HappinessLS10_1980
25 WDH table 122c
1990-91
SD_HappinessLS10_1990
42 WDH table 122c
1990-95
SD_HappinessLS10_1995
62 WDH  table 122c
1995-98
SD_HappinessLS10_1998
47 WDH table 122c
1999-2000
SD_HappinessLS10_1999
83 WDH table 122c
1990-2000
SD_Happiness10_1990s
83 Mean 1990-95-99
2005
SD_HappinessLS10_2005
52 Computed from World Values Survey 5
SD 10+11 step lifesatisfaction 1995-2005
SD_HappinessLS10.11_2000s
83 WDH table 122c+d+e
2000-2008 SD_HappinessLS10.11_2000.08 131
2000-2009 SD_HappinessLS10.11_2000.09 134
Gini coefficient of 10-step lifesatisfaction 1999
Gini_HappinessLS10_1999
46 Computed from World Values Survey 4, item 65

 

% in modus
10-step life satisfaction
1999
Modus1_HappinessLS10_1999
46
% in modus and adjacent categories
10-step Life Satisfaction
1999
Modus2_HappinessLS10_1999
46
Inter quartile range
10-step Life Satisfaction
1999
IQR_HappinessLS10_1999
46
Various questions on life-satisfaction: scored on verbal and numerical scales, all transformed to range 0-10 1990-2000
SD_HappinessLSmix_1990s
90 WDH table 122c+123
Dispersion on Best-Worst scale SD 11 step Best-Worst possible ladder of life scale 2006
SD_HappinessBW11_2006
132 WDH table 131C
Dispersion of affect balance SD 10 item Affect Balance Scale 1980
SD_HappinessABS_1980s
16 WDH table 222
1990-91
SD_HappinessABS_1990s
38
SD 16 item scale of yesterday's affects 2006
SD_HappinessABS.YA_2006
43 WDH table 231
Dispersion in combined non-equivalent items
using regression to estimate the score on one item on the bases of responses to another
Standard deviation 0-10 lifesatisfaction completed with standard deviation 0-10 Best-Worst transformed
1995-2005
SD_HappinessLSBW11_2000s4
94 WDH table 122c+d and 131
2000-2009
SD_HappinessLSBW10.11_2000.09
142
2005-2014 SD_HappinessLSBW10.11_2005-2014 143
Standard deviation 0-10 BestWorst completed with standard deviation 0-10 Life satisfaction 2006 SD_HappinessBWLS11_2006 132

Variable Measurement Era

SPSS code

N

Source
Inequality-adjusted happiness Index which gives equal weight to level and dispersion of happiness.
Computed rom mean and standard deviation of happiness according to Kalmijn
and Veenhoven 2005

1990-2000
IAH_1990s
90 LSBW_90s, SD_LSBW_90s
1995-2005
IAH_2000s
94 LSBW_00s, SD_LSBW_00s
2000-2008
IAH_2000.08
131 LSBW10.11_2000.08
SD_LSBW10.11_2000.08

1 If available based on 3 step question (table 1.1.a), replenished with data on 4-step and 5-step happiness, recoded to 3 step (tables 1.1.1b+c).
- Based on original 3-step frequency distributions in Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, South-Korea, Spain, Switzerland, UK, USA, West-Germany.
- Based on reduced 4-step frequency distributions (step 3 = 3+4) in Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Belarus.
- Based on reduced 5-step frequency distributions (step 3 = 3+4+5) in Austria, Philippines, Singapore.
SD on 4-step happiness was on average .04 lower than on 3-step happiness (Average based on 12 double cases). SD on 5-step happiness was on average .06 higher than on 3 step happiness (Average based on 11 double cases). These deviations were not corrected.

2 Corrected by Koster

3 Corrected by Joop Ehrhardt

4 Most scores are based on responses to the following question: "All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole now? 1 dissatisfied to 10 satisfied" (item code O-SLW/c/sq/n/10/a). This classification is explained in section 4/3 of the introductory text. Scores on this 1-10 scale were transformed linearly to range 0-10. This transformation in explained in the introductory text, chapter 7.3.
Scores of ten nations are based on responses to a somewhat different question: "Suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder the worst possible life. Where on this ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?" The response was rated on a ladder scale ranging from 0 to 10 (item code O-BW/c/sq/l/11/c). We transformed the standard deviation on this item using the information of nations in which both this item and the above question on life-satisfaction had been used in about the same years.There are 33 such cases and the standard deviations on the two items appear to be strongly correlated; r = +.69 (after omitting three outliers: Egypt, Pakistan and Tanzania). We computed the regression equation and used these to estimate the score on 0-10 life-satisfaction. The formula is: estimated standard deviation of 0-10 life satisfaction = 1,453 + 0,551 x observed standard deviation on the Best-Worst item. These estimates are reported in this table. The 95% confidence interval around these estimated values is about 1 point, which means that these estimates are quite rough. The original means on the Best-Worst item were: Angola, 1,98; Bolivia, 2,11; Guatemala, 1,91; Honduras, 2,12; Ivory Coast, 1,94; Kenya, 1,90; Libanon,2,01; Mali, 1,50; Senegal, 1,85 and Uzbekistan 2,10.This estimation technique is described in more detail in the Introductory Text, chapter 7 'Comparability of the data' in section 7/3.1 'Converting scores on measures of different happiness variants'.


Related variables:
Related topics:
Equality
Happiness level
Inequality Adjusted Happiness
Related themes:
Happiness
Inequality

States of Nations is an inventory of country characteristics. It is part of the World Database of Happiness


Keywords added: Happiness, Life Satisfaction, Social inequality, Difference in happiness, Disparities in happiness, Distribution of happiness, Equity, Equality, Disparity, Deprivation, Inequity, Social inequality