Mental health in nations

Depression   Burn-out   Stress   Index of distress behavior     Mental well being     Beck depression inventory

Variable Measurement Era SPSS code N Source
Burn-out Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)
Assessed in 245 studies in various populations. Average percent maximum score, range 0-100
1981-2007 Burnout_1981.2007 25 Fischer & Boer 2011:172
Index of distress behavior Chronic psychosis, calorie intake, caffeine consumption, coronary heart disease, alcoholism, suicide, murder, crime, divorce,cigarette consumption, illegitimacy and accidents where combined into two factors, 'Anxiety' and 'Extroversion' by pricipal components analyses and coverted to t scores based on a mean of 50 and SD of 10 for the entire set of data. 1970 Distress_1970 16 Lynn 1982: 239
Mental well being General Health Questionnaire (short version). Question: Would you say that you have: 1) not at all, 2) no more than usual, 3) rather more than usual, 4) much more than usual...? a) ...lost much sleep over worry, b) ...been feeling unhappy or depressed, c) ...been losing confidence in yourself, d) ...been feeling that you could not overcome difficulties, e) ...been feeling constantly under strain, f) ...been thinking of yourself as a worthless person?
1996 GHQ_1996 18 Blanchflower 1999 table 12
Different versions of GHQ assessed in 396 samples of various non-clinical populations in 54 nations.
Mean scores rescaled to range 0-1
1972-2005 GHQ_1972_2005 45 Fischer & Boer 2011:172
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) BDI 21 item version (1960), depression scale, asks about feelings 'right now'. 1974-1999? BDI1_1993 23 Van Hemert 2002 table 1
BDI revised 21 item version (1979), depression scale, asks about feelings in 'the past week including today'. 1988-1999? BDI2_1995 13 Van Hemert 2002 table 2
BDI short version (1972), depression scale, consists of 13 items. 1984-1997? BDI3_1985 8 Van Hemert 2002 table 3
Depression Self report on single question: Did you feel depressed yesterday?
% yes
2006-2009 Depressed_2006.09 141 GallupWorldPoll
Stress Self report on single question: Did you feel stress yesterday?
% yes
2006-2009 Stress_2006.09 127 GallupWorldPoll

Positive mental health

Variable Measurement Era SPSS code N Source
Comprehensive psychological wellbeing Index of selfreport of: 1) positive relationships, 2) engagement, 3) vitality, 4) emotional stability, 5) competence, 6) resilience, 7) optimism, 8) self-esteem, 9) happiness, 10) meaning 2006 CPWB_2006 22 Ruggeri 2016 table 9
2012 CPWB 22

Related variables:
Optimism: see topic Beliefs
Expenditures on mental health care in % total health budget: topic Health Expenditures

Related topics:
Health care

Health expenditures

Related themes:

States of Nations is an inventory of country characteristics. It is part of the World Database of Happiness

Keywords added: Cross-national, Sanity, Mental health, Depression, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Madness, Stress